Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Dianthus capitatus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus capitatus

Species


Dianthus capitatus

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Caryophyllales

Family: Caryophyllaceae

Genus: Dianthus

Species: Dianthus capitatus

Plant description



Perennial herb, stems 30-90 cm
high, green-gray, glabra, in the lignificata, branched, swollen below the
nodes, leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate, 2-5 mm wide, the margins entire;
actinomorfe flowers, solitary or in dicazii large, odoriferous, based gamosepal
calyx tube, there are four folio long as the calyx tube, Arista finished with
a green, short, fruit - capsule denticulata calyx tube that remains closed.

Diffusion area



Balkans, the Crimea, Western
Transcaucasia (Novorossiysk, Gelendzhik). It grows in prairies,
meadows.

Ecology



Can be found in rocky, dry and
grassy places. Grows solitarily.

Therapeutic actions



Extracted from flowers have
antispasmotic effect, cardiotonic and diaforetic. Extracts are prescribed to
treat coronary heart disease and nerve. They are also used in perfume
industry. Other uses: Human Medicine (Folk): flowers - tea against colds and
twitter; root - leaven in brandy - to treat "galbinarii" or
infected wounds wash. - Is given in pneumonia and dental pain.

Biologically active substances



Extracted from carnation flowers
contain eugenol, β-phenyl ethyl alcohol, benzyl benzoate, methyl
salicylate and benzyl salicylate. Flower color is due this anthocyans were
identified pelargonidin 3 - (6-malilglucozidul) and cianidin 3 - (6-malilglucozidul).
Organs containing air and a mono-C-glicozilflavonoid called isoscoparina
(5,7,4 '-Ome triOH 6-Glc. ).

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Hrean Ц Armoracia rusticana

Gaerth., Meyt

Iarba mare Ц Inula helenium L.

Iarba rosie - Polygonum

persicaria L.

Iedera - Hedera helix L.

Ienupar Ц Juniperus communis L.

Ipcarige Ц Gypsophila paniculata L

Izma buna Ц Mentha piperita L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



http://www.cnmp.ro/ceex/comp1_2006/oferta.php?id=2619

http://www.panda.org/ro/proiecte/agricultura/arnica/

http://www.plante-medicinale.ro/pm/index.php†
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/plants/ghana/orgs.htm

http://www.rain-tree.com/plants.htm

References



http://www.molbiol.ru/pictures/222780.html

http://www.jcbi.ru/eco1/show_doc.php?id=777

http://www.plantarium.ru/page/view/item/13072.html

Genetic characteristics



2n=30 chromosomes

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Dianthus capitatus

DLE новинки

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