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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Syringa vulgaris

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family:Oleaceae

Syringa vulgaris

Species


Syringa vulgaris

Taxonomy


Kingdom:Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order:Lamiales

Family:Oleaceae

Genus:Syringa

Species:S. vulgaris


Plant description



It is a large deciduous shrub or
multi-stemmed small tree, growing to 6–7 m high, producing secondary shoots
("suckers") with stem diameters of up to 20 cm from the base or
roots, which in the course of decades may produce a small clonal thicket. The
bark is grey to grey-brown, smooth on young stems, longitudinally furrowed
and flaking on older stems. The leaves are simple, 4–12 cm long and 3–8 cm
broad, light green to glaucous, oval to cordate, with pinnate leaf venation,
a mucronate apex and an entire margin. They are arranged in opposite pairs or
occasionally in whorls of three. The flowers have a tubular base to the
corolla 6–10 mm long with an open four-lobed apex 5–8 mm across, usually
lilac to mauve, occasionally white. They are arranged in a dense, terminal
panicle 8-18 cm long. The fruit is a dry, smooth brown capsule, 1–2 cm long,
splitting in two to release the two winged seeds.

Diffusion area


Spread in South-East Europe and Asia.


Ecology



The natural range of the species
covered mountainous areas of Central and Southern Europe, reaching the
Transcarpathian region. Prefers the edge of forests, rocky cliffs and
limestone outcrops. In Russia, this plant covers the forest and steppe zones
of the country.

Therapeutic actions


The plant has medicinal
properties. For this purpose the leaves are harvested, the infusion is
prepared or compresses. The bark has tonic properties and flowers and
soothing the liver colic. Syringa vulgaris tincture is given to malaria,
diarrhea, stomach ulcer, cough, whooping cough, dyspnea, pulmonary
tuberculosis, kidney stones, epilepsy. Mixed with lime flowers is exudative
and antimalarial effect. It manages the AMI rheumatism, neuralgia, erizipel.
Flowers in combination with kerosene is administered outside the radiculitis,
rheumatism.


Biologically active substances


The bark of this species
contains carbohydrates, starch, resins, glucozil phenyl-propene and bitter
substances.

It is identified in the volatile oil extracted from flowers of lilac
following components: lilac aldehyde C (22.13%), lilac aldehyde B (12.56%),
tricozan (7.33%), metoxianisol (6.82% ), alpha-pinene (4.72%), geranil
acetone (3.65%), ocimen (3.47%), elemicin (3.37%), methyl heptenon (3.02%),
izoelemicin (2, 79%), beta-farnesen (1.96%), heptacozan (1.89%), pentacozan
(1.76%), methyleugenol (1.68%), beta-terpinen (1.34%), benzaldehyde ( 1.36%),
hexahidrofarnesil acetone (1.34%), burbonen (1.18%), citral (1.13%),
benzilester (1.10%), beta-cubeben (1.02%), tetrametilheptadecan (0.74%),
cedren (0.69%), methyleugenol (0.61%), nerolidol (0.56%), mirtenal (0.54%)
and Linalool (0.38%).


Indigenous medicinal plants in databases



Talpa gastii – Leonurus cardiaca

 Tataneasa – Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

 Tei – Tilia cordata L.

 Traista ciobanului – Capsella bur

pastoris L.

 Trei frati patati – Viola tricolor L.

 Troscot – Polygonum aviculare L

 Turita – Agrimonia eupatoria L.

 Tintaura – Centaurium

umbellatum Gilib.

 Urzica – Urtica dioica L.

 Verigar – Rhamnus cathartica L.

 Vetrice – Tanacetum vulgare L.

 Vasc – Viscum album L.

 Vinarita – Asperula odorata L.

 Volbura – Convolvulus

arvensis L.

 Zmeur – Rubus idaeus L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/?term=brassica+napus

http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7661

http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica+napus+napobrassica

http://newcropsdatabase.com/default/index.cfm/new-crops/


References


http://www.plante-medicinale.ro/pm/fisa_planta.php

      www.wikypedia.ro

1. Milea Preda - Dicționar dendrofloricol, Editura
științifică și enciclopedică, București - 1989,
pag. 503

2. ^ Dicționarul plantelor de leac, Editura Călin ISBN
978-973-7661-08-1


 Pârvu C. Universul plantelor.
Mica enciclopedie. Editura enciclopedică. Bucureşti 2000. (Syringa
vulgaris  p. 334)



Genetic characteristics


2n = 44, 46

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Syringa vulgaris
DLE íîâčíęč

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