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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
»

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Veronica spicata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Veronica spicata
Veronica spicta is
self-compatible, protogynous and insect-pollinated perennial with a life span
from three to ten years. Once established V. spicata spreads mainly by
rhizomes and stolons into areas of bare soil where it grows in dense patches.
Veronica spicata is higly intolerant of shade and competition, persisting
only where potentially tall competitors remain restricted by relative
harshness of environment. In Finland , V. spicata is at the northern limits
of its distribution.
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Veronica arvensis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Veronica arvensis
Stems 5-30 cm tall, simple or
branched spreadingly, weak, thin, straight or sit up and rising.

Leaves alternate or opposite, including 2-4 pairs of long, 5-13 (20) mm,
4-10 mm, cordate-ovate, entire, with 3-5 veins, lower stem with a
length of 1-4 mm, upper almost sessile, gradually pass into bracts cauline
leaves, whole, on the edge of the jagged or notched, obtuse, at base rounded
or slightly cordate, glabrous or scattered pilose.
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Verbascum thapsus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum thapsus
Biennials to 1.5 m tall, densely
with grayish yellow stellate hairs. Leaves to 15 cm long, 6 cm wide, margin
crenate. Other stem leaves gradually decreasing in size upward, sessile,
oblong to ovate-oblong, base decurrently into wings. Panicle is cylindrical,
to 30 cm long, 2 cm wide, dense. Flowers usually few fascicled. Pedicel
short. Calyx ca. 7 mm; Corolla yellow, 1-2 cm in diameter. Stamens 5;
filaments of anterior 2 stamens glabrous and of posterior 3 pubescent; anther
lobes divergent at base. Capsule ovoid, as long as persistent calyx.
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Verbascum phoeniceum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum phoeniceum
Perennial plants 30-100 cm in
. Stems erect, simple, sometimes branched at the top. Flowers is
simple. Corolla purple; Filaments with purple hairs. Fruit - egg-shaped
capsule, mostly naked.

Blooms in the early and mid-summer.
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Rhinanthus alectorolophus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Rhinanthus alectorolophus
Annual herb 30-50 cm tall,
semyparasite, toxic. Flowering in June-July. It grows in meadows, river
valleys, forest glades in the Ukraine (Carpathians), in Belarus, Moldova.
With the purpose of treatment used grass, leaves.
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Melampyrum arvense

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Melampyrum arvense
This annual plant is
hemi-parasitic , this means that its roots attach to those of other plants
and it is able to obtain some nutrition from them. Plants grown in the
absence of a host fail to thrive. A wide range of plants can be used as
hosts, especially grasses. Field cow-wheat flowers from June to September,
the flowers being pollinated by bumblebees . The heavy seeds are poor
dispersers and can stay dormant in the soil for about two years . They have a
small oil body at one end, which is attractive to ants, who may carry the
seeds to their nests, eat the oil body then discard the seed . By doing so
they aid in the dispersal of the plant. The seeds are unusual in that they
germinate in the autumn, and the roots develop well before the shoots (which
develop in the spring); presumably this is so that the seedlings can attach
themselves to the roots of host plants quite quickly .
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Melampyrum arvense

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Melampyrum arvense
This colourful endangered plant
has pale green, toothed and narrow leaves that grow on opposite sides of the
stem. The flowers grow in a spike known as an inflorescence, and are
generally purplish-pink in colour with a yellow throat and lip. Long, thin bracts
also emerge from the flower spike; these can be green, deep pink or white in
colour. A local name for this species is 'poverty weed' as the seeds gave a
bad taste to flour and devalued the price of corn.
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