Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Sambucus ebulus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Dipsacales » Family: Caprifoliaceae

Sambucus ebulus
Perennial herbaceous plant with
unpleasant odor 0.5-1.5 m tall. Stem straight, grooved, simple or slightly
branched, glabrous or covered with sparse hairs. Stipules foliaceous,
lanceolate or ovate. Leaf petioles 4-5 times shorter than blade. Leaves large,
5-20 cm long, 9-11 leaflets, the
latters lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, long-acuminate, with oblique base.
Leaflets glabrous or covered with sparse hairs along veins, especially
beneath; decurrent. Leaflet margins serrate. Lower lateral leaflets
petiolulate, upper ones sessile. Inflorescence terminal, an umbel-like flat
large panicle on long peduncle, consists of 3 main branches, branching many
times. Flowers with almond smell.. Corolla
is white or slightly pinkish or reddish outside. Stamens are
protruding up, with long filaments and purple anthers. Ovary glabrous, with
short style. Fruits black, shiny, with red juice, about 4 mm long, with 3-4 stones.
Stones ovate, triquetrous, convex on back, slightly transversally wrinkled.
Flowers in May - July, fruits in August - September. Entomophilous.
Zoochore.
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