Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Adonis vernalis L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Adonis vernalis L.


Adonis vernalis L.



Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Ranunculales

Family: Ranunculaceae

Genus: Adonis

Species: A. vernalis

Plant description

Herbs , perennial,
stout-rhizomatous. Stems 1-4, 5-35 cm at anthesis (10-40 cm at fruiting
time). Leaves: basal leaves scalelike, 1cm, sessile; proximal cauline leaves
with sheathlike petiole base, distal leaves short-petiolate to sessile; leaf
blade 1-2-pinnatisect. Flowers 4-8 cm diam.; sepals appressed to petals,
ovate-elliptic to obovate, margins and abaxial surface villous, apex slightly
crenulate to ±erose; petals 10-20, spreading, yellow, without basal blotch,
plane, 25-35 mm, 1.5 times length of calyx, apex erose or irregularly
crenulate; stamens ca. 80; anthers yellow; pistils 40-50. Heads of achenes
globose to ovoid, 15-20 × 12-15 mm; pedicels hidden among dense leaves;
achenes pubescent, 3.5-5.5 mm, transverse flange absent, basal tooth absent,
adaxial margin very short (1 mm), straight, abaxial margin strongly gibbous;
beak strongly recurved against abaxial surface, 0.5-1 mm.

Flowering spring (Apr-May). Roadsides and sites adjacent to gardens

Adonis vernalis occasionally escapes from cultivation as an ornamental. It
is much less frequently encountered in the flora than the other two species
of Adonis .

Diffusion area

Adonis vernalis, known variously
as pheasant's eye, spring pheasant's eye, yellow pheasant's eye and false
hellebore, is a perennial flowering plant found in dry meadows and steppes in
Eurasia. Isolated populations are found from Spain in the west across central
and southern Europe, reaching southern Sweden in the north, with its main
area of distribution being the Pannonian Basin and the West Siberian
Plain.[1] In contrast to most other European Adonis species, the flowers
appear in springtime, and are up to 80 mm in diameter, with up to 20 bright
yellow petals.


Is spread on pastures and dry
meadows, steep and sunny slopes in the forests.

Therapeutic actions

The poisoning is characterized by refractory
vomiting and diarrhea, slow pulse, collapse and, if no treatment is received,
ceasing of heart function. A number of medical products were produced from
adonis in the past but they have now been replaced by modern synthetic

Thus, traditionally Adonis vernalis is used as a home herbal remedy for
edema, cardiac dropsy and several other heart-related problems. Later,
scientific research was carried out on the plant and revealed it to be a
source of two important cardiostimulant compounds: the yellowish crystalline
aconitic acid and the colorless crystalline adonidine that was extracted from
it. As these plant extracts can be as effective as digitalis to treat cardiac
problems and are not cumulative, they are now used in many proprietary

Biologically active substances

The plant is poisonous,
containing cardiostimulant compounds, such as adonidin and aconitic

In epigeous parts contain toxic cardiac glycosides similar to those of
digitalis (cymarine, adonitoxin, adonidoside, etc.); its roots are also
poisonous, still being researched.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Talpa gastii – Leonurus cardiaca

 Tataneasa – Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

 Tei – Tilia cordata L.

 Traista ciobanului – Capsella bur

pastoris L.

 Trei frati patati – Viola tricolor L.

 Troscot – Polygonum aviculare L

 Turita – Agrimonia eupatoria L.

 Tintaura – Centaurium

umbellatum Gilib.

 Urzica – Urtica dioica L.

 Verigar – Rhamnus cathartica L.

 Vetrice – Tanacetum vulgare L.

 Vasc – Viscum album L.

 Vinarita – Asperula odorata L.

 Volbura – Convolvulus

arvensis L.

 Zmeur – Rubus idaeus L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


Genetic characteristics

2n = 16

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Adonis vernalis L.
DLE íîâčíęč

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