Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Stellaria media

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Stellaria media


Stellaria media


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Caryophyllales

Family: Caryophyllaceae

Genus: Stellaria

Species: media (L.)

Plant description

is thin, ramified. Stem is usually prostrate, 5-30 (40) cm long, round, one
row of hairs, often twisting, developing roots at the nodes. Cotyledons are
tender, light green, lanceolate, tapering into the petiole. Foliage leaves
are opposite in pairs, small, pointed-ovate, tip often dot-shaped black,
lower leaves petiolate, petioles with a comb of hair. Flowers are white,
small, star-like, pedunculate, in terminal and in forks. Boll is ovate or
oblong, longer than the calyx. Seeds are numerous, rounded or reniform,
squeezed, brown. Seed germination depth is 1-2 cm. Seeds per plant: 15,000
(10,000-20,000). Seeds maintain their ability to germinate in soil for 2-5
years. Propagates with rooted stems as well. Germination period is from early
spring until first autumn frosts. Yields 2-3 generations in a summer.

Diffusion area

Nearly cosmopolitan. Nearly all
Europe and Asia, except Arctic regions, Northern America. Nearly all regions
of the former USSR, except deserts of Central Asia.


It is common for shady,
cultivated or uncultivated places, especially near the settlements. Common in
the entire country.

Therapeutic actions

The plant has analgesic effect,
antiinflammatory, healing, tonic, pacemaker, stimulating metabolism,
favorably affect the central nervous system. Astringent;
Carminative; Demulcent;
Depurative; Diuretic; Emmenagogue; Expectorant; Galactogogue; Kidney;
Laxative; Ophthalmic;

Poultice; Refrigerant; Vulnerary.

Chickweed has a very long history of herbal use, being particularly
beneficial in the external treatment of any kind of itching skin condition.
It has been known to soothe severe itchiness even where all other remedies
have failed. In excess doses chickweed can cause diarrhoea and vomiting. It
should not be used medicinally by pregnant women. The whole plant is
astringent, carminative, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, refrigerant,
vulnerary. Taken internally it is useful in the treatment of chest complaints
and in small quantities it also aids digestion. It can be applied as a
poultice and will relieve any kind of roseola and is effective wherever there
are fragile superficial veins. An infusion of the fresh or dried herb can be
added to the bath water and its emollient property will help to reduce
inflammation - in rheumatic joints for example - and encourage tissue repair.

Biologically active substances

The plant contains saponins,
vitamin E, ascorbic acid (114 mg%), carotene (up to 24 mg%), tannins,
flavonoids, lipids, minerals (especially a lot of potassium) and other

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Revent Rheum palmatum L.

Roiba Rubia tinctorum L.

Roinita Melissa officinalis

Rostopasca Chelidonium

majus L.

Salcam galben Sophora

japonica L.

Salcie Salix alba L.

Salvie Salvia officinalis L.

Sapunarita Saponaria

officinalis L.

Sclipeti Potentilla erecta

Scorus Sorbus aucuparia L.

Scumpie Cotinus

coggygria Scop.

Siminoc Helichrysum

arenarium DC

Soc Sambucus nigra L.

Sorbestrea Sanguisorba

officinalis L.

Sovarv Origanum vulgare L.

Sporici Verbena officinalis

Stejar Quercus robur L.

Sunatoare Hypericum

perforatum L.

Sulfina Melilotus officinalis

Stevie Rumex confertus

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


1. Hall, L.M.; Devine, M.D.
1990: Cross-resistance of a chlorsulfuron-resistant biotype of Stellaria
media to a triazolopyrimidine herbicide.
Plant Physiol. 93: 962-966.

2. NEGODI, G. (1936). Conributo alia cariologia di Stellaria media (L.)
Cir. Nuovo G. bot. itaL, N.S., 43, 416.

3. PETERSON, D. (1933). Stellaria media L. : Stellaria neglecta Weihe.
Bot. Notiser, 500.

4. PETERSON, D. (1935). Some chromosome numbers in the genus Stellaria.
Bot. Notiser, 409.

5. PETERSON, D. (1936). Stellaria. Studien zur Zytologie, Genetik, Okologie
und Systematik der Gattung

6. Stellaria, imbesondere der meii/a-Gruppe. Bot. Notiser, 281.

7. .. , . 1. .-.:
, 1937. . 52-55.

.. . : , 1983. 454 .

. : , 1996. 479 .

, . 6. . .. .-.: , 1936. 956 .

Genetic characteristics

2n= 40,42 chromosomes.

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Stellaria media

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