Med Plant Data Base

Order
Family

Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

advanced

Asarum europaeum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Aristolochiales » Family: Aristolochiaceae

Asarum europaeum

Species


Asarum europaeum


Taxonomy


Kingdom:Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Aristolochiales

Family: Aristolochiaceae

Genus: Asarum

Species: A. europaeum


Plant description


Asarum europaeum, commonly known
as Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Haselwort, and Wild Spikenard, is a
species of wild ginger with single axillary dull purple flowers, lying on the
ground. It is widespread across Europe, ranging from southern Finland and
northern Russia south to southern France, Italy and the Republic of
Macedonia. It is also grown extensively outside of its range as an
ornamental. It is sometimes harvested for use as a spice or a
flavouring.

The stems are 10-15 cm long. The leaves are petiolate and reniform and
about 10 cm wide. It occurs mostly in deciduous woodland or coniferous
forests, especially in calcareous soils. There are two recognised subspecies
other than the type, including A. europaeum ssp. caucasicum, which is
confined to the southwestern Alps, and A. europaeum ssp. italicum, which is
found in central and northern Italy as well as in the Crna Gora mountains in
former Jugoslavia. In former days, it was used in snuff and also medicinally
as an emetic and cathartic. It is quite shade-tolerant and is often employed
as a ground cover in gardens where little else will grow.

The plant is a perennial and has prostrate stems that each bear 2 reniform
(i.e. kidney-shaped) leaves with long petioles. The upper surface of the
leaves is shiny and they have a pepper-like taste and smell. There are also 2
to 3 stipules present that occur in two rows opposite each other on the stem.
the flowers are solitary, terminal and nodding. The flower tube is composed
of fused tepals that ends with 3 petal-like projections that are brownish
towards their ends and dark purple toward the centre. There are 12 stamens
present. The flowers emerge in the late winter and spring.

Diffusion area


Asarum europaeum, commonly known
as Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Haselwort, and Wild Spikenard, is a
species of wild ginger with single axillary dull purple flowers, lying on the
ground. It is widespread across Europe, ranging from southern Finland and
northern Russia south to southern France, Italy and the Republic of
Macedonia. It is also grown extensively outside of its range as an
ornamental. It is sometimes harvested for use as a spice or a
flavoring.

The stems are 10-15 cm long. The leaves are petiolate and reniform and
about 10 cm wide. It occurs mostly in deciduous woodland or coniferous
forests, especially in calcareous soils. There are two recognised subspecies
other than the type, including A. europaeum ssp. caucasicum, which is confined
to the southwestern Alps, and A. europaeum ssp. italicum, which is found in
central and northern Italy as well as in the Crna Gora mountains in former
Jugoslavia. In former days, it was used in snuff and also medicinally as an
emetic and cathartic. It is quite shade-tolerant and is often employed as a
ground cover in gardens where little else will grow.

The plant is a perennial and has prostrate stems that each bear 2 reniform
(i.e. kidney-shaped) leaves with long petioles. The upper surface of the
leaves is shiny and they have a pepper-like taste and smell. There are also 2
to 3 stipules present that occur in two rows opposite each other on the stem.
the flowers are solitary, terminal and nodding. The flower tube is composed
of fused tepals that ends with 3 petal-like projections that are brownish
towards their ends and dark purple toward the centre. There are 12 stamens
present. The flowers emerge in the late winter and spring.


Ecology



Is a standing component of the
beech, hornbeam and linden, ash, oak forests, on the slopes. Is also spread
in meadow groves and in the river valleys.

Therapeutic actions



Apply as a diuretic (at edema ),
expectorant , vomit , anti , lactiferous tool. It regulates the functional
activity of the stomach and heart, menstrual cycle, cures for alcoholism . A
compound of the essential oil asarone , contained in the European hoofed
animals - poisonous. plant is contraindicated in pregnancy. Use with scanty
menses abraded from the rhizome powder. They take on the tip of a folding
knife (0,2-0,5 g), poured into a glass of milk and drink on an empty stomach
1 times a day. This dose is efficient when fever and worms , also at migraine
, angina pectoris, hysteria , supersensitivity . If we take the powder more
(up to 5 g), it can cause vomiting.

