Med Plant Data Base

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Family

Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Brassica juncea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica juncea

Species


Brassica juncea

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Capparales

Family: Brassicaceae

Genus: Brassica

Species: B. juncea


Plant description


Plant herbaceous, annual,
cross-fertilized, xeromezophilic to mesophilic, moderately thermophilic, at
pH amfitolerant. Root are slim. Stems 100-150 cm high, more are less hairy at
the base, above glabrata, poorly branched. Lower leaves, irregularly-toothed
incisor. Yellow flowers open, clustered in a dense raceme. Flowering V-VIII.
Entomophilic polarization. Fruit 2.5 to 5.0 cm long with 16-20 small seeds.
Pods are smooth and convex, containing up to a dozen Semitic. Mustard pods
should be harvested before exploding, Mustard Brown is much more pungent than
white, but less than black

Diffusion area


North Africa, East Asia


Ecology



It is used in the preparation of
mustard. Grows in cultivated and ruderal places, along the roads. It is an
adventitious plant and still less spread.

Therapeutic actions



This plant is used to remove
heavy metals from the soil in hazardous waste sites because it has a higher
tolerance for these substances and stores the heavy metals in its cells. The
plant is then harvested and disposed of properly. This method is easier and
less expensive than traditional methods for the removal of heavy metals.It
also prevents erosion of soil from these sites preventing further
contamination.

Anodyne; Antibiotic; Aperient; Diuretic; Emetic; Galactogogue; Rubefacient;
Stimulant.

Although not usually used medicinally, the seed is a warming stimulant herb
with antibiotic effects. Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic,
rubefacient, and stimulant, Brown Mustard is a folk remedy for arthritis,
foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. The seed is used in the treatment of
tumours in China. In Korea, the seeds are used in the treatment of abscesses,
colds, lumbago, rheumatism, and stomach disorders. The root is used as a
galactagogue in Africa. Ingestion may impart a body odour repellent to
mosquitoes. Mustard oil is used in the treatment of skin eruptions and
ulcers. Believed to be aperient and tonic, the volatile oil is used as a
counterirritant and stimulant. In Java the plant is used as an antisyphilitic
emmenagogue. Leaves applied to the forehead are said to relieve headache. The
Chinese eat the leaves in soups for bladder, inflammation or
haemorrhage.

Biologically active substances


Seeds contain fat (35-40%),
essential oil (0.5 to 1.7%), protein substances, and minerals.


Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Brusture Arctium lappa L.

CastanAesculus hippocastanum L

Calin Viburnum opulus L.

Catina Hippophae rhamnoides L.

Cerentel Geum urbanum L.

Cicoare Cichorium intybus L.

Cimbrisor Thymus serpyllum L

Cimbru Thymus vulgaris L.

Ciubotica cucului Primula veris L.

Coacaz Ribes nigrum L.

Coada calului Equisetum

arvense L

Coada soricelului Achillea

millefolium L

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



http://www.cnmp.ro/ceex/comp1_2006/oferta.php?id=2619

http://www.panda.org/ro/proiecte/agricultura/arnica/

http://www.plante-medicinale.ro/pm/index.php
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/plants/ghana/orgs.htm

http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm

http://www.plant-medicine.com
http://www.pfaf.org/database/index.php

http://www.floridaplants.com/mdata.htm
http://www.sristi.org/wsa/plantdb/index.php

http://202.127.158.9/scripts/ccmpcgi.exe?_cfg=c:/InetPub/

wwwroot/cbisdb/ccmpe/ccmpe.cfg

http://www.progenebio.in/DMP/DMP.htm

http://www.mappa-asia.org/index.php?id=17

http://www.travolekar.ru/diction.htm

http://www.hewo.com/en/plant.aspx

http://www.pl.barc.usda.gov

References



1. Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton,
O.A. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA
Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen.

2. Everitt, J.H.; Lonard, R.L., Little, C.R. (2007). Weeds in South Texas
and Northern Mexico. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press. ISBN
0-89672-614-2

Genetic characteristics



2n = 36

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Brassica juncea
DLE

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