Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
»

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Stellaria media

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Stellaria mediaRoot
is thin, ramified. Stem is usually prostrate, 5-30 (40) cm long, round, one
row of hairs, often twisting, developing roots at the nodes. Cotyledons are
tender, light green, lanceolate, tapering into the petiole. Foliage leaves
are opposite in pairs, small, pointed-ovate, tip often dot-shaped black,
lower leaves petiolate, petioles with a comb of hair. Flowers are white,
small, star-like, pedunculate, in terminal and in forks. Boll is ovate or
oblong, longer than the calyx. Seeds are numerous, rounded or reniform,
squeezed, brown. Seed germination depth is 1-2 cm. Seeds per plant: 15,000
(10,000-20,000). Seeds maintain their ability to germinate in soil for 2-5
years. Propagates with rooted stems as well. Germination period is from early
spring until first autumn frosts. Yields 2-3 generations in a summer.
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Saponaria officinalis L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Saponaria officinalis L.
Common Soapwort (Saponaria
officinalis) is a vespertine flower, and a common perennial plant from the
carnation family (Caryophyllaceae). Other common names are Bouncing Bet and
Sweet William; locally it is simply "the Soapwort" although there are
about 20 species of soapworts altogether.
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Melandrium album

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Melandrium albumSoftly-haired weed with deep,
fleshy root, sometimes with root buds. Stem is erect, hairy, usually ramified
from the base up, 30-100 cm high. Cotyledons are ovate acuminate, gradually
tapering into the petiole. Foliage leaves are in opposite pairs, lower leaves
inverse ovate and petiolate, upper leaves lanceolate and sessile, haired at
the margin and on the veins. Flowers are unisexual, dioecious, in
paniculiform inflorescences, white, fragrant, loosely arranged. Calyx is
15-20 mm long, with 10-20 ribs, does not open until afternoon. Boll opens
with 10 teeth. Seeds are small, 1-1.5 mm long, dark-brown. Shoots emerge in
spring, shallow germination. Flowering period - June - August. The mass of
1000 seeds is 0.5-0.7 g. Seeds per plant : about 6000. Can propagate with
root layers as well.
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Dianthus capitatus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus capitatus
Perennial herb, stems 30-90 cm
high, green-gray, glabra, in the lignificata, branched, swollen below the
nodes, leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate, 2-5 mm wide, the margins entire;
actinomorfe flowers, solitary or in dicazii large, odoriferous, based gamosepal
calyx tube, there are four folio long as the calyx tube, Arista finished with
a green, short, fruit - capsule denticulata calyx tube that remains closed.
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