Root decoction is prepared well. For 1 cup of boiling water (or goat's
milk) give half a teaspoon of crushed rhizome, boil 1 minute and run off.
Drink and 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day for paltry menstruation, are hard to
stomach (dyspepsia), gastritis in , enteritis , liver and from selezenochnika
. When heart disease acts as a sedative tool. Children, in convulsions or
consequences fright , give a half spoon 1 times on the day of broth teaspoon
rootstock in 1 cup of milk.

Broth 5 g roots in 200 ml of water used against alcoholism - 1 tablespoon
broth is poured into 1 cup of vodka (not visible from an alcoholic). This
tool causes vomiting and often causes drunks turn away in disgust from the
spirits (MA Nosal).

The broth with 1 / 5 teaspoon crushed leaves kopytnyaka in 1 cup boiling
water use against worms . When a fever drink and 1 tablespoon broth heel
twice a day for 2-3 weeks.

Insist sheets improves cardiac function, causes a significant narrowing of
blood vessels and increasing blood pressure. Root decoction is used as a heel
lotion with eye diseases. Infused in vinegar herb rub it places the body
affected by scabies.

Biologically active substances


Wissenschaftliche Abteilung der
Chemisch-Pharmazeutischen Fabrik Göppingen, Carl Müller, Apotheker,
GmbH und Co. KG Göppingen, Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

The local anaesthetic activity of both phenylpropanoids of ASARUM EUROPAEUM
trans-isoasarone and trans-isoeugenol methyl ether were measured in
comparison to the unsubstituted propenyl benzene and to the mono methoxy
derivative trans-anethole resp. benzocaine, trans-Isosarone shows local
anaesthetic activity with an intensity nearly equal to benzocaine. The
quantitative structure-activity relationship in the series of
phenylpropanoids has been analysed and established that the activity is
increasing according to the number of methoxy groups. The results are
compared with the lipophility and the surface activity of the substances.
Surface activity changes parallel with the anaesthetic activity while the
lipophility changes in contrary.


Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Coada soricelului Achillea

millefolium L.

Corn Cornus mas L.

Cosaci Astragalus dasyanthus

Pall.

Cretusca Filipendula ulmaria L

Crusin Frangula alnus Mill.

Cucurbetica Aristolochia

clematidis L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/plants/ghana/orgs.htm

http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm

http://www.plant-medicine.com http://www.pfaf.org/database/index.php

http://www.floridaplants.com/mdata.htm

References


^ Seidemann, Johannes (July
2005). World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy (1 ed.). Germany:
Springer. p. 57. ISBN 3540222790.
http://books.google.com/?id=fhN0VK2608QC&pg=PA57&lpg=PA57&dq=Asarum+europaeum+spice&q=Asarum%20europaeum%20spice


^ Katzer, Gernot. "Geographic Spice Index" (HTML). Gernot
Katzers Spice Pages.
http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/spice_geo.html#Asarum_europaeum.
Retrieved 26 April 2010.

^ a b (German) Schmeil, Otto; Fitschen, Jost; Seybold, Siegmund (2006).
Flora von Deutschland, 93. Auflage. Wiebelsheim: Quelle & Meyer Verlag.
p. 190. ISBN 3-494-01413-2.

^ Tutin, T.G.; V. H. Heywood; N. A. Burges; D. H. Valentine; S. M. Walters;
D. A. Webb, ed. "Asarum europaeum". Flora Europaea. Cambridge
University Press.
http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Asarum&SPECIES_XREF=europaeum.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asarum_europaeum

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1887803

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14337004

http://www.sfatulmedicului.ro/dictionar-plante-medicinale/pochivnic-asarum-europaeum_14565

http://www.eplante.ro/plante-a-z/pochivnic-piperul-lupului-Asarum-europaeum.html

http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Popilnic

http://www.armonianaturii.ro/AntiAlcool-Plant.html*productID_1271-detalii_produs

http://www.plante-medicinale.ro/pm/fisa_planta.php

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7255572

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6622562


Genetic characteristics


2n = 26

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Asarum europaeum
DLE

Copyright © Universitatea Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei
Copyright © Gincota Filipp