Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Galega officinalis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Galega officinalis


Galega officinalis


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Galega

Species: G. officinalis

Plant description

Perennial, Herbs, Taproot
present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall,
Stems solid, Stems or young twigs glabrous or sparsely glabrate, Stems or
young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules
conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous,
Stipules persistent, Stipules free, Stipules cordate, lobed, or sagittate,
Leaves compound, Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets
opposite, Leaflets 5-9, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves glabrous or nearly so,
Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Inflorescence terminal,
Bracts conspicuously present, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx
glabrous, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals
pinkish to rose, Petals blue, lavander to purple, or violet, Banner petal
ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Keel tips
obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens monadelphous, united
below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Style persistent in fruit, Fruit a
legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight,
Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit compressed between seeds, Fruit torulose or
moniliform, strongly constricted between seeds, Fruit beaked, Fruit 3-10
seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive,
brown, or black.

Diffusion area

Western Europe, Southern Europe
(Mediterranean), Asia Minor, South-West Asia (Iran).


This plant is commonly found
through orchards, ditches, on benches and wet pastures, among reeds, in
groves. Grows in groups.

Therapeutic actions

Extracts of leaves and flowers
have diuretic and hypoglycaemic action. Galegin alkaloid, reduces the
carbohydrate content of blood. It is used to stimulate lactation, diabetes
and chronic constipation. Internal Use: The leaves are antispasmodic effect,
breathing, seeds have anti-inflammatory properties, antidiareice. Goat's rue
was once important in the treatment of plague, fevers and infectious
diseases. It is still used in modern herbalism, though mainly for its effect
in promoting milk-flow in lactating mothers (it has been shown to increase
the flow of milk in cows and goats by 35 - 50% and for its positive effect on
the digestive system. The plant contains galegine, an alkaloid that strongly
reduces blood sugar levels which make it useful in the treatment of diabetes.
The leaves and flowering tops are diaphoretic, diuretic, galactogogue and
hypoglycaemic. It has also been used in the treatment of fevers. It is taken
internally to treat insufficient lactation, late-onset diabetes, pancreatitis
and digestive problems, especially chronic constipation caused by a lack of
digestive enzymes. The plant is harvested as it is just coming into flower
and is dried for later use. Some caution is advised, see notes above on

Biologically active substances

Strains contains: sterols
(daucosterol), ureids (allantoin), coumarin derivatives (medicagol), pigments
flavonoids (quercetin, routine kampferol) and alkaloids
(4-hidroxigalegină, deoxivascină, deoxivascinonă,
galegină, hidroxigalegină, vascină and vascinonă). The
flowers contain saponins, tannins and flavonoid pigments (quercitrină).
The seeds are rich in alkaloids: 4-hidroxigalegin, deoxivascin,
deoxivascinon, galegin, vascin and vascinon alongsid which are glucozids

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Scumpie Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

Siminoc Helichrysum

arenarium DC

Soc Sambucus nigra L.

Sorbestrea Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

Sovarv Origanum vulgare L.

Sporici Verbena officinalis L.

Stejar Quercus robur L.

Sunatoare Hypericum

perforatum L.

Sulfina Melilotus officinalis L.

Stevie Rumex confertus Willd.

Talpa gastii Leonurus cardiaca

Tataneasa Symphytum

officinale Lepech.

Tei Tilia cordata L.

Traista ciobanului Capsella bur

pastoris L.

Trei frati patati Viola tricolor L.

Troscot Polygonum aviculare L

Turita Agrimonia eupatoria L.

Tintaura Centaurium

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


1. . . .
. - --, 1980. - . 2. - 350 .

2. .. Galega.
. - .-.: , 1952. - .5, - 234-235 .

3. . . .
- :, 1958. - . 3. - 292 .

4. . ., ..
. - .: , 1981. - 335 .

5. . .
. - : , 1991. - 192 .

6. . /
. .. . - .: , 1987. - . VI. - 254 c.

7. . Galega L. /
. . . . - .-.,: , - 1945. - . XI. . 303-304.

8. ^ a b Lasseigne, Alex (2003), Invasive PLants of the Eastern United
States: Galega sp., US Department of Agriculture,

9. ^ Witters LA. The blooming of the French lilac. J Clin Invest 2001;108:11051107.
DOI 10.1172/JCI200114178.

10. ^ Bailey CJ, Campbell IW, Chan JCN, Davidson JA, Howlett HCS, Ritz P
(eds). 2007. Metformin: the Gold Standard. A Scientific handbook; Chichester:
Wiley. Chapter 1: Galegine and antidiabetic plants.

11. ^ Nathan DM, Buse JB, Davidson MB, Ferrannini E, Holman RR, Sherwin R,
Zinman B; American Diabetes Association; European Association for Study of
Diabetes. Medical management of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes: a consensus
algorithm for the initiation and adjustment of therapy: a consensus statement
of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the
Study of Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2009;32:193-203.

12. ^ Salpeter S, Greyber E, Pasternak G, Salpeter E. Risk of fatal and
nonfatal lactic acidosis with metformin use in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006 Jan 25;(1):CD002967.

13. ^ Bailey CJ, Day, C. Metformin: its botanical background. Practical
Diabetes Int 2004;21:115-7.

Genetic characteristics

2n=16 chromosomes

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Galega officinalis

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