Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Sisymbrium loeselii

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium loeselii
Stems - To +1.2m tall, erect,
herbaceous, from large taproot, typically branching above, pilose to hirsute.

Leaves - Alternate, lyrate-pinnatifid, reduced upward, pilose to hirsute,
acute at apex. Lower leaves to 15cm long, 6cm broad. Lobes with coarse
irregular teeth. terminal lobes of upper leaves typically hastate and
truncate at base.

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Sisymbrium altissimum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium altissimum
Plant 20-80 cm high, stem
coarse, thick, divaricately ramified, with rough simple hairs below, glabrous
or almost glabrous at top. Lower leaves petiolate, densely haired,
pinnatifid, with broad lanceolate lobes; stalk leaves pinnatisect, with long
narrow linear lobes; upper leaves pinnatisect, with narrowly-linear, nearly
filiform lobes. Flowers in loose panicle. Sepals glabrous, lanceolate, 4-5 mm
in length, with broad transparent margins. Petals pale yellow, nearly white
after flowering, 7-9 mm in length. Siliquas long, 5-10 cm,
tetrahedral-cylindrical, erect, spread-apart, located on fruiting pedicel of
5-10 mm long. Seeds small, elliptical, angular, somewhat compressed, yellow.
Weight of 1,000 seeds 0.1-0.2 g. Germination in March-May and in autumn,
autumnal shoots over-wintering. Blossoms in May-July.
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Lepidium ruderale

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Lepidium ruderale
Annual or biennial, more or less
foetid, 20-30 cm, single-stemmed, much branched above, glabrous or sparsely
covered with short spreading hairs. Basal leaves 2-3 x pinnate,
long-petiolate, forming a loose rosette or withering early. Caulline leaves
pinnate with narrow entire segments; upper segments narrow, oblong, sessile.
Fruiting pedicels slender, ascending, 2-4 mm. Siliculae ovate or broadly
elliptical, narrowly winged above, 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm; septum 1.5-2 x 0.5
mm.
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Descurainia sophia

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Descurainia sophia

ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m
(3ft). It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to
September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)
and are pollinated by Self. The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The
plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in
semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.

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Capsella bursa-pastoris

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Capsella bursa-pastoris
Plant : 10-50 cm tall.
Growth habit: annual, from weak taproots. Stems: simple to branched, with
short, star-shaped hairs.

Leaves: mainly in a basal rosette, lance-shaped, broadest toward tip, 3-6
cm long, stalked, almost entire to pinnately lobed with larger lobe at tip.
Stem leaves smaller, alternate, stalkless and clasping, lance-shaped to
oblong, mostly with shallow, sharp teeth.
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Brassica nigra

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica nigra
The plant is believed to be
native to the southern Mediterranean region of Europe, and has been
cultivated for thousands of years.

The spice is generally made from ground seeds of the plant, with the seed
coats removed. The small (1 mm) seeds are hard and vary in color from dark
brown to black. They are flavorful, although they have almost no aroma. The
seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine, for example in curry, where it is
known as 'rai'. The seeds are usually thrown into hot oil or ghee after which
they pop, releasing a characteristic 'nutty' flavor. The seeds have a
significant amount of fatty oil. This oil is used often as cooking oil in
India.
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Brassica napus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica napus
Annual or biennial, when sown
late and flowering the following spring, with slender or stout, hard, long,
fusiform tuberous taproot; stems erect, much-branched, up to 1.5 m tall,
often purple toward base; leaves glaucous, the lower ones lyrate-pinnatifid
or lobed, with petioles 1030 cm long, glabrous or with a few bristly hairs,
upper stem leaves lanceolate, sessile, clasping, more or less entire; flowers
pale yellow, 1.21.5 cm long, open flowers not overtopping buds of
inflorescence; inflorescence much-branched, up to 1 m tall as an elongating
raceme; silique 511 cm long, 2.54 mm wide, with slender beak 0.53 mm long.
Underground part curved or crooked for 57.5 cm and then dividing into stout
horizontal branches. Fl. late spring to fall; fr. early summer to fall
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Brassica juncea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica juncea
Plant herbaceous, annual,
cross-fertilized, xeromezophilic to mesophilic, moderately thermophilic, at
pH amfitolerant. Root are slim. Stems 100-150 cm high, more are less hairy at
the base, above glabrata, poorly branched. Lower leaves, irregularly-toothed
incisor. Yellow flowers open, clustered in a dense raceme. Flowering V-VIII.
Entomophilic polarization. Fruit 2.5 to 5.0 cm long with 16-20 small seeds.
Pods are smooth and convex, containing up to a dozen Semitic. Mustard pods
should be harvested before exploding, Mustard Brown is much more pungent than
white, but less than black
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