Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Syringa vulgaris

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family:Oleaceae

Syringa vulgaris
It is a large deciduous shrub or
multi-stemmed small tree, growing to 67 m high, producing secondary shoots
("suckers") with stem diameters of up to 20 cm from the base or
roots, which in the course of decades may produce a small clonal thicket. The
bark is grey to grey-brown, smooth on young stems, longitudinally furrowed
and flaking on older stems. The leaves are simple, 412 cm long and 38 cm
broad, light green to glaucous, oval to cordate, with pinnate leaf venation,
a mucronate apex and an entire margin. They are arranged in opposite pairs or
occasionally in whorls of three. The flowers have a tubular base to the
corolla 610 mm long with an open four-lobed apex 58 mm across, usually
lilac to mauve, occasionally white. They are arranged in a dense, terminal
panicle 8-18 cm long. The fruit is a dry, smooth brown capsule, 12 cm long,
splitting in two to release the two winged seeds.

Phlomis tuberosa

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family: Lamiaceae

Phlomis tuberosaNamed for the small tubers that
grow from its roots, this selection is perhaps the most unusual of all. Fuzzy
leaf stems and large green leaves with toothed margins give the plant a
coarse texture that is softened by lilac blossoms with reddish calyxes and
deep crimson flower stems. Such distinctive character mixes especially well
with grasses and Lavenders.

Blooms JuneAugust.

Size: 4' high x 3' wide; hardy to zone 6.

Leonurus cardiaca L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family: Lamiaceae

Leonurus cardiaca L.
L. cardiaca has a square stem
and opposite leaves. The leaves have serrated margins and are palmately lobed
with long petioles; basal leaves are wedge shaped with three points and while
the upper leaves are more latticed. Flowers appear in leaf axils on the upper
part of the plant and it blooms between June - August. The flowers are small,
pink to lilac in colour often with furry lower lips. The plant grows to about
60-100 cm in . It can be found along roadsides and in vacant fields and
other disturbed areas.

Glechoma hederacea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family: Lamiaceae

Glechoma hederacea
Perennial. Plant glabrous or
very slightly pubescent, the stems 20-50 cm long, glabrous or the ribs with
very short, appressed, hairs bent down, prostrate or ascending with numerous
stems rooting, lower stem leaves with petioles 5-6 cm long, almost equal to
the plate, the leaves on the edge crenate, reniform or orbicular reniform,
reniform-cordate. The flowers are collected on 3-4 in the axils of middle and
upper leaves, bracts shorter than the peduncles, filamentous 1-1,5 mm long,
corolla bluish-purple, 10-18 mm long, usually up to 2-2,5 times the cup, a
cup of narrow , tubular, with triangular teeth, suddenly finely acuminate,
3-4 times shorter than tube; nutlets brown, 2 mm long. Blooming V-VII.

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