Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
»

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Hypericum perforatum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Hypericales » Family: Hypericaceae

Hypericum perforatumHerbaceous perennial plant 30-70
(100) cm tall. Stem is erect, branchy in the upper part, with two
longitudinal ribs. Leaves are opposite, elliptical or oblong-ovate,
smooth-edged, sessile, with numerous, translucent, light and black glandules.
Flowers are numerous, golden yellow, assembled in a latipaniculate or
corymbose inflorescence. Petals are covered with glandules along the edges,
dentate on the top. Fruit is an oblong-ovoid boll. Seed are small, brown,
closely meshed. Blossoms from June until August. Entomophilous. 2n=32.

Ecology.

Xeromesophyte. Photophilous. Grows on dry and sunny sites. Grows throughout
the forest and forest-steppe zones. Rarely forms extensive thickets; more
often grows in narrow bands along clearings or in small clumps on dry,
motley-grass, steppe meadows, in glades and clearings, in thin pinewoods, in
dry coniferous/small-leaved mixed forests, in oak groves, in steppe birch
patches, in meadow steppes, in fallow lands, along field edges and along
roadsides. In mountainous areas, the species occurs on foothills and in the
lower and middle mountain zones on stony slopes, though it rarely ascends
into sub-alpine meadows (up to 2300 m above sea level).
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