Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
»

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Galium verum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Rubiales » Family: Rubiaceae

Galium verum

Species


Galium verum

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Rubiales

Family: Rubiaceae

Genus: Galium

Species: G. verum

Plant description


Lady's Bedstraw or Yellow
Bedstraw) is a herbaceous perennial plant of the family Rubiaceae, native to
Europe and Asia. It is a low scrambling plant, with the stems growing to
60-120 cm long, frequently rooting where they touch the ground. The leaves
are 1-3 cm long and 2 mm broad, shiny dark green, hairy underneath, borne in
whorls of 8-12. The flowers are 2-3 mm in diameter, yellow, and produced in
dense clusters.It is related to the plant Cleavers, or Sticky Willy (Gallium
Aparine).

Diffusion area


Europe, Asia

Ecology


Is found in forest meadows, in
meadows, forest edges, abandoned fields, on the rocky shores of rivers,
steppes.

Therapeutic actions



Antispasmodic;  Astringent; 
Diuretic;  Foot care;  Lithontripic;  Vulnerary. Lady's bedstraw has a long
history of use as a herbal medicine, though it is little used in modern
medicine. Its main application is as a diuretic and as a treatment for skin
complaints. The leaves, stems and flowering shoots are antispasmodic,
astringent, diuretic, foot care, lithontripic and vulnerary. The plant is
used as a remedy in gravel, stone or urinary disorders and is believed to be
a remedy for epilepsy. A powder made from the fresh plant is used to soothe
reddened skin and reduce inflammationwhilst the plant is also used as a
poultice on cuts, skin infections, slow-healing wounds etc. The plant is
harvested as it comes into flower and is dried for later use. A number of
species in this genus contain asperuloside, a substance that produces
coumarin and gives the scent of new-mown hay as the plant drie. Asperuloside
can be converted into prostaglandins (hormone-like compounds that stimulate
the uterus and affect blood vessels), making the genus of great interest to
the pharmaceutical industry.

Biologically active substances



Iridoid coumarins, including
asperuloside; flavonoids; tannins, citric acid, gallotanic acid.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases



Scumpie – Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

 Siminoc – Helichrysum

arenarium DC

 Soc – Sambucus nigra L.

 Sorbestrea – Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

 Sovarv – Origanum vulgare L.

 Sporici – Verbena officinalis L.

 Stejar – Quercus robur L.

 Sunatoare – Hypericum

perforatum L.

 Sulfina – Melilotus officinalis L.

 Stevie – Rumex confertus Willd.

 Talpa gastii – Leonurus cardiaca

 Tataneasa – Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

 Tei – Tilia cordata L.

 Traista ciobanului – Capsella bur

pastoris L.

 Trei frati patati – Viola tricolor L.

 Troscot – Polygonum aviculare L

 Turita – Agrimonia eupatoria L.

 Tintaura – Centaurium

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



1. College of Bioscience and
Biotechnology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou , China.

2. School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Shenyang Pharmaceutical
University, Shenyang, China.

3. Research Department of Natural Medicine, Shenyang Pharmaceutical
University, Shenyang, China.

4. Vascular plant collection database

5. Chromosome Number Database

References



1. Benson, R.B., 1952.  Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section
(b).

2. Cox, M.L., 2007.  Atlas of the
Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland.

3. Ellis, M.B. and J.P., 1997. 
Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook.

4. Legon, N.W. and Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. and
Watling, R., 2005.  Checklist of the
British and Irish Basidiomycota.

5. Southwood, T.R.E. and Leston, D., 1959. 
Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles.

Genetic characteristics


2n=22, 44 chromosomes

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Galium verum
DLE íîâèíêè

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