Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Viburnum opulus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Viburnales » Family: Viburnaceae

Viburnum opulus
Small spreading tree or large
shrub to 3-4 m (to 6-7 m in the most favourable conditions).
Fast-growing plant. Annual growth even at lateral shoots reaches 30-40 cm.
Longevity of stems 9-25 (up to 50) years. Root system consists from long
taproot and numerous lateral roots. Bark grey-brownish with rimes; young
shoots with greyish-green bark. Buds ovoid sometimes with pointed top,
redish-green, with 2 scales. Opposite leafs wide-ovoid or round, 3-5-lobate,
large (7-10 cm length, to 8 cm , and sometimes bigger on the sprouting
shoots). Upper leaf surface is naked, dark-green, lower leaf surface is more
light because of grey densely and soft velvet pubescent. Leafstalk is short
(up to 2 cm)? with glandular tubercles in upper end. Flowers collected in
inflorescence - corymbs up to 8-10 cm diameter. Fertile, bell-shaped,
yellowish inner flowers (small about 5 mm) are surrounded by a ring of
showier, actinomorphic, white, sterile flowers (large 1-2.5 cm).
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Veronica spicata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Veronica spicata
Veronica spicta is
self-compatible, protogynous and insect-pollinated perennial with a life span
from three to ten years. Once established V. spicata spreads mainly by
rhizomes and stolons into areas of bare soil where it grows in dense patches.
Veronica spicata is higly intolerant of shade and competition, persisting
only where potentially tall competitors remain restricted by relative
harshness of environment. In Finland , V. spicata is at the northern limits
of its distribution.
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Veronica arvensis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Veronica arvensis
Stems 5-30 cm tall, simple or
branched spreadingly, weak, thin, straight or sit up and rising.

Leaves alternate or opposite, including 2-4 pairs of long, 5-13 (20) mm,
4-10 mm, cordate-ovate, entire, with 3-5 veins, lower stem with a
length of 1-4 mm, upper almost sessile, gradually pass into bracts cauline
leaves, whole, on the edge of the jagged or notched, obtuse, at base rounded
or slightly cordate, glabrous or scattered pilose.
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Verbascum thapsus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum thapsus
Biennials to 1.5 m tall, densely
with grayish yellow stellate hairs. Leaves to 15 cm long, 6 cm wide, margin
crenate. Other stem leaves gradually decreasing in size upward, sessile,
oblong to ovate-oblong, base decurrently into wings. Panicle is cylindrical,
to 30 cm long, 2 cm wide, dense. Flowers usually few fascicled. Pedicel
short. Calyx ca. 7 mm; Corolla yellow, 1-2 cm in diameter. Stamens 5;
filaments of anterior 2 stamens glabrous and of posterior 3 pubescent; anther
lobes divergent at base. Capsule ovoid, as long as persistent calyx.
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Verbascum phoeniceum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum phoeniceum
Perennial plants 30-100 cm in
. Stems erect, simple, sometimes branched at the top. Flowers is
simple. Corolla purple; Filaments with purple hairs. Fruit - egg-shaped
capsule, mostly naked.

Blooms in the early and mid-summer.
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Trifolium pratense

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Trifolium pratense
It is widely grown as a fodder
crop, valued for its nitrogen fixation, which increases soil fertility. For
these reasons it is used as a green manure crop. Several cultivar groups have
been selected for agricultural use, mostly derived from var. sativum. It has
become naturalised in many temperate areas, including the Americas and
Australasia as an escape from cultivation.
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Trifolium fragiferum L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Trifolium fragiferum L.
Perennial herb. Stems prostrate
and stoloniferous, 5 to 50 cm long with erect petioles and floral stalks,
stems hairy or smooth. Leaves trifoliate, 2 to 20 cm long, congested or
loose, with long hairy or hairless stalks. Leaflet 0.5 to 3 cm long, 0.3 to 1.5
cm wide, obovate to elliptical, occasionally round, blunt, often indented at
the tip, finely toothed, hairless or hairy along the veins and margins.
Stipules reach 2 cm long, lance-shaped, dilated and white papery towards the
base and with a sharp pointed free portion. Inflorescences globular and
compact, 10-12 mm in diameter, with pink or purplish red florets and when
ripe, become reddish and resemble strawberry fruits. The blooms appear
earlier than those of white clover. There may be 35 to 60 florets per head.
Only one seed forms in a floret. As the seeds mature, the head takes on the
appearance of a balloon. The flowers are extremely attractive to bees for
both nectar and pollen. After pollination in summer by bumble bees and honey
bees, the pubescent fruiting calyces contain 1-2 seeds each. Seeds are
heart-shaped and colored light brown with dark brown flecks. Cross
fertilized. 2n = 16.
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Tilia cordata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Lythraceae

Tilia cordata
It is a deciduous tree growing
to 20-38 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-2 m diameter. The leaves are
alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3-8 cm long and broad,
mostly hairless (unlike the related Tilia platyphyllos) except for small
tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils - the leaves are distinctively
heart-shaped. The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in
clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green
subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by
bees. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6Ц7 mm long and 4 mm broad, downy at
first becoming smooth at maturity, and (unlike T. platyphyllos) not
ribbed
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Taraxacum officinale

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Taraxacum officinale
The species of Taraxacum are
tap-rooted biennial or perennial herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas
of the Old World.

The leaves are 5Ц25 cm long or longer, simple and basal, entire or lobed,
forming a rosette above the central taproot. The flower heads are yellow to
orange colored, and are open in the daytime but closed at night. The heads
are borne singly on a hollow stem (scape) that rises 1Ц10 cm or more above
the leaves and exudes a milky sap (latex) when broken. A rosette may produce
several flowering stems at a time. The flower heads are 2Ц5 cm in diameter
and consists entirely of ray florets. The flower heads mature into a
spherical "clocks" containing many single-seeded fruits called
achenes. Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hairs, which enable
wind-aided dispersal over long distances.
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Syringa vulgaris

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family:Oleaceae

Syringa vulgaris
It is a large deciduous shrub or
multi-stemmed small tree, growing to 6Ц7 m high, producing secondary shoots
("suckers") with stem diameters of up to 20 cm from the base or
roots, which in the course of decades may produce a small clonal thicket. The
bark is grey to grey-brown, smooth on young stems, longitudinally furrowed
and flaking on older stems. The leaves are simple, 4Ц12 cm long and 3Ц8 cm
broad, light green to glaucous, oval to cordate, with pinnate leaf venation,
a mucronate apex and an entire margin. They are arranged in opposite pairs or
occasionally in whorls of three. The flowers have a tubular base to the
corolla 6Ц10 mm long with an open four-lobed apex 5Ц8 mm across, usually
lilac to mauve, occasionally white. They are arranged in a dense, terminal
panicle 8-18 cm long. The fruit is a dry, smooth brown capsule, 1Ц2 cm long,
splitting in two to release the two winged seeds.
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