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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Descurainia sophia

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Descurainia sophia
  

Species


Descurainia sophia

  

Taxonomy



Kingdom: Plantae

    Class: Magnoliopsida

    Order: Capparales

    Family: Brassicaceae

    Genus: Descurainia

    Species: sophia (L.)



  

Plant description



ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m
  (3ft). It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to
  September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)
  and are pollinated by Self. The plant is self-fertile.

    The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The
  plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in
  semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.



  

Diffusion area



Russia (Siberia),

     in Europe and

    western Asia,

    north-western

    Africa, North

    of America.



  

Ecology



  

Grows in abandoned places,
  around villages, near fences, more rarely on meadows and glades. Common in
  the entire country.



  

Therapeutic  actions



  

Antiasthmatic;Antiscorbutic;Antitussive;Astringent;Cardiotonic;Demulcent;Diuretic;Febrifuge;Laxative;Poultice;Vermifuge.

    A poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. The
  juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs,
  hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. A strong decoction of the plant has
  proved excellent in the treatment of asthma. The flowers and the leaves are
  antiscorbutic and astringent. The seed is considered to be cardiotonic,
  demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, restorative and tonic.
  It is used in the treatment of asthma, fevers, bronchitis, oedema and
  dysentery. It is also used in the treatment of worms and calculus complaints.
  It is decocted with other herbs for treating various ailments. The seeds have
  formed a special remedy for sciatica. A poultice of the ground up seeds has
  been used on burns and sores.



  

Biologically active substances



  

In seeds:

    • 0 Calories per 100g

    • Water : 0%

    • Protein: 27.5g; Fat: 33g; Carbohydrate: 0g; Fibre: 0g; Ash: 3.7g;

    • Minerals - Calcium: 0mg; Phosphorus: 0mg; Iron: 0mg; Magnesium: 0mg;
  Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg;

    • Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0mg; Niacin: 0mg;
  B6: 0mg; C: 0mg;

    The plant contains alkaloids, coumarins, beta-sitosterol, oil, saponins,
  vitamins C, E and P.

    



  

Indigenous medicinal plants in  databases



Albastrele – Centaurea cyanus
  L.

    Albumeala – Gnaphalium

    uliginosum L.

    Alun – Corylus avellana L.

    Angelica – Angelica arhangelica L.

    Ardei – Capsicum annuum L.

    Arin – Alnus incana Moanch.

    Armurariu – Silybum marianum

    Gaerth.

    Aronie – Aronia melanocarpa

    (Michx.) Elliot



Centers, institutes, research labs
  of medicinal plants



  

The Herbal Center -
  http://www.thctheherbalcenter.com/

    Ohlone Herbal Center - http://www.ohlonecenter.org/

    Dandelion Herbal Center - http://www.dandelionherb.com/

    The National Herb Centre - http://www.herbcentre.co.uk/

    http://www.acupunctureherbalcenter.com/default.htm

    



  

References



  

1. Sun, Kia, Li; Xian, Li, wen;
  Wang, Jinhui; Liu, Jianming and Sha, Yi (2004). Two new lactons and one new
  aryl-8-oza-bicyclo (3,2,1) oct-3-en-2-one from Descurainia sophia. Chem and
  Pharm. Bull. 52 (12), 1483-86.

    2. A.Q. Wang, XK. Wang, JK. Li and XY. Cui (2004). Isolation and structure
  identification of chemical constituents from the seeds of Descurainia sophia.
  Web exprantl. 39, 46- 51.

    3. L. Peng, Y. Youg, J. Gao and L. Zequ (1997). Preliminary study on the
  introduction on Descurainia sophia an oil plant species for industrial uses.
  Zhiwu Xuebao, 39 (5), 477- 479.

    



  

Genetic  characteristics



  

2n=14 chromosomes



  

Gathering  place (figure should be increased)



Descurainia sophia
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