Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Medicago lupulina

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Medicago lupulina


Medicago lupulina


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Medicago

Species: M. lupulina

Plant description

Annual with prostrate or
ascending stems up to 2½' long. These stems are light green or reddish
green and densely covered with white hairs (although older stems become less
hairy); they branch occasionally. The alternate compound leaves are trifoliate.
Young trifoliate leaves toward the tips of the stems have short hairy
petioles, while older trifoliate leaves have longer petioles. At the base of
each petiole, there is a pair of stipules that are lanceolate to ovate and
variable in size. The leaflets of the compound leaves are up to 2/3"
long and about half as much across; they are medium to dark green, obovate or
oval-ovate, hairy or nearly hairless, and slightly dentate along their
margins. Each middle leaflet has a short stalk, while the lateral leaflets
are sessile. The upper surface of each leaflet has fine lateral veins that
are light green and straight.

Occasionally, individual flowerheads are produced from the axils of the
trifoliate leaves on peduncles up to 3" long. Each flowerhead is about
¼" across and globoid in shape; it consists of a dense cluster of
15-50 yellow flowers. Each flower is about 1/8" long; when fully open,
it has a pea-like floral structure with an upper standard and lower keel; the
former is relatively larger than the latter in size. The base of each flower
consists of a small green calyx with 5 narrow teeth. The blooming period
occurs from late spring to early fall and can last several months. Each
flowerhead is replaced by a dense cluster of seedpods. Each seedpod is
dark-colored, hairy, strongly curled, and about 1/8" long; it contains a
single dark seed that is somewhat flattened and reniform (kidney-shaped). The
root system consists of a coarse branching taproot that can form

Diffusion area

Native to Europe and Asia.
Distributed throughout Europe (except the Arctic), Western and Eastern
Siberia, the Far East, Scandinavia, Northern Africa, Asia Minor, Armenia,
Iran, the Indian Himalayas, Central Asia, Japan, North America (not native),
and Australia (not native).


Grows through the hay fields and
pastures, on dry and grassy places, on meadows and hills, at the road and
field edges. Common in the entire country.

Therapeutic actions

Antifungal, antiviral,
antibacterial;† Lenitive.

Aqueous extracts of the plant have antibacterial properties against
micro-organisms. The plant is lenitive.

Biologically active substances

Flavonoids, oils.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Scumpie Ц Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

Siminoc Ц Helichrysum

arenarium DC

Soc Ц Sambucus nigra L.

Sorbestrea Ц Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

Sovarv Ц Origanum vulgare L.

Sporici Ц Verbena officinalis L.

Stejar Ц Quercus robur L.

Sunatoare Ц Hypericum

perforatum L.

Sulfina Ц Melilotus officinalis L.

Stevie Ц Rumex confertus Willd.

Talpa gastii Ц Leonurus cardiaca

Tataneasa Ц Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

Tei Ц Tilia cordata L.

Traista ciobanului Ц Capsella bur

pastoris L.

Trei frati patati Ц Viola tricolor L.

Troscot Ц Polygonum aviculare L

Turita Ц Agrimonia eupatoria L.

Tintaura Ц Centaurium

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


1. Aldrich, J., Martin, F.,
Preemergent control of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) and black medic
(Medicago lupulina L.). Journal of Environmental Horticulture. 15:149-152.

2. Busey, P., Cultural Management of Weeds in Turfgrass. Crop Science
43:1899-1911 (2003).

3. Cocks, P., Dynamics of flower and pod production in annual medics
(Medicago spp.) I. In spaced plants. Australian Journal of Agricultural
Research 41:911-921. 1990.

4. Crawford, E., Nankivell, B., Effect of rotation and cultivation systems
on establishment and persistence of annual medics. Australian Journal of
Experimental Agriculture 29: 183-188. 1989.

5. Leishman, M., Masters, G., Clarke, I., Brown, V., Seed bank dynamics:
the role of fungal pathogens and climate change. Functional Ecology.
14:293-299. 2000.

6. Miller, R., Legume Cover Crops for Northern California. Small Farm News,
Small Farm Center, UC Coop. Ext., UC Davis, July/August 1988.

7. Taylor, G., Ewing, M., Effects of extended (4-12 yrs) burial on seed
softening in subterranean clover and annual medics. Australian Journal of
Experimental Agriculture 36:145-50, 1996.

8. Weitkamp, B., Graves, W., Range Science Report. Department of Agronomy
and Range Science U.C. Davis. No. 9. February 1988.

Genetic characteristics

2n = 16, 32

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Medicago lupulina
DLE новинки

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