Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Astragalus glycyphyllus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Astragalus glycyphyllus


Astragalus glycyphyllus


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Astragalus

Species: A. glycyphyllos

Plant description

Perennial, Herbs, Stems woody
below, or from woody crown or caudex, Nodules present, Stems erect or
ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs
sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules
conspicuous, Stipules membranous or chartaceous, Stipules persistent,
Stipules connate to each other, forming a tuber or sheath, Leaves compound,
Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite,
Leaflets 5-9, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces,
Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Bracts very small, absent or
caducous, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx hairy, Petals separate,
Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals ochroleucous, cream colored,
Petals bicolored or with red, purple or yellow streaks or spots, Banner petal
narrow or oblanceolate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips
obtuse or rounded, Keel petals auriculate, spurred, or gibbous, Keel tips
obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens diadelphous, 9 united, 1
free, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Style persistent in fruit, Fruit a
legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit tardily or wea kly dehiscent, Fruit elongate,
straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit or valves persistent on stem,
Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit beaked, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit
11-many seeded, Seeds cordiform, mit-shaped, notched at one end, Seed surface
smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.

Diffusion area

Europe, Asia.


This plant is commonly found in
the forests, bushes, especially on the sunny slopes. Common in the entire

Therapeutic actions

Astragalus is an herb that
originates from China. It has been used there ever since the ancient times
because it provides numerous different health supplements.

In modern times it is mostly used as a dietary supplement for several
different purposes. Astralagus is a large genus and it is actually the
largest one in the family known as Leguminosae.

They are perennial shrubs and they commonly grow in Korea and China because
they require temperate regions. Astragalus is botanically referred to as the
astragalus membranaceus but it is also widely known as milk vitch. The plant
is not toxic and its taste can be described as a mixture of bitter and sweet.

Its root can be used for the treatment of numerous different types of viral
and bacterial infections. It can also come in very handy when it comes to the
boosting of the immune system and increasing the levels of energy in the

Astragalus is also known for its potent diuretic properties. Astragalus can
be purchased in the form of tea, extracts and sometimes even tinctures. It
can also be contained as an ingredient in numerous different types of
medicaments and supplements.

Astragalus can also be found as an ingredient of some ointments which are
mainly used for the soothing and treatment of wounds.

Side Effects of Astragalus

Most people make a mistake by thinking that all natural products are safe
and that they can be applied externally or consumed with no side effects at
all. Numerous different herbal remedies and supplements can cause side
effects and several different types of allergic reactions as well.

Astragalus is no exception to the rule and it may not be safe to be
consumed for certain persons. Side effects of astragalus can range from minor
to severe and they may or may not affect all the people that consume it.

Minor side effects of astragalus commonly include rash, gas, hives,
abdominal pain, itching, nausea, tightness in the chest, diarrhea and difficulty
breathing. Astragalus can also sometimes make the symptoms of autoimmune
diseases even worse.

Those include rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Children should
also avoid astragalus. It is not known whether astragalus may be potentially
harmful for pregnant women, but is strongly advised not to use it during the

It is also not recommended for breastfeeding mothers because it is unknown
whether it can pass into the milk and be potentially harmful for the infant.
Astragalus may also sometimes interact with certain types of medications.

Biologically active substances


Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Brusture Arctium lappa L.

CastanAesculus hippocastanum L

Calin Viburnum opulus L.

Catina Hippophae rhamnoides L.

Cerentel Geum urbanum L.

Cicoare Cichorium intybus L.

Cimbrisor Thymus serpyllum L

Cimbru Thymus vulgaris L.

Ciubotica cucului Primula veris L.

Coacaz Ribes nigrum L.

Coada calului Equisetum

arvense L

Coada soricelului Achillea

millefolium L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


Barneby, R.C. 1964. Atlas of North American Astragalus. Memoirs of the New
York Botanical Garden 13, parts 1 & 2.

Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN. The database of
Canadian vascular plants. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en
biologie végétale, Université de Montréal.

Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated.

Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants.
Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State
Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.

New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York
State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany

Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished.;FR8602004

Genetic characteristics

2n = 16

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Astragalus glycyphyllus

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