Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Melampyrum arvense

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Melampyrum arvense

Species


Melampyrum arvense

Taxonomy



Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Scrophulariales

Family: Scrophulariaceae

Genus: Melampyrum

Species: Melampyrum arvense

Plant description



This colourful endangered plant
has pale green, toothed and narrow leaves that grow on opposite sides of the
stem. The flowers grow in a spike known as an inflorescence, and are
generally purplish-pink in colour with a yellow throat and lip. Long, thin bracts
also emerge from the flower spike; these can be green, deep pink or white in
colour. A local name for this species is 'poverty weed' as the seeds gave a
bad taste to flour and devalued the price of corn.

Diffusion area


This species was first recorded
in 1724 in Britain, and is probably native to the Isle of Wight, but may be
introduced elsewhere. Never a particularly common species, field cow-wheat
was known from the south and east of England. At present it occurs at just
four sites, in Wiltshire, Bedfordshire and on the Isle of Wight. It has been
deliberately planted at some sites. Elsewhere it occurs in Europe, extending
to the Ural Mountains in the east, southern Sweden in the north and the
northern Mediterranean in the south. In recent years it has declined in
France, Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands.


Ecology


Found in mixed, oak, birch
forests, forest and alpine meadows.

Therapeutic actions



It has insecticidal,
anti-inflammatory and good wound healing effect. Infusion Herbs are used
inside with scrofula, externally - in the form of baths and wash with
scrofula, various rashes and Itch. Minced fresh herb and its powder
accelerates wound healing. Decoction of fruit is used to kill pests.

Biologically active substances



Melampyrum arvense contain
iridoid glucosides: aucubin, melampyroside, mussaenoside, mussaenosidic acid,
8-epi-loganin; flavonoids: apigenin , luteolin , luteolin
7-O-β-glucopyranoside ; a lignan glycoside dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol
9-O-β-glucopyranoside ; and benzoic acid . β-Sitosterol and a fatty acid mixture were identified as
the active principles of the CHCl3 subextract.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Albastrele Ц Centaurea cyanus L.

Albumeala Ц Gnaphalium

uliginosum L.

Alun Ц Corylus avellana L.

Angelica Ц Angelica arhangelica L.

Ardei Ц Capsicum annuum L.

Arin Ц Alnus incana Moanch.

Armurariu Ц Silybum marianum

Gaerth.

Aronie Ц Aronia melanocarpa

(Michx.) Elliot

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



Systematish-Geobotanishes
Institut der Gõttingen, Germani ;

Faculty of Pharmacy, University Yeditepe, Istambul;

UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research, British.

References


www.wikipedia.org

www.plantarium.ru

www.species.wikimedia.org

www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org


Genetic characteristics


2n = 18

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Melampyrum arvense
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