Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Ailanthus altissima

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Sapindales » Family: Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven, also known ailanthus, Chinese sumac, and stinking shumac,
is a deciduous tree in the mostly tropical quassia family. Mature trees can
reach 80 feet in . Ailanthus has smooth stems with pale gray bark and
twigs which are light chestnut brown, especially in the dormant season. Its
large compound leaves are 1-4 feet in length, alternate, and composed of
10-41 smaller leaflets. Each leaflet has one or more glandular teeth along
the lower margin. The leaf margins are otherwise entire or lacking teeth.
Ailanthus is a dioecious (two houses) plant meaning that male and female
flowers occur on separate plants. Flowers occur in large terminal clusters
and are small and pale yellow to greenish. Flat, twisted, winged fruits each
containing a single central seed are produced on female trees in late summer
to early fall and may remain on the trees for long periods of time. The wood
of ailanthus is soft, weak, coarse-grained, and creamy white to light brown
in color. All parts of the tree, especially the leaves and flowers, have a
nutty or burned nut odor.

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