Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
»

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Verbascum thapsus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum thapsus

Species


Verbascum thapsus

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Madnoliopsida

Order: Scrophulariales

Family: Scrophulariaceae

Genus: Verbascum

Species: V. thapsus


Plant description


Biennials to 1.5 m tall, densely
with grayish yellow stellate hairs. Leaves to 15 cm long, 6 cm wide, margin
crenate. Other stem leaves gradually decreasing in size upward, sessile,
oblong to ovate-oblong, base decurrently into wings. Panicle is cylindrical,
to 30 cm long, 2 cm wide, dense. Flowers usually few fascicled. Pedicel
short. Calyx ca. 7 mm; Corolla yellow, 1-2 cm in diameter. Stamens 5;
filaments of anterior 2 stamens glabrous and of posterior 3 pubescent; anther
lobes divergent at base. Capsule ovoid, as long as persistent calyx.

Great Mullein is an imposing plant with interesting foliage and form. The
flowers seem small and inconspicuous in comparison with the rest of the
plant.

Diffusion area


Europe, Africa, Asia, America,
Australia It has been introduced throughout the temperate world, and is
established as a weed in Australia, New Zealand, tropical Asia, La
Réunion, North America, Hawaii, Chile, Hispaniola and Argentina.It has
also been reported in Japan.


Ecology


Can be found growing on glades,
sunny slopes, on sandy and rocky soils. Has been indicated by A. Borza, bat
in the past period of time has not been collected.

Therapeutic actions



Great mullein is a commonly used
domestic herbal remedy, valued for its efficacy in the treatment of pectoral
complaints. It acts by reducing the formation of mucus and stimulating the
coughing up of phlegm, and is a specific treatment for acute bronchial and
tracheal disease. The leaves and the flowers are anodyne, anti-inflammatory,
antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, emollient,
emollient and astringent properties. Some people prefer to smoke the leaves
of the Verbascum thapsus plant. They dry the leaves and roll them in paper.
Some herbalists may claim that smoking the leaves helps relieve symptoms of
asthma, bronchitis, coughs, and irritated respiratory systems.The plant's
flowers are sometimes used to treat migraines. The leaves also are often made
into a poultice for sunburns, tumors, and ulcers. Even the roots are crushed
to treat toothaches, cramps, and seizures.

Biologically active substances



Mucilage, several saponins,
coumarin and glycosides.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Scumpie – Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

 Siminoc – Helichrysum

arenarium DC

 Soc – Sambucus nigra L.

 Sorbestrea – Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

 Sovarv – Origanum vulgare L.

 Sporici – Verbena officinalis L.

 Stejar – Quercus robur L.

 Sunatoare – Hypericum

perforatum L.

 Sulfina – Melilotus officinalis L.

 Stevie – Rumex confertus Willd.

 Talpa gastii – Leonurus cardiaca

 Tataneasa – Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

 Tei – Tilia cordata L.

 Traista ciobanului – Capsella bur

pastoris L.

 Trei frati patati – Viola tricolor L.

 Troscot – Polygonum aviculare L

 Turita – Agrimonia eupatoria L.

 Tintaura – Centaurium

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/?term=brassica+napus

http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7661


http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica+napus+napobrassica

http://newcropsdatabase.com/default/index.cfm/new-crops/

References



Hill, L. M.  (1989). IOPB chromosome data 1.
International Organization of Plant. 
Biosystematists Newsletter. 13,

Lövkvist, B., & U. M. Hultgård
   (1999). Chromosome numbers in south
Swedish vascular plants.  Opera
Botanica. 137,

 Wentworth, J. E., J. P. Bailey,
& R. J. Gornall   (1991).
Contributions to a cytological catalogue of the British and Irish flora.
Watsonia. 18,

 Annotated Checklist of the Flowering
Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org

 Bullock, J.A., 1992. Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of
Recorded Associations.

Ellis, M.B. and J.P., 1997. 
Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook.

Flora of China @ eFloras.org Hilty, J. Editor. 2010. Insect Visitors of
Illinois Wildflowers.

World Wide Web electronic publication. flowervisitors.info, version
(04/2010).

 Ing, B., 1990. An Introduction to British Powdery Mildews.
Morris, M.G., 2002.  True Weevils (Part
I): Family Curculionidae, subfamilies Raymondionyminae to
Smicronychinae.

Genetic characteristics


2n = 36

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Verbascum thapsus
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