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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Atriplex tatarica

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Atriplex tatarica

Species


Atriplex tatarica

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Asterales

Family: Chenopodiaceae

Genus: genus Atriplex

Species: Atriplex tatarica


Plant description


Plant is 10-100 cm in ,
with straight stem that may lie horizontally along the ground. Leaves are
alternate, petiolate, triangular-oblong or ovate-oblong; more seldom they are
narrower, repand-serrate or lociniate; often hairy along the edge, very shortly
apiculate. Flowers are clustered in leafless, terminal, spike-shaped
inflorescences, which are leafy only in their lower part. Antheral flowers
are divided into 5 parts, pistillates are clustered in whorls in groups of
3-20 without perianth and are wrapped in two bracts with a very short stalk,
which intergrows only in the lowest part. Seeds are round, lustrous,
glabrous, and brown. A. tatarica flowers and bears fruit in July-September.
Minimum temperature for seed germination is 3-4C; optimum is 18-22C.

Diffusion area



European part of the Former
Soviet Union (an adventive plant in the north and west), Caucasus, south of
Western Siberia, and Central Asia. General distribution: northern and
southern Europe, Balkan Peninsula, Asia Minor, Iran, Mongolia, Tibet, India,
and the Himalayas. In North America and Australia it is an adventive plant.

Ecology


It is found in orchards, on
fields, along the roads, in the river floodplains, often on salty soils.
Grows in groups.

Therapeutic actions


Antiviral. Diuretic, emetic, is
used in inflammation of the fingers (nail region). It manages to treat
bladder, lungs, liver.


Biologically active substances


Oils


Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


apadie Taraxacum officinalis L

Patlagina Plantago major L.

Pelin Artemisia absinthium L

Piperul baltii Polygonum

hydropiper L.

Pir Agropyron repens P.B.

(Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski )

Plumanarica (mierea ursului)

Pulmonaria officinalis L.

Podbal Tussilago farfara L.

Pochivnic Asarum europaeum

Porumb Zea mays L.

Porumbar Prunus spinosa L.

Revent Rheum palmatum L.

Roiba Rubia tinctorum L.

Roinita Melissa officinalis L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/?term=brassica+napus

http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7661

http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica+napus+napobrassica

http://newcropsdatabase.com/default/index.cfm/new-crops/

References


Keller, B.A., ed. 1934. Weed
plants of the USSR. V. 2. Leningrad: AN SSSR. p.120. (in Russian).

Komarov, V.L. & Shishkin, B.K., eds. 1936. Flora of the USSR. V.6.
Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. p.95-6. (in Russian).

Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. p.164.
(in Russian).

Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS
countries. St.Petersburg: VIR. p.118, 211. (in Russian).

Visyulina, O.D., ed. 1970. Weed plants of Ukraine (reference-identification
guide). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. p. 105-106. (in Ukrainian).

Keller, B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 2. Leningrad: AN SSSR.
p.120. (in Russian).

Komarov, V.L. & Shishkin, B.K., eds. 1936. Flora of the USSR. V.6.
Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. p.95-6. (in Russian).

Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. p.164.
(in Russian).

Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS
countries. St.Petersburg: VIR. p.118, 211. (in Russian).

Visyulina, O.D., ed. 1970. Weed plants of Ukraine (reference-identification
guide). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. p. 105-106. (in Ukrainian).


Genetic characteristics


2n = 18

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Atriplex tatarica
DLE

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