Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Trifolium fragiferum L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Trifolium fragiferum L.

Species


Trifolium fragiferum L.

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Trifolium L.

Species: Trifolium fragiferum L.

Plant description


Perennial herb. Stems prostrate
and stoloniferous, 5 to 50 cm long with erect petioles and floral stalks,
stems hairy or smooth. Leaves trifoliate, 2 to 20 cm long, congested or
loose, with long hairy or hairless stalks. Leaflet 0.5 to 3 cm long, 0.3 to 1.5
cm wide, obovate to elliptical, occasionally round, blunt, often indented at
the tip, finely toothed, hairless or hairy along the veins and margins.
Stipules reach 2 cm long, lance-shaped, dilated and white papery towards the
base and with a sharp pointed free portion. Inflorescences globular and
compact, 10-12 mm in diameter, with pink or purplish red florets and when
ripe, become reddish and resemble strawberry fruits. The blooms appear
earlier than those of white clover. There may be 35 to 60 florets per head.
Only one seed forms in a floret. As the seeds mature, the head takes on the
appearance of a balloon. The flowers are extremely attractive to bees for
both nectar and pollen. After pollination in summer by bumble bees and honey
bees, the pubescent fruiting calyces contain 1-2 seeds each. Seeds are
heart-shaped and colored light brown with dark brown flecks. Cross
fertilized. 2n = 16.



Species grows in grassy and muddy areas, and sometimes salty places. It is
adapted to poorly drained soils with high water tables even though plants
become shallow-rooted; also suited to wet saline or alkaline soils.



N-fixing, protein-rich species particularly adapted to waterlogged and/or
saline soils, and to heavy irrigation. Species is suitable for hay and
silage. It is tolerant to close continuous grazing on account of its
stoloniferous growth habit. Has cool-season growth in mild temperate areas.
It is intolerant of shady areas. Moderate drought tolerance that is better
than white clover. It is tolerant of flooding.


Diffusion area


Moderately distributed in mild,
temperate areas, e.g. S. and C. Europe, W. Asia, all Mediterranean countries;
European part of the former USSR, Crimea, Caucasus, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Asia
Minor.

Ecology


This plant is commonly found on
sandy places, river banks, pastures with short grass, often found on marshy
or salty soil. Common in the entire country.

Therapeutic actions


Clovers are a valuable survival
food, as they are high in protein, widespread, and abundant. They are not
easy to digest raw, but this can be easily fixed by juicing them or boiling
them for 5–10 minutes. Dried flower heads and seedpods can also be ground up
into a nutritious flour and mixed with other foods. Dried flower heads can
also be steeped in hot water for a healthy, tasty tea.


Biologically active substances


Are high in protein


Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Brusture – Arctium lappa L.

Castan–Aesculus hippocastanum L

Calin – Viburnum opulus L.

Catina – Hippophae rhamnoides L.

Cerentel – Geum urbanum L.

Cicoare – Cichorium intybus L.

Cimbrisor – Thymus serpyllum L

Cimbru – Thymus vulgaris L.

Ciubotica cucului – Primula veris L.

Coacaz – Ribes nigrum L.

Coada calului – Equisetum

arvense L

Coada soricelului – Achillea

millefolium L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://www.cnmp.ro/ceex/comp1_2006/oferta.php?id=2619

http://www.panda.org/ro/proiecte/agricultura/arnica/

http://www.plante-medicinale.ro/pm/index.php
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/plants/ghana/orgs.htm

http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm

http://www.plant-medicine.com http://www.pfaf.org/database/index.php

http://www.floridaplants.com/mdata.htm
http://www.sristi.org/wsa/plantdb/index.php

http://202.127.158.9/scripts/ccmpcgi.exe?_cfg=c:/InetPub/

wwwroot/cbisdb/ccmpe/ccmpe.cfg

http://www.progenebio.in/DMP/DMP.htm

http://www.mappa-asia.org/index.php?id=17

http://www.travolekar.ru/diction.htm

http://www.hewo.com/en/plant.aspx

http://www.pl.barc.usda.gov 
http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-19908-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html

References


Брежнев Д. Д., Коровина О. Н.
Дикие сородичи культурных растений флоры СССР. - Л.: Колос, 1980. - 376 с.


Галушко А. И. Флора Северного Кавказа. Определитель. - Ростов-на-Дону,
1980. - Т. 2. - 350 с.

Гроссгейм А. А. Род Trifolium. Флора Кавказа. - М.-Л: АН СССР, 1952. - Т.
V, 194 - 221 с.

Культурная флора. Многолетние бобовые травы (клевер, лядвенец). / Под ред.
Мухиной Н. А., Станкевич Л. К. - М.: Колос, 1993. - 335 с.

Флора Европейской части СССР. Род Trifolium. Л.: Наука, 1987. - Т. VI. - 95
- 98 c.

Флора Казахстана. / Под ред. Н. В. Павлова. - Алма-Ата: АН КазССР, 1961. -
Т. V. - 515 с.

Флора Сибири. / Под ред. Положий А. В., Малышева Л. И. - Новосибирск:
Наука, 1994. - Т. 9. - 280 с.

Флора СССР. Род Trifolium. - М. - Л.: АН СССР, 1948. - Т. XIII. - 189 - 262
c.

Флора Таджикской ССР. / Под ред. П. Н. Овчинникова. - Л.: Наука, 1978. Т.
V. - 678 с.

Флора Центральной Сибири. / Под ред. Малышева Л. И., Пешковой Г. А. -
Новосибирск: Наука, 1979. - Т. 2. - 1046 с.

Никитин В. В., Гельдиханов А. М. Определитель растений Туркменистана. - Л.:
Наука, 1988. - 680 с.

Определитель растений Средней Азии. / Под ред. А. И. Введенского. -
Ташкент: Фан, 1981. Т. VI. - 394 с.

Hulten, Eric and Magnus Fries. 1986. Atlas of north European vascular
plants north of the Tropic of Cancer.

Meusel Y. und and.1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropischen
Flora. Jena:, - 583 s.


Genetic characteristics


2n = 16

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Trifolium fragiferum L.
DLE новинки

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