Med Plant Data Base

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Family

Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Veronica arvensis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Veronica arvensis

Species


Veronica arvensis

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Scrophulariales

Family: Scrophulariaceae

Genus: Veronica

Species: V.arvensis

Plant description


Stems 5-30 cm tall, simple or
branched spreadingly, weak, thin, straight or sit up and rising.

Leaves alternate or opposite, including 2-4 pairs of long, 5-13 (20) mm,
4-10 mm, cordate-ovate, entire, with 3-5 veins, lower stem with a
length of 1-4 mm, upper almost sessile, gradually pass into bracts cauline
leaves, whole, on the edge of the jagged or notched, obtuse, at base rounded
or slightly cordate, glabrous or scattered pilose.

Brush often multiflorous, apical, sometimes axillary brush, at first thick,
and elongating in fruit and loose. Bracts oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate to
linear, obtuse, entire or ovate-lanceolate at the base with a few teeth,
nearly equal to or greater than the flowers, pedicels 0,5-1 mm in length and
a half to two times shorter than the calyx, elongating in fruit, longer than
the calyx and bracts. Calyx 3-4 mm long, zhelezistoopushennaya, almost to the
base is divided into 4 lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, obtuse lobes, two of
which are larger than others, is equal to or twice as long as the capsule;
corolla pale blue, 2-5 mm long, with two widely ovate obtuse lobes, one
ovate-reniform and one oblong shares; corolla tube very short, with five
veins.

Capsule 3-4 mm long, shorter than the calyx, compressed, obcordate,
bilobat, with rounded lobes, with acute or obtuse deep notch at the base of a
slightly wedge-shaped, ciliate on the edge, zhelezistoopushennaya. Seeds
numerous, ovoid, yellowish, smooth or slightly transversely wrinkled, about 1
mm long, a of about 0.5 mm, with a small scar in the middle.

Diffusion area


AFRICA

Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands

Northern Africa: Algeria [n. ]; Morocco; Tunisia

ASIA-TEMPERATE

Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon;
Syria; Turkey - Antalya, Bolu, Bursa, Izmir, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya,
Mugla, Rize, Samsun, Sivas, Trabzon, Urfa

Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia,
Dagestan

Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan


ASIA-TROPICAL

Indian Subcontinent: India [n. w. ]; Pakistan

EUROPE

Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United
Kingdom

Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary;
Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland

East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian
Federation - European part; Ukraine

Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania; Turkey -
Edirne, Istanbul

Southwestern Europe: France [incl.
Corsica]; Portugal; Spain

Ecology


Is common on glades, cultivated
places, pastures, hay fields, on field road edges and crop zones.

Therapeutic actions


As diuretic, used in
purification, cholesterol, prevents arteriosclerosis, stimulates digestion,
reduces gastric acidity and excess intestinal secretions, it regulates bowel,
hepatobiliary function help, combat anxiety, improves memory, reduced
intellectual fatigue, improves circulation cerebralainlatura melancholy mood,
depression, has action is effective in soothing dry chronic bronchitis,
soothes cough, regenerating action, healing, anti-inflammatory, speeds
healing.

The herb is alterative, antiscorbutic and diuretic. It is used in the
treatment of scurvy, impurities of the blood etc. It is also used as a remedy
for scrofulous affections, especially of the skin, and is bruised and applied
externally for healing burns, ulcers, whitlows and the mitigation of painful
piles.

Biologically active substances


Volatile oils, glycosides type
aucubinic (iridoide) saponozide, tannins, caffeic acid, vanilla, protocatehic
acid, bitter principles, choline, acetylcholine, inositol.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Stevie Rumex confertus Willd.

Talpa gastii Leonurus cardiaca

Tataneasa Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

Tei Tilia cordata L.

Traista ciobanului Capsella bur

pastoris L.

Trei frati patati Viola tricolor L.

Troscot Polygonum aviculare L

Turita Agrimonia eupatoria L.

Tintaura Centaurium

umbellatum Gilib.

Urzica Urtica dioica L.

Verigar Rhamnus cathartica L.

Vetrice Tanacetum vulgare L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://bsapm.moldnet.md/Baza_de_date/Roman/Meniubd.htm

http://bsapm.moldnet.md/Romana/index_h.html
http://www.salvaeco.org/plante
http://www2.viniti.ru
http://belal.by/Basesr.html
http://www.prometeus.nsc.ru/mba/db.ssi
http://www.springerlink.com
http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=80593&tip=sid&clean=0

http://www2.viniti.ru/
http://www.medicultau.com/boli-si-tratamente/tratamente-cu-plante-medicinale/index.php

http://www.plante-medicinale.org/

http://www.pravaliata.ro/plante.htm

http://www.vladimed.ro/enciclopedia-plantelor-medicinale-spontane-romania-p-76.html

http://www.kodges.ru/7678-lekarstvennye-rastenija-rossii.-polnyjj-registr.html

http://all-ebooks.com/2009/10/07/68519-lekarstvennye-rastenija.html

http://www.booksgid.com/other/7339-.html

References


12. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995.
Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). (L USSR)


13. Davis, P. H., ed. 19651988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean
islands. (F Turk) [= Pseudolysimachion spicatum (L.) Opiz].

14. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen,
14. Auflage. (Zander ed14)

15. Fischer, M. 1974. Phyton (Horn) 16:31. [= Pseudolysimachion spicatum
(L.) Opiz].

16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].

17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of
gardening. (Dict Gard)

18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 19341964. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)

19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. (Hortus 3)

20. Scoggan, H. J. 19781979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)

21. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)

22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 19641980. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Genetic characteristics


2n=16 chromosomes.

Gathering place (figure should be increased)


Veronica arvensis
DLE

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