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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Brassica napus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica napus

Species


Brassica napus

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Capparales

Family: Brassicaceae

Genus: Brassica

Species: B. napus


Plant description


Annual or biennial, when sown
late and flowering the following spring, with slender or stout, hard, long,
fusiform tuberous taproot; stems erect, much-branched, up to 1.5 m tall,
often purple toward base; leaves glaucous, the lower ones lyrate-pinnatifid
or lobed, with petioles 10Ц30 cm long, glabrous or with a few bristly hairs,
upper stem leaves lanceolate, sessile, clasping, more or less entire; flowers
pale yellow, 1.2Ц1.5 cm long, open flowers not overtopping buds of
inflorescence; inflorescence much-branched, up to 1 m tall as an elongating
raceme; silique 5Ц11 cm long, 2.5Ц4 mm wide, with slender beak 0.5Ц3 mm long.
Underground part curved or crooked for 5Ц7.5 cm and then dividing into stout
horizontal branches. Fl. late spring to fall; fr. early summer to fall

Diffusion area


Known only as a cultigen, sometimes escaped. Throughout temperate regions.
Cultivated in most European countries, but naturalized in most.


Ecology


It is cultivated in the
variants: var.arvensis and var.napobrassica, from which some of them appear
subspontaneously at the field and road edges.

Therapeutic actions


Roots and leaves have uses in
human medicine. The principles contained in them acts as a diuretic and
dissolving uric antiascorbutic, pectoral emollient, refreshing, refreshing.
Recommended kidney stones gout, cystitis, enteritis, bronchitis, cough, angina,
obesity, general fatigue, eczema, acne. Canola oil (or rapeseed oil) contains
both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in a ratio of 2:1, although flax oil is
higher in omega-3 fatty acid, as are other oils such as Chia (Salvia
hispanica) oil. Canola oil's proponents claim that it is one of the most
heart-healthy oils and has been reported to reduce cholesterol levels, lower
serum tryglyceride levels, and keep platelets from sticking together.
However, only very long chain omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to improve
cholesterol levels, and these are absent from rapeseed oil, so these claims
should be viewed with suspicion unless or until further evidence of their
activity becomes apparent.Rapeseed has been linked with adverse effects in
asthma and hay fever sufferers. Some suggest that oilseed pollen
increases breathing difficulties, but this is unlikely, as rapeseed is an
entomophilous crop, with pollen transfer primarily by insects.Others suggest
that this is caused by the inhalation of rapeseed oil dust, and that
allergies to the pollen are relatively rare.


Biologically active substances


Rape and colza seeds are high in fat and protein and lower
carbohydrates are the main plant with sunflower oil. Lipids are accumulated
and are represented sferozomi triglycerides, phosphatidyl serine,
phosphatidyl inositol and fatty acids. Rape seed lipids containing fatty
acids as follows: 5.6% palmitic acid, stearic acid 1.4%, 58.2% oleic acid,
linoleic acid 22.2%, 8.9% linolenic acid and traces of acid arachidonic acid
and erucic. Erucic acid has adverse effects on the human body and therefore
seeking to reduce its content. The principle toxic, oil-crotonil mustard seed
is found in. Up to seed ripening, the degree of toxicity is very low or
absent. Rapeseed cake should be taken with great caution and only dried.
Toxic principle appears after moistening, decomposing mirozina allyl
glycosides, resulting in the isocyanate crotonil


Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Coada soricelului Ц Achillea

millefolium L.

Corn Ц Cornus mas L.

Cosaci Ц Astragalus dasyanthus

Pall.

Cretusca Ц Filipendula ulmaria L

Crusin Ц Frangula alnus Mill.

Cucurbetica Ц Aristolochia

clematidis L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/?term=brassica+napus

http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7661

http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Brassica+napus+napobrassica

http://newcropsdatabase.com/default/index.cfm/new-crops/


References


1. "Brassica napus
information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov.
http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7661. Retrieved
2008-03-27.

2. OED Online

3. Canola-quality Brassica juncea, a new oilseed crop for the Canadian prairies.
DA Potts, GW Rakow, DR Males Ч New Horizons for an old crop. Proc 10th Intl
Rapeseed Congr, Canberra, Australia, 1999

4. http://www.openmarket.org/2007/11/12/biofuel-mandates-cause-global-warming-scientists-say/

5. Chardin H, Mayer C, Sénéchal H, Tepfer M, Desvaux FX,
Peltre G (June 2001). "Characterization of high-molecular-mass allergens
in oilseed rape pollen". International Archives of Allergy and
Immunology 125 (2): 128Ц34. doi:10.1159/000053806. PMID 11435729.

6. Chardin H, Mayer C, Sénéchal H, et al. (May 2003).
"Polygalacturonase (pectinase), a new oilseed rape allergen".
Allergy 58 (5): 407Ц11. doi:10.1034/j.1398-9995.2003.00094.x. PMID
12752327.

7. Suh CH, Park HS, Nahm DH, Kim HY (September 1998). "Oilseed rape
allergy presented as occupational asthma in the grain industry".
Clinical and Experimental Allergy 28 (9): 1159Ц63.
doi:10.1046/j.1365-2222.1998.00349.x. PMID 9761021.

8. Monsanto Press Release, March 19, 2008.
http://www.monsanto.ca/about/news/2008/03_19_08.asp

9. "The www.brassica.info website for the Multinational Brassica
Genome Project". http://www.brassica.info.


Genetic characteristics


2n = 38, 76

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Brassica napus
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