Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Polygonatum latifolium

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Liliopsida » Order: Liliales » Family: Liliaceae

Polygonatum latifolium


Polygonatum latifolium


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Liliopsida

Order: Liliales

Family: Liliaceae

Genus: Polygonatum

Species: latifolium

Plant description

Rhizomes shallowly set, 1–2 cm
thick. Stems arching, angled, 1–12 dm, sparsely hirsute distally; sheathing
bract cauline, papery, caducous. Leaves short-petiolate, 7–12.5 × 3–7
cm; blade elliptic-lanceolate to ovate, glabrous adaxially, minutely hairy or
pilose on abaxial veins, apex abruptly acuminate; prominent veins 3–9.
Inflorescences in most leaf axils except distalmost and proximal 2–4;
peduncle reflexed, axillary 2–3(–4)-flowered. Flowers: perianth whitish,
tipped with green, tube 10–18 mm, distinct tips 3 mm; stamens inserted near
middle of perianth tube; filaments glabrous or sparsely downy. Berries 6–9
mm. 2n = 20.

Flowering early--late spring.

Diffusion area



In the shady oak and
hornbeam-oak forests. Grows diffusely, is widespread.

Therapeutic actions

The contrary is used in
rheumatism, as a remedy emetic, and still manages dental pain, back pain,
anthrax, ascites, biliary pain, dermal burns, arrhythmias, hemorrhoids, acute
bronchitis, lung inflammation, diabetes, BUSD, antihemintic, obesity.

Biologically active substances

polygonatoside E′, steroid

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Scumpie – Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

 Siminoc – Helichrysum

arenarium DC

 Soc – Sambucus nigra L.

 Sorbestrea – Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

 Sovarv – Origanum vulgare L.

 Sporici – Verbena officinalis L.

 Stejar – Quercus robur L.

 Sunatoare – Hypericum

perforatum L.

 Sulfina – Melilotus officinalis L.

 Stevie – Rumex confertus Willd.

 Talpa gastii – Leonurus cardiaca

 Tataneasa – Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

 Tei – Tilia cordata L.

 Traista ciobanului – Capsella bur

pastoris L.

 Trei frati patati – Viola tricolor L.

 Troscot – Polygonum aviculare L

 Turita – Agrimonia eupatoria L.

 Tintaura – Centaurium

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


Ken Fern

Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field

F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford
University Press 1951

Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated,
it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).

Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications
1972 ISBN 0-486-20459-6

Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and

Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin 1984 ISBN 0-14-046-440-9

Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate

Altmann. H. Poisonous Plants and Animals. Chatto and Windus 1980 ISBN

A small book, reasonable but not very detailed.

Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge
University Press 1962

A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no

Stary. F. Poisonous Plants. Hamlyn 1983 ISBN 0-600-35666-3

Not very comprehensive, but easy reading.

Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books 1983 ISBN 0-553-23827-2

Lots of information tightly crammed into a fairly small book.

Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. 0

Fairly good with lots of ideas about creating wildlife areas in the

Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable 1974 ISBN

Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject.
Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very
brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.

Frohne. D. and Pfänder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe 1984
ISBN 0723408394

Brilliant. Goes into technical details but in a very readable way. The best
work on the subject that I've come across so far.

Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. 0

Written about a hundred years ago, but still a very good guide to the
useful plants of Britain.

Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books 1984 ISBN

An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names
with a brief list of edible parts.

Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern
Materials Centre 1977

A translation of an ancient Chinese book on edible wild foods.

Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books 1991 ISBN

Photographs of over 3,000 species and cultivars of ornamental plants
together with brief cultivation notes, details of habitat etc.

Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling
Kindersley Publishers Ltd. 1990 ISBN 0-86318-386-7

Excellent range of photographs, some cultivation details but very little
information on plant uses.

Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent 1982 ISBN 0460045512

A good list of drought resistant plants with details on how to grow

Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press 1992
ISBN 0-333-47494-5

Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly
mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons 1990 ISBN

An excellent detailled book on the subject, very comprehensive.

Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. 1990
ISBN 0 460 86048 8

A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides,
very little on plant uses.

Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal
Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial
Research, New Delhi. 1986

Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of
references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the
casual reader.

Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. 1990 ISBN

Deals with all types of herbs including medicinal, culinary, scented and
dye plants. Excellent photographs with quite good information on each

Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley.
London 1996 ISBN 9-780751-303148

An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from
around the world.

Genetic characteristics

2n = 20

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Polygonatum latifolium
DLE íîâèíêè

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