Med Plant Data Base

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Family

Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Galium mollugo

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Rubiales » Family: Rubiaceae

Galium mollugo

Species


Galium mollugo

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rubiales

Family: Rubiaceae

Genus: Galium

Species: G. album

Plant description


This adventive perennial plant
is 12½' long and unbranched, except near the inflorescence. The lower
stem is often decumbent along the ground, while the upper stem and
inflorescence are more or less erect. In the absence of support from adjacent
vegetation, this plant has a tendency to sprawl. The central stem is
glabrous, 4-angled, and often furrowed; it becomes slightly swollen where the
whorls of leaves occur. Each whorl has 6-8 leaves; these whorls of leaves
become rather widely spaced as the central stem elongates. Each leaf is up to
1" long and ¼" across (or slightly larger). It is oblong or
oblanceolate, glabrous, and smooth along its margin; sometimes this margin is
slightly ciliate. There is a single prominent vein along its upper surface.
The foliage of this plant lacks any stiff or clinging hairs. The central stem
terminates in a panicle of cymes up to 1' long. This panicle is longer than
it is broad and contains a multitude of small white flowers. There is often a
pair of small leaves (or leafy bracts) at the base of each cyme along the
central flowering stalk. Each flower is about 1/6" across. It has a
white corolla with 4 lobes (rarely 3) and a pair of ovoid carpels at its base
that are green, hairless, and joined together. The throat of the corolla is
quite narrow, from which there protrudes a pair of styles. Each lobe of the
corolla becomes pointed at its tip. The blooming period occurs from late
spring to mid-summer, and lasts about 1 month. Some plants bloom later than
others. Each carpel contains a seed that is convex on one side and concave on
the other. The root system is rhizomatous and can produce numerous vegetative
offsets.

Diffusion area



Found in pastures, grassy banks,
etc., especially on dry calcareous soils. In Britain G. album is local in
lowland England, rare in the north and very rare in Scotland.

Ecology


Is found in birch and mixed
forests, on forest edges, forest meadows, roadsides, railway
embankments.

Therapeutic actions



The plant is lithontripic and
vulnerary. It is also used in the treatment of epilepsy and hysteria. A
number of species in this genus contain asperuloside, a substance that
produces coumarin and gives the scent of new-mown hay as the plant dries.
Asperuloside can be converted into prostaglandins (hormone-like compounds
that stimulate the uterus and affect blood vessels), making the genus of
great interest to the pharmaceutical industry. Like antispasmodic; lithontripic; vulnerary.

The plant is lithontripic and vulnerary. It is also used in the treatment
of epilepsy and hysteria. A number of species in this genus contain
asperuloside, a substance that produces coumarin and gives the scent of
new-mown hay as the plant dries. Asperuloside can be converted into
prostaglandins (hormone-like compounds that stimulate the uterus and affect
blood vessels), making the genus of great interest to the pharmaceutical
industry.

Biologically active substances



Herbicides including 2,4-D,
dicamba, fluroxypyr, gyphosate, MCPA, or dichloroprop have been used with
some success for control of smooth bedstraw but it has been found that a high
rate of applications is necessary for an effective control. Triclopyr works
but has restrictions for subsequent grazing and haying

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases



Marar Anethum graveolens L.

Mesteacan Betula pendula
Roth.

(B.verrucosa Ehrh.)

Mur Rubus caesius L.

Musetel Chamomilla recutita L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://www.medicultau.com/boli-si-tratamente/tratamente-cu-plante-medicinale/index.php

http://www.plante-medicinale.org/

http://www.pravaliata.ro/plante.htm


http://www.vladimed.ro/enciclopedia-plantelor-medicinale-spontane-romania-p-76.html


http://www.kodges.ru/7678-lekarstvennye-rastenija-rossii.-polnyjj-registr.html

http://all-ebooks.com/2009/10/07/68519-lekarstvennye-rastenija.html


References



1. Benson, R.B., 1952. Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section
(b).

2. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. and Moore, D.M., 1985. Flora of the British Isles.

3. Ellis, M.B. and J.P., 1997.
Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook.

4. Ing, B., 1990. An Introduction to
British Powdery Mildews.

5. Legon, N.W. and Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. and
Watling, R., 2005. Checklist of the
British and Irish Basidiomycota.

6. Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. and Palmer, J.M., 1976. Thysanoptera.

7. Spencer, K.A., 1972. Diptera:
Agromyzidae.

8. Spooner, B.M., 2001. New British
Records 187: Pyrenopeziza galii Fuckel.

Genetic characteristics


2n=22, 44 chromosomes

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Galium mollugo
DLE

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