Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


Sort of news: date news | popuryarnosti | attendance | commentaries | alphabet

Stellaria media

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Stellaria mediaRoot
is thin, ramified. Stem is usually prostrate, 5-30 (40) cm long, round, one
row of hairs, often twisting, developing roots at the nodes. Cotyledons are
tender, light green, lanceolate, tapering into the petiole. Foliage leaves
are opposite in pairs, small, pointed-ovate, tip often dot-shaped black,
lower leaves petiolate, petioles with a comb of hair. Flowers are white,
small, star-like, pedunculate, in terminal and in forks. Boll is ovate or
oblong, longer than the calyx. Seeds are numerous, rounded or reniform,
squeezed, brown. Seed germination depth is 1-2 cm. Seeds per plant: 15,000
(10,000-20,000). Seeds maintain their ability to germinate in soil for 2-5
years. Propagates with rooted stems as well. Germination period is from early
spring until first autumn frosts. Yields 2-3 generations in a summer.

Saponaria officinalis L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Saponaria officinalis L.
Common Soapwort (Saponaria
officinalis) is a vespertine flower, and a common perennial plant from the
carnation family (Caryophyllaceae). Other common names are Bouncing Bet and
Sweet William; locally it is simply "the Soapwort" although there are
about 20 species of soapworts altogether.

Melandrium album

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Melandrium albumSoftly-haired weed with deep,
fleshy root, sometimes with root buds. Stem is erect, hairy, usually ramified
from the base up, 30-100 cm high. Cotyledons are ovate acuminate, gradually
tapering into the petiole. Foliage leaves are in opposite pairs, lower leaves
inverse ovate and petiolate, upper leaves lanceolate and sessile, haired at
the margin and on the veins. Flowers are unisexual, dioecious, in
paniculiform inflorescences, white, fragrant, loosely arranged. Calyx is
15-20 mm long, with 10-20 ribs, does not open until afternoon. Boll opens
with 10 teeth. Seeds are small, 1-1.5 mm long, dark-brown. Shoots emerge in
spring, shallow germination. Flowering period - June - August. The mass of
1000 seeds is 0.5-0.7 g. Seeds per plant : about 6000. Can propagate with
root layers as well.

Dianthus capitatus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus capitatus
Perennial herb, stems 30-90 cm
high, green-gray, glabra, in the lignificata, branched, swollen below the
nodes, leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate, 2-5 mm wide, the margins entire;
actinomorfe flowers, solitary or in dicazii large, odoriferous, based gamosepal
calyx tube, there are four folio long as the calyx tube, Arista finished with
a green, short, fruit - capsule denticulata calyx tube that remains closed.

Chenopodium albyum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium albyum
ANNUAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by
0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to October,
and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have
both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. It tends to grow
upright at first, reaching s of 10-150 cm (rarely to 3 m), but
typically becomes recumbent after flowering (due to the weight of the foliage
and seeds) unless supported by other plants. The leaves are alternate and can
be varied in appearance. The first leaves, near the base of the plant, are
toothed and roughly diamond-shaped, 3-7 cm long and 3-6 cm broad. The leaves
on the upper part of the flowering stems are entire and lanceolate-rhomboid,
1-5 cm long and 0.4-2 cm broad; they are waxy-coated, unwettable and mealy in
appearance, with a whitish coat on the underside. The small flowers are
radially symmetrical and grow in small cymes on a dense branched
inflorescence 10-40 cm long

Copyright © Universitatea Academiei de Stiinte a Moldovei
Copyright © Gincota Filipp