Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Sisymbrium loeselii

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium loeselii


Sisymbrium loeselii


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Capparales

Family: Brassicaceae

Genus: Sisymbrium L.

Species: Sisymbrium loeselii L.

Plant description

Stems - To +1.2m tall, erect,
herbaceous, from large taproot, typically branching above, pilose to hirsute.

Leaves - Alternate, lyrate-pinnatifid, reduced upward, pilose to hirsute,
acute at apex. Lower leaves to 15cm long, 6cm broad. Lobes with coarse
irregular teeth. terminal lobes of upper leaves typically hastate and
truncate at base.

Inflorescence - Dense terminal racemes, greatly elongating in fruit to
+30cm long (tall). Pedicels to 8mm long in flower, slightly longer in fruit,
thin (-1mm in diameter), glabrous.

Flowers - Petals 4, free, clawed, yellow, glabrous. Claw to 3mm long. Limb
to 3mm long and broad, rounded at apex. Stamens 6, 4 longer and 2 shorter,
erect. Filaments to 3.5mm long, glabrous. Anthers yellow, -1mm long. Ovary
green, terete, 3mm long. Stigma capitate. Style very short. Sepals 4, yellow,
spreading, glabrous, linear to linear-oblong, free, 3.5mm long, 1.4mm broad,
with small protrusion at apex and a single pilose hair arising from
protrusion. Fruit a teret silique to 3cm long, 1mm in diameter, glabrous,
with beak of persistent stigma and style.

Diffusion area

Sisymbrium Loeselii or Small
Tumbleweed Mustard‘s floral region is North America US Lower 48, specifically
in the states of California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois,
Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri,
Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Nevada, New York,
Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Washington,
Wisconsin and Wyoming.


Grows on fields, in orchards,
abandoned and ruderal places, along the roads, fences. Common in the entire

Therapeutic actions

Gulyavnika medicinal
preparations used in traditional medicine by mouth with acute respiratory
illnesses, colds, bronchitis, asthma, laryngitis, pneumonia, kidney, bladder,
diarrhea, general weakness, chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency,
chronic colitis, hoarseness, with scurvy , inflammation of the kidneys with
urinary retention; externally - with stomatitis, catarrhal tonsillitis,
wounds and ulcers.

Used in cardiovascular diseases, roots infusion of hypotensive action.
Infusions of leaves and flowers are used in scurvy and scrofulous. Decoction
of plant and seed extracts of alcohol in hypertensive properties: emulsion of
oilseeds - the effect of shielding.

Biologically active substances

The grass plant contains
glycosides, flavonoids (quercetin, izoramnetin), bitterness, tannin (up to
8%), organic acids, volatile mustard oil, ascorbic acid, carotene, minerals
(barium, magnesium, copper, nickel, etc.). In seeds up to 35% of yellow fat
sharp taste.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

 Nalba mare – Althaea officinalis L

 Negrilica – Nigella sativa L.

 Obligeana – Acorus calamus L.

 Odolean – Valeriana officinalis L.

 Osul iepurelui – Ononis spinosa L

 Paducel – Crataegus sanguinea


 Papadie – Taraxacum officinalis L

 Patlagina – Plantago major L.

 Pelin – Artemisia absinthium L

 Piperul baltii – Polygonum

hydropiper L.

 Pir – Agropyron repens P.B.

(Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski )

 Plumanarica (mierea ursului) –

Pulmonaria officinalis L.

 Podbal – Tussilago farfara L.

 Pochivnic – Asarum europaeum

 Porumb – Zea mays L.

 Porumbar – Prunus spinosa L.

 Revent – Rheum palmatum L.

 Roiba – Rubia tinctorum L.

 Roinita – Melissa officinalis L.

 Rostopasca – Chelidonium

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants

Biozentrum Klein Flottbek und
Botanischer Garten der Universität Hamburg

Cambridge University Press 1962

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi

Departament of Plant Pathology, Praha

Institute of Experimental Botany, Praha

University of California, Berkeley



Genetic characteristics

2n = 14

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Sisymbrium loeselii
DLE íîâčíęč

Copyright © Universitatea Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei
Copyright © Gincota Filipp