Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Genista tinctoria

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Genista tinctoria

Species


Genista tinctoria

Taxonomy



Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Genista

Species: tinctoria L



Plant description



The bright green smooth stems, 1
to 2 feet high, are much branched; the branches erect, rather stiff, smooth
or only lightly hairy and free from spines. The leaves are spear-shaped,
placed alternately on the stem, smooth, with uncut margins, 1/2 to 1 inch in
length, very smoothly stalked; the margins fringed with hairs. The shoots
terminate in spikes of brightyellow, pea-like flowers, opening in July. They
are 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, on foot-stalks shorter than the calyx. Like those
of the Broom, they 'explode' when visited by an insect. The 'claws' of the
four lower petals are straight at first, but in a high state of tension, so
that the moment they are touched, they curl downwards with a sudden action
and the flower bursts open. The flowers are followed by smooth pods, 1 to 1/4
inch long, much compressed laterally, brown when ripe, containing five to ten
seeds. A dwarf kind grows in tufts in meadows in the greater part of England
and is said to enrich poor soil.

Cows will sometimes eat the plant, and it communicates an unpleasant
bitterness to their milk and even to the cheese and butter made from it. All
parts of the plant, but especially the flowering tops, yield a good yellow
dye, and from the earliest times have been used by dyers for producing this
colour, especially for wool; combined with woad, an excellent green is
yielded, the colour being fixed with alum, cream of tartar and sulphate of
lime. In some parts of England, the plant used to be collected in large
quantities by the poor and sold to the dyers.

Tournefort (1708) describes the process of dyeing linen, woollen, cloth or
leather by the use of this plant, which he saw in the island of Samos. It is
still applied to the same purpose in some of the Grecian islands. The Romans
employed it for dyeing, and it is described by several of their writers. The
plant is called in French Genêt des Teinturiers and in German
Färberginster. Its English name in the fourteenth century was
Wede-wixin, or Woud-wix, which later became Woad Waxen. We find it also
called Green Weed and Dyer's Weed. It has diuretic, cathartic and emetic
properties and both flower tops and seeds have been used medicinally, though
it has never been an official drug. The powdered seeds operate as a mild
purgative, and a decoction of the plant has been used medicinally as a remedy
in dropsy and is stated to have proved effective in gout and rheumatism,
being taken in wineglassful doses three or four times a day.

The ashes form an alkaline salt, which has also been used as a remedy in
dropsy and other diseases. In the fourteenth century it was used, as well as
Broom, to make an ointment called Unguentum geneste, 'goud for alle could
goutes,' etc. The seed was also used in a plaster for broken limbs. A
decoction of the plant was regarded in the Ukraine as a remedy for
hydrophobia, but its virtues in this respect do not seem to rest on very good
evidence.


Diffusion area



Distributed in the European part
of Russia and Western Siberia, Western Europe and Kazakhstan. It grows on
sandy or limestone soils, the forests, the forest, among the bushes on sand
dunes or less on the sands of rivers and meadows. Very sensitive to frost.




Ecology


This plant is commonly found
through the hay fields, on sunny and steep coasts, at the forest edge, in
glades.



Therapeutic actions



Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the principal that
'like cures like', in a tiny dilution - so the indications below are what a
healthy person would feel if taking Genista Tinctoria. If your symptoms fit within
the symptoms below, then Genista Tinctoria would be a good bet.The following
are the indications of Genista Tinctoria, as it relates to vertigo,
dizziness. Strongest indications are in bold, the next strongest are in
italics, and the remaining indications are in a plain typeface. Entries on a
white background are from Boericke's Materia Medica, other entries are from a
reversed Kent's repertory.



Biologically active substances



The
plant contains alkaloids (metiltsitizin, cytisine and others), flavonoids,
tannins, triterpenoid saponins, organic acids, essential oil (0.02% in leaves
and flowers from 0.03 to 0.04%), pigments (luteolin and genistein) , ascorbic
acid. Also the plant contains a large collection of micro-and macro-elements,
especially calcium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, silicon, barium.



Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Brusture Arctium lappa
L.

CastanAesculus hippocastanum L

Calin Viburnum opulus L.

Catina Hippophae rhamnoides L.

Cerentel Geum urbanum L.

Cicoare Cichorium intybus L.

Cimbrisor Thymus serpyllum L

Cimbru Thymus vulgaris L.

Ciubotica cucului Primula veris L.

Coacaz Ribes nigrum L.

Coada calului Equisetum

arvense L

Coada soricelului Achillea

millefolium L.



Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



http://www.kcweb.com/herb/milkt.htm

http://www.pitt.edu/~cbw/herb.html

http://www.phytosolution.com/



References



1. Walter ED (1941).
"Genistin (an isoflavone glucoside) and its aglucone, genistein, from
soybeans". J Am Chem Soc 62 (12): 32733276.
doi:10.1021/ja01857a013



Genetic characteristics



2n=48 chromosomes.

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Genista tinctoria
DLE

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