Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Epilobium hirsutum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Onagraceae

Epilobium hirsutum


Epilobium hirsutum


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Myrtales

Family: Onagraceae

Genus: Epilobium

Species: E. hirsutum

Plant description

It is a tall, perennial plant,
reaching up to 2 metres in . The robust stems are branched and have
numerous hairs. The hairy leaves are 2-12 cm long and 0.5-3.5 cm wide. They
are long and thin and are widest below the middle. They have sharply-toothed
edges and no stalk. The large flowers have four notched petals. These are
purple-pink and are usually 10-16 mm long. The stigma is white and has four
lobes. The sepals are green.

Diffusion area

Europe, North Africa ,Asia. It
is absent from much of Scandinavia and north-west Scotland. It has been
introduced to North America and Australia


Grows in wet and marshy places,
on calcareous soils in bushes, along springs, sometimes on sands and ruderal
places. Common in the entire country.

Therapeutic actions

Used in kidney disease, bladder
and prostate, as hundreds of healings recorded in advanced cases of prostate
adenoma, nephritis, severe urinary infections. It also has miraculous effects
in the treatment of liver disease in hepatitis, liver failure and even
advanced form original. Antiinflamatory action, hepatoprotective.

The leaves have been used as astringents, but it is some reports of violent
poisoning with epileptic-like convulsions as a result of its use.

Biologically active substances

Flavonoids (glycosides of
miricetolului, cvercetolului and kamferolului), prune tannin, gallic acid
derivatives (oenotherin A and B), β-sitosterol.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Crusin – Frangula alnus Mill.

Cucurbetica – Aristolochia

clematidis L.

Dentita – Bidens tripartita L.

Dracila – Berberis vulgaris L.

Feciorica – Herniaria glabra L.

Feriga – Dryopteris filix-max L.

Frag – Fragaria vesca L.

Galbenele – Calendula officinalis L

Hamei - Humulus lupulus L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


1. Konishi T., Shimada Y., Nagao
T., Okabe H., and Konoshima T. (2002), Antiproliferative sesquiterpene
lactones from the  roots of Inula
helenium. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 25, 1370?1372.

2. Губанов И.А., Киселева К.В., Новиков В.С., Тихомиров В.Н. 2004.
Иллюстрированный определитель растений Средней России. Т.3. М.: Т-во научных
изданий КМК; Ин-т технологических исследований. 520 с.

3. Растительные ресурсы СССР: Цветковые растения, их химический состав, использование.
1993. Семейство Asteraceae (Compositae). СПб.: Наука. 352 с.

4. Флора Сибири. Т.13: Asteraceae (Compositae). 1997 / Под ред.
И.М.Красноборова. Новосибирск: Наука. 472 с.

5. Флора Таджикской ССР. Т.9. 1988 / Под ред. Г.К.Кинзикаевой. Л.: Наука.
568 с.

Genetic characteristics

2n = 18, 36, 54

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Epilobium hirsutum
DLE новинки

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