Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Lythrum salicaria

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Lythraceae

Lythrum salicaria


Lythrum salicaria


Kingdom: Plantae

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Myrtales

Family: Lythraceae

Genus: Lythrum

Species: salicaria L.

Plant description

lanceolate, 3-10 cm long and
5-15 mm broad, downy and sessile, and arranged opposite or in whorls of

The flowers are reddish purple, 10-20 mm diameter, with six petals
(occasionally five) and 12 stamens, and are clustered tightly in the axils of
bracts or leaves; there are three different flower types, with the stamens
and style of different lengths, short, medium or long; each flower type can
only be pollinated by one of the other types, not the same type, thus
ensuring cross-pollination between different plants.

The fruit is a small 3-4 mm capsule containing numerous minute seeds.
Flowering lasts throughout the summer. When the seeds are mature, the leaves
often turn bright red through dehydration in early autumn; the red colour may
last for almost two weeks. The dead stalks from previous growing seasons are

L. salicaria is very variable in leaf shape and degree of hairiness, and a
number of subspecies and varieties have been described, but it is now
generally regarded as monotypic with none of these variants being considered
of botanical significance. The species Lythrum intermedium Ledeb. ex Colla is
also now considered synonymous.

Diffusion area

North America, Europe (Russia),
Asia (Mongolia, northern China, Japan), North Africa, Australia.


It is commonly found at the lake
edges and extremely wet lands in the whole country.

Therapeutic actions

Anti-inflammatory, homeostatic,
the drink infusion is used on inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal
tract, and respiratory tract, like analgesic. It has been used as a herb for
diarrhea, dysentery and dried leaves were used to heal wounds, ulcers and
sores. Antiasthmatic;
Antitussive; Astringent;
Cardiotonic; Demulcent DiureticFebrifuge; Laxative;
Poultice; Vermifuge.

A poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. The
juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs,
hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. A strong decoction of the plant has
proved excellent in the treatment of asthma. The flowers and the leaves are
antiscorbutic and astringent. The seed is considered to be cardiotonic,
demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, restorative and tonic.
It is used in the treatment of asthma, fevers, bronchitis, oedema and
dysentery. It is also used in the treatment of worms and calculus complaints.
It is decocted with other herbs for treating various ailments. The seeds have
formed a special remedy for sciatica. A poultice of the ground up seeds has
been used on burns and sores.

Biologically active substances

Contain Glycosides, flavonoids, oils and alkaloids.

Indigenous medicinal plants in databases

Iarba mare Inula helenium L.

Iarba rosie - Polygonum

persicaria L.

Iedera - Hedera helix L.

Ienupar Juniperus communis

Ipcarige Gypsophila paniculata

Izma buna Mentha piperita L.

Centers, institutes, research labs of medicinal plants


1. Lym, R. G. 2004.
Identification and control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria
L.). North Dakota State Univ. Ext.
Ser. Circ. W-1132 (revised). Fargo, ND.

2. Mitich, L. W. 1999. Purple loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria
L. Weed Technol. 13:843-846.

3. Mullin, B. H. 1998. The biology and management of purple
loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Weed
Technol. 12:397-401.

4. Munger, G. T. 2002. Lythrum salicaria. In: Fire Effects Information System
[Online]. U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory
(Producer). Available: (February 2005).

5. Thompson, D. Q., R. L. Stuckey, E. B. Thompson. 1987.
Spread, impact, and control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)
in North American wetlands. U. S. Fish
and Wildlife Service. 55 Jamestown,
ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page. [Online.] Available:

6. (Version
04JUn99). (September 2004).

7. Young, J. A. and C. D. Clements.
2001. Purple loosestrife
(Lythrum salicaria) seed germination. Weed Technol. 12(2):337-342.

Genetic characteristics

2n=60 chromosomes.

Gathering place (figure should be increased)

Lythrum salicaria

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