Med Plant Data Base

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Family

Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Glechoma hederacea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family: Lamiaceae

Glechoma hederacea

Species


Glechoma hederacea

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Lameales

Family: Lameaceae

Genus: Glechoma

Species: G. hederacea

Plant description


Perennial. Plant glabrous or
very slightly pubescent, the stems 20-50 cm long, glabrous or the ribs with
very short, appressed, hairs bent down, prostrate or ascending with numerous
stems rooting, lower stem leaves with petioles 5-6 cm long, almost equal to
the plate, the leaves on the edge crenate, reniform or orbicular reniform,
reniform-cordate. The flowers are collected on 3-4 in the axils of middle and
upper leaves, bracts shorter than the peduncles, filamentous 1-1,5 mm long,
corolla bluish-purple, 10-18 mm long, usually up to 2-2,5 times the cup, a
cup of narrow , tubular, with triangular teeth, suddenly finely acuminate,
3-4 times shorter than tube; nutlets brown, 2 mm long. Blooming V-VII.

Diffusion area


America, the Caucasus, the Far
East (south), Central Asia, Scandinavia (south), Central and Atlantic Europe,
Mediterranean, Asia Minor, Japan, China, Australia, Africa.

Ecology


This plant grows in forests,
bushes, orchards, shady and wet places. Grows in groups or like spots,
covering sometimes all the soil on whitch grows.

Therapeutic actions


Human Medicine - whole plant
powder, tea or syrup has therapeutic action in urinary diseases, respiratory,
digestive, liver and kidney diseases, external injuries apply. Veterinary
Medicine - plant, powdered, is vermifuge for horses. Ground ivy is a safe and
effective herb that is used to treat many problems involving the mucous
membranes of the ear, nose, throat and digestive system. A well-tolerated
treatment it can be given to children to clear lingering catarrh and to treat
chronic conditions such as glue ear and sinusitis. Throat and chest problems,
especially those due to excess catarrh, also benefit from this remed. The
leaves and flowering stems are anodyne, antiphlogistic, appetizer,
astringent, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, pectoral, gently stimulant, tonic
and vermifuge. They are best harvested in May whilst still fresh, and are
dried for later use. The leaves are used in the treatment of hypersensitivity
in children and are useful in the treatment of kidney diseases and
indigestion. Applied externally, the expressed juice speeds the healing of
bruises and black eyes. Use with caution.

Biologically active substances


The main substances identified
in this species are herba: tannins, saponins, resins, sterols
(β-sitosterol), amino acids, salicylic alcohol (saligenin),
sesquiterpenoid lactones (glecomanolid), alkaloids (glecomin) and minerals.
He also identified the presence of the following substances: diterpene:
marrubin. Triterpenes: Asiatic acid, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid. Phenolic
acids: caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, p-cumaric acid, acid
synapses, rosmarinic acid. Volatile oil (10-60 mg / 100 g) contains:
amirină α-, β-amirină, borneol, bornil acetate,
β-burbonen, α-cadinol, camfen, p-cimen, β-elementary,
elementary-γ, germacren B, D germacren, izomentonă,
izopinocamfonă, α-pinene, β-pinene, α-terpineol,
1,8-cineol, Linalool, limonene, menthol, mircenol, mirtenal, octen-3-ol,
3-octanol, cis-ocimen , pinocarvone, pulegonă, sabinen, terpinen-4-ol.
Pigments: apigenin, apigenin-3-glucoside, apigenin-7-glucoside (cosmosiin),
quercetin galactozid (hiperozid), quercetin-3-glucoside (routine),
izoquercitină, luteolin, luteolin-7-0-glucoside (cimarozid).

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Maces Rosa canina L.

Malin Padus avium Mill.

Marar Anethum graveolens L.

Mesteacan Betula pendula Roth.

(B.verrucosa Ehrh.)

Mur Rubus caesius L.

Musetel Chamomilla recutita L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


http://www.kcweb.com/herb/milkt.htm

http://www.pitt.edu/~cbw/herb.html

http://www.phytosolution.com/

http://www.drugbank.ca/

References


1. I. .,
.., .. - 'i. i: , 1988. 371 .

2. . . .. :
, 1987. . 331.

3. , . 4. . .. .-.: , 1935. 114
.

4. , . 25. . .. .-.: , 1959. 631 .

5. .. . .: , 1975. 256 .


6. -Skalińska M. et al. 1964. Additions to chromosome numbers of
Polish Angiosperms (Fifth contribution). Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 33,
45-76.

Genetic characteristics


2n= 24,36 chromosomes

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Glechoma hederacea
DLE

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