Med Plant Data Base

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Family

Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Stellaria media

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Stellaria media

Species


Stellaria media

Taxonomy


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Caryophyllales

Family: Caryophyllaceae

Genus: Stellaria

Species: media (L.)

Plant description


Root
is thin, ramified. Stem is usually prostrate, 5-30 (40) cm long, round, one
row of hairs, often twisting, developing roots at the nodes. Cotyledons are
tender, light green, lanceolate, tapering into the petiole. Foliage leaves
are opposite in pairs, small, pointed-ovate, tip often dot-shaped black,
lower leaves petiolate, petioles with a comb of hair. Flowers are white,
small, star-like, pedunculate, in terminal and in forks. Boll is ovate or
oblong, longer than the calyx. Seeds are numerous, rounded or reniform,
squeezed, brown. Seed germination depth is 1-2 cm. Seeds per plant: 15,000
(10,000-20,000). Seeds maintain their ability to germinate in soil for 2-5
years. Propagates with rooted stems as well. Germination period is from early
spring until first autumn frosts. Yields 2-3 generations in a summer.

Diffusion area


Nearly cosmopolitan. Nearly all
Europe and Asia, except Arctic regions, Northern America. Nearly all regions
of the former USSR, except deserts of Central Asia.

Ecology


It is common for shady,
cultivated or uncultivated places, especially near the settlements. Common in
the entire country.

Therapeutic actions



The plant has analgesic effect,
antiinflammatory, healing, tonic, pacemaker, stimulating metabolism,
favorably affect the central nervous system. Astringent;
Carminative; Demulcent;
Depurative; Diuretic; Emmenagogue; Expectorant; Galactogogue; Kidney;
Laxative; Ophthalmic;

Poultice; Refrigerant; Vulnerary.

Chickweed has a very long history of herbal use, being particularly
beneficial in the external treatment of any kind of itching skin condition.
It has been known to soothe severe itchiness even where all other remedies
have failed. In excess doses chickweed can cause diarrhoea and vomiting. It
should not be used medicinally by pregnant women. The whole plant is
astringent, carminative, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, refrigerant,
vulnerary. Taken internally it is useful in the treatment of chest complaints
and in small quantities it also aids digestion. It can be applied as a
poultice and will relieve any kind of roseola and is effective wherever there
are fragile superficial veins. An infusion of the fresh or dried herb can be
added to the bath water and its emollient property will help to reduce
inflammation - in rheumatic joints for example - and encourage tissue repair.

Biologically active substances



The plant contains saponins,
vitamin E, ascorbic acid (114 mg%), carotene (up to 24 mg%), tannins,
flavonoids, lipids, minerals (especially a lot of potassium) and other
substances.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases


Revent Rheum palmatum L.

Roiba Rubia tinctorum L.

Roinita Melissa officinalis
L.

Rostopasca Chelidonium

majus L.

Salcam galben Sophora

japonica L.

Salcie Salix alba L.

Salvie Salvia officinalis L.

Sapunarita Saponaria

officinalis L.

Sclipeti Potentilla erecta
L.

Scorus Sorbus aucuparia L.

Scumpie Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

Siminoc Helichrysum

arenarium DC

Soc Sambucus nigra L.

Sorbestrea Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

Sovarv Origanum vulgare L.

Sporici Verbena officinalis
L.

Stejar Quercus robur L.

Sunatoare Hypericum

perforatum L.

Sulfina Melilotus officinalis
L.

Stevie Rumex confertus
Willd.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants



http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-19908-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html


http://www.kodges.ru/7678-lekarstvennye-rastenija-rossii.-polnyjj-registr.html

http://ukpmc.ac.uk/articlerender.cgi?artid=1003770

http://www.iatp.md/arii/text/ro/minarii/biodiv1.htm

References


1. Hall, L.M.; Devine, M.D.
1990: Cross-resistance of a chlorsulfuron-resistant biotype of Stellaria
media to a triazolopyrimidine herbicide.
Plant Physiol. 93: 962-966.

2. NEGODI, G. (1936). Conributo alia cariologia di Stellaria media (L.)
Cir. Nuovo G. bot. itaL, N.S., 43, 416.

3. PETERSON, D. (1933). Stellaria media L. : Stellaria neglecta Weihe.
Bot. Notiser, 500.

4. PETERSON, D. (1935). Some chromosome numbers in the genus Stellaria.
Bot. Notiser, 409.

5. PETERSON, D. (1936). Stellaria. Studien zur Zytologie, Genetik, Okologie
und Systematik der Gattung

6. Stellaria, imbesondere der meii/a-Gruppe. Bot. Notiser, 281.

7. .. , . 1. .-.:
, 1937. . 52-55.

.. . : , 1983. 454 .


. : , 1996. 479 .


, . 6. . .. .-.: , 1936. 956 .


Genetic characteristics



2n= 40,42 chromosomes.

Gathering place (figure should be increased)



Stellaria media
DLE

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