Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Sisymbrium altissimum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium altissimum


Sisymbrium altissimum


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Capparales

Family: Brassicaceae

Genus: Sisymbrium L.

Species: Sisymbrium altissimum L.

Plant description

Plant 20-80 cm high, stem
coarse, thick, divaricately ramified, with rough simple hairs below, glabrous
or almost glabrous at top. Lower leaves petiolate, densely haired,
pinnatifid, with broad lanceolate lobes; stalk leaves pinnatisect, with long
narrow linear lobes; upper leaves pinnatisect, with narrowly-linear, nearly
filiform lobes. Flowers in loose panicle. Sepals glabrous, lanceolate, 4-5 mm
in length, with broad transparent margins. Petals pale yellow, nearly white
after flowering, 7-9 mm in length. Siliquas long, 5-10 cm,
tetrahedral-cylindrical, erect, spread-apart, located on fruiting pedicel of
5-10 mm long. Seeds small, elliptical, angular, somewhat compressed, yellow.
Weight of 1,000 seeds 0.1-0.2 g. Germination in March-May and in autumn,
autumnal shoots over-wintering. Blossoms in May-July.

Diffusion area

Middle and South Europe, Western
China, Tibet, the Himalaya, Mediterranean area, Asia Minor, Iran, Mongolia;
North America (adventive plant). The European part of the former USSR except
the Far North, Crimea, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, Central Asia.


Is commonly found on fields, at
the road edges, on meadows, glades and sandy or rocky lands.

Therapeutic actions

The infusion of leaves, grass is
used as antiscorbutic and astringent. Young shoots are used as a substitute
for lettuce and spinach. Seeds suitable for producing fatty oil. Herbal
infusion is used in respiratory system diseases, especially pulmonary tuberculosis
and laringita.Se AMI used in ascites and lack renala.Are strong expectorant
and diuretic effect.

Biologically active substances

Seeds contain up to 30% fatty
oil, glycosides, mustard. The plant contains cardenolides, flavonoids,
vitamin C, and rubber.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Coada soricelului Ц Achillea

millefolium L.

Corn Ц Cornus mas L.

Cosaci Ц Astragalus dasyanthus


Cretusca Ц Filipendula ulmaria L

Crusin Ц Frangula alnus Mill.

Cucurbetica Ц Aristolochia

clematidis L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants

Botanical Society of the British Isles;

Research Group Plant Breeding and Propagation, Department of Ornamentals,
Danish Institute of Plant and Soil Science, Denmark and *Section
Horticulture, Department of Agricultural Sciences, The Royal Veterinary and
Agricultural University, Denmark;

Institute of Botany, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev,
Bulgaria; Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of
Trakya, Turkey; Institute of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and
Mathematics, St. Cyril and

Methodius University, Skopje, R Macedonia

Institute of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen K,



Artokhin, K.S. 2004. Atlas of weed plants. Rostov-na-Donu: Kniga, 144 p.
(in Russian).

Bush, N.A., ed. 1939. Flora of the USSR. V. 8. Moscow & Leningrad: AN
SSSR, 696 p. (in Russian).

Keller, B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR.
448 p. (in Russian).

Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka, 454 p.
(in Russian).

Genetic characteristics

2n = 14

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Sisymbrium altissimum
DLE новинки

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