Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Tilia cordata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Lythraceae

Tilia cordata
It is a deciduous tree growing
to 20-38 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-2 m diameter. The leaves are
alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3-8 cm long and broad,
mostly hairless (unlike the related Tilia platyphyllos) except for small
tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils - the leaves are distinctively
heart-shaped. The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in
clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green
subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by
bees. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6Ц7 mm long and 4 mm broad, downy at
first becoming smooth at maturity, and (unlike T. platyphyllos) not

Lythrum salicaria

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Lythraceae

Lythrum salicarialanceolate, 3-10 cm long and
5-15 mm broad, downy and sessile, and arranged opposite or in whorls of

The flowers are reddish purple, 10-20 mm diameter, with six petals
(occasionally five) and 12 stamens, and are clustered tightly in the axils of
bracts or leaves; there are three different flower types, with the stamens
and style of different lengths, short, medium or long; each flower type can
only be pollinated by one of the other types, not the same type, thus
ensuring cross-pollination between different plants.

The fruit is a small 3-4 mm capsule containing numerous minute seeds.
Flowering lasts throughout the summer. When the seeds are mature, the leaves
often turn bright red through dehydration in early autumn; the red colour may
last for almost two weeks. The dead stalks from previous growing seasons are

L. salicaria is very variable in leaf shape and degree of hairiness, and a
number of subspecies and varieties have been described, but it is now
generally regarded as monotypic with none of these variants being considered
of botanical significance. The species Lythrum intermedium Ledeb. ex Colla is
also now considered synonymous.

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