Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Chenopodium albyum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium albyum

Species


Chenopodium albyum

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Caryophyllales

Family: Chenopodiaceae

Genus: Chenopodium

Species: Chenopodium album


Plant description


ANNUAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by
0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to October,
and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have
both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. It tends to grow
upright at first, reaching s of 10-150 cm (rarely to 3 m), but
typically becomes recumbent after flowering (due to the weight of the foliage
and seeds) unless supported by other plants. The leaves are alternate and can
be varied in appearance. The first leaves, near the base of the plant, are
toothed and roughly diamond-shaped, 3-7 cm long and 3-6 cm broad. The leaves
on the upper part of the flowering stems are entire and lanceolate-rhomboid,
1-5 cm long and 0.4-2 cm broad; they are waxy-coated, unwettable and mealy in
appearance, with a whitish coat on the underside. The small flowers are
radially symmetrical and grow in small cymes on a dense branched
inflorescence 10-40 cm long

Diffusion area


Its native range is obscure due
to extensive cultivation, but includes most of Europe, from where Linnaeus
described the species in 1753. Plants native in eastern Asia are included
under C. album, but often differ from European specimens. It is widely introduced
elsewhere, e.g. Africa, Australasia,[North America and Oceania and now occurs
almost everywhere in soils rich in nitrogen, especially on wasteland.

Ecology


Is common for the meadow
forests, among crops, at the road edges, more rarely salty glades.


Therapeutic actions



Anthelmintic;
Antiphlogistic; Antirheumatic; Contraceptive; Laxative;
Odontalgic.

Fat hen is not employed in herbal medicine, though it does have some gentle
medicinal properties and is a very nutritious and healthy addition to the
diet. The leaves are anthelmintic, antiphlogistic, antirheumatic, mildly
laxative, odontalgic. An infusion is taken in the treatment of rheumatism.
The leaves are applied as a wash or poultice to bug bites, sunstroke,
rheumatic joints and swollen feet, whilst a decoction is used for carious
teeth. The seeds are chewed in the treatment of urinary problems and are
considered useful for relieving the discharge of semen through the urine. The
juice of the stems is applied to freckles and sunburn. The juice of the root
is used in the treatment of bloody dysentery. Food that comprises 25.5% of
the powdered herb may suppress the oestrus cycle.



Biologically active substances



Seeds rich in high in protein,
vitamin A, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium, flavonoids.



Indigenous medicinal plants in databases




Scumpie Ц Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

Siminoc Ц Helichrysum

arenarium DC

Soc Ц Sambucus nigra L.

Sorbestrea Ц Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

Sovarv Ц Origanum vulgare L.

Sporici Ц Verbena officinalis L.

Stejar Ц Quercus robur L.

Sunatoare Ц Hypericum

perforatum L.

Sulfina Ц Melilotus officinalis L.

Stevie Ц Rumex confertus Willd.

Talpa gastii Ц Leonurus cardiaca

Tataneasa Ц Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

Tei Ц Tilia cordata L.

Traista ciobanului Ц Capsella bur

pastoris L.

Trei frati patati Ц Viola tricolor L.

Troscot Ц Polygonum aviculare L

Turita Ц Agrimonia eupatoria L.

Tintaura Ц Centaurium


Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://www.cnmp.ro/ceex/comp1_2006/oferta.php?id=2619

http://www.panda.org/ro/proiecte/agricultura/arnica/

http://www.plante-medicinale.ro/pm/index.php
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/plants/ghana/orgs.htm

http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm


References


Benson, R.B., 1952.
Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b).
  http://www.bioimages.org.uk/html/b60535.htm

Ellis, M.B. and J.P., 1997.
Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook.  
http://www.bioimages.org.uk/html/b59450.htm

Spencer, K.A., 1972. Diptera:
Agromyzidae.   http://www.bioimages.org.uk/html/b60550.htm

Fjelddalen, J., 1964. Aphids
Recorded on Cultivated Plants in Norway 1946-1962.  
http://www.bioimages.org.uk/html/b148898.htm


Genetic characteristics


2n = 54

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Chenopodium albyum
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