Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Tilia cordata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Lythraceae

Tilia cordata


Tilia cordata


Kingdom: Plantae

Class:  Magnoliopsida

Order: Malvales

Family: Tiliaceae

Genus: Tilia

Specie Tilia cordata

Plant description

It is a deciduous tree growing
to 20-38 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-2 m diameter. The leaves are
alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3-8 cm long and broad,
mostly hairless (unlike the related Tilia platyphyllos) except for small
tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils - the leaves are distinctively
heart-shaped. The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in
clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green
subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by
bees. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6–7 mm long and 4 mm broad, downy at
first becoming smooth at maturity, and (unlike T. platyphyllos) not

It is a rather rigid herb, the stem of which attains a of from 3 to
5 feet; the leaves are large and toothed, the lower ones stalked, the rest
embracing the stem; the flowers are yellow, 2 inches broad, and have many
rays, each three-notched at the extremity. The root is thick, branching and
mucilaginous, and has a warm, bitter taste and a camphoraceous odor.

Diffusion area

Is a species of Tilia native to
much of Europe and western Asia, north to southern Great Britain (north to
about Durham), central Scandinavia, east to central Russia, and south to
central Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Turkey, and the Caucasus; in the south of its
range it is restricted to high altitudes.


Is found in the oak, hornbeam, linden-ash-oak forests.
Common in the entire country in forestry zones.

Therapeutic actions

Neurosedativ, spasmolytic, cough
calming, soothing, promotes expectoration, perspiration, anti-inflammatory,
decongestant, antispasmodic, relaxes smooth muscles of the digestive tract,
vasodilators, combat hypertension and cardiac disorders, heart failure with
edema, atherosclerosis with streamlining blood, fight heart palpitations and
spasms, diaphoretic, causing sweating and body temperature decreases.

Biologically active substances

Leaves contain mucilages witch
formed poliuronic acid, hexona, metilpentozane, flowers contain mucilages
formed galacturonic acid, galactose, rhamnose, volatile oil (farnesol),
flavonoids (cvercetrina, izoevercetrina, rutozid), tannin, choline, acetylcholine.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Scumpie – Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

 Siminoc – Helichrysum

arenarium DC

 Soc – Sambucus nigra L.

 Sorbestrea – Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

 Sovarv – Origanum vulgare L.

 Sporici – Verbena officinalis L.

 Stejar – Quercus robur L.

 Sunatoare – Hypericum

perforatum L.

 Sulfina – Melilotus officinalis L.

 Stevie – Rumex confertus Willd.

 Talpa gastii – Leonurus cardiaca

 Tataneasa – Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

 Tei – Tilia cordata L.

 Traista ciobanului – Capsella bur

pastoris L.

 Trei frati patati – Viola tricolor L.

 Troscot – Polygonum aviculare L

 Turita – Agrimonia eupatoria L.

 Tintaura – Centaurium

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


Benson, R.B., 1952.  Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b).

Cox, M.L., 2007.  Atlas of the Seed
and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland. 

Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986. 
Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls.

Bullock, J.A., 1992.  Host Plants of
British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations. 

Fjelddalen, J., 1964.  Aphids
Recorded on Cultivated Plants in Norway 1946-1962.

Genetic characteristics

2n = 82

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Tilia cordata
DLE íîâèíêè

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