Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Brassica napus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica napus
Annual or biennial, when sown
late and flowering the following spring, with slender or stout, hard, long,
fusiform tuberous taproot; stems erect, much-branched, up to 1.5 m tall,
often purple toward base; leaves glaucous, the lower ones lyrate-pinnatifid
or lobed, with petioles 1030 cm long, glabrous or with a few bristly hairs,
upper stem leaves lanceolate, sessile, clasping, more or less entire; flowers
pale yellow, 1.21.5 cm long, open flowers not overtopping buds of
inflorescence; inflorescence much-branched, up to 1 m tall as an elongating
raceme; silique 511 cm long, 2.54 mm wide, with slender beak 0.53 mm long.
Underground part curved or crooked for 57.5 cm and then dividing into stout
horizontal branches. Fl. late spring to fall; fr. early summer to fall
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Brassica juncea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica juncea
Plant herbaceous, annual,
cross-fertilized, xeromezophilic to mesophilic, moderately thermophilic, at
pH amfitolerant. Root are slim. Stems 100-150 cm high, more are less hairy at
the base, above glabrata, poorly branched. Lower leaves, irregularly-toothed
incisor. Yellow flowers open, clustered in a dense raceme. Flowering V-VIII.
Entomophilic polarization. Fruit 2.5 to 5.0 cm long with 16-20 small seeds.
Pods are smooth and convex, containing up to a dozen Semitic. Mustard pods
should be harvested before exploding, Mustard Brown is much more pungent than
white, but less than black
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Atriplex tatarica

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Atriplex tatarica
Plant is 10-100 cm in ,
with straight stem that may lie horizontally along the ground. Leaves are
alternate, petiolate, triangular-oblong or ovate-oblong; more seldom they are
narrower, repand-serrate or lociniate; often hairy along the edge, very shortly
apiculate. Flowers are clustered in leafless, terminal, spike-shaped
inflorescences, which are leafy only in their lower part. Antheral flowers
are divided into 5 parts, pistillates are clustered in whorls in groups of
3-20 without perianth and are wrapped in two bracts with a very short stalk,
which intergrows only in the lowest part. Seeds are round, lustrous,
glabrous, and brown. A. tatarica flowers and bears fruit in July-September.
Minimum temperature for seed germination is 3-4C; optimum is 18-22C.
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Astragalus glycyphyllus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Astragalus glycyphyllus
Perennial, Herbs, Stems woody
below, or from woody crown or caudex, Nodules present, Stems erect or
ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs
sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules
conspicuous, Stipules membranous or chartaceous, Stipules persistent,
Stipules connate to each other, forming a tuber or sheath, Leaves compound,
Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite,
Leaflets 5-9, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces,
Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Bracts very small, absent or
caducous, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx hairy, Petals separate,
Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals ochroleucous, cream colored,
Petals bicolored or with red, purple or yellow streaks or spots, Banner petal
narrow or oblanceolate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips
obtuse or rounded, Keel petals auriculate, spurred, or gibbous, Keel tips
obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens diadelphous, 9 united, 1
free, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Style persistent in fruit, Fruit a
legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit tardily or wea kly dehiscent, Fruit elongate,
straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit or valves persistent on stem,
Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit beaked, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit
11-many seeded, Seeds cordiform, mit-shaped, notched at one end, Seed surface
smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Asarum europaeum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Aristolochiales » Family: Aristolochiaceae

Asarum europaeum
Asarum europaeum, commonly known
as Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Haselwort, and Wild Spikenard, is a
species of wild ginger with single axillary dull purple flowers, lying on the
ground. It is widespread across Europe, ranging from southern Finland and
northern Russia south to southern France, Italy and the Republic of
Macedonia. It is also grown extensively outside of its range as an
ornamental. It is sometimes harvested for use as a spice or a
flavouring.
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Aristolochia clematitis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Aristolochiales » Family: Aristolochiaceae

Aristolochia clematitis
Aristolochia is a genus of
evergreen and deciduous woody vines and herbaceous perennials. The smooth
stem is erect or somewhat twining. The simple leaves are alternate and
cordate, membranous, growing on leaf stalks. There are no stipules.
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Anagallis arvensis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ericales » Family: Myrsinaceae

Anagallis arvensis
Scarlet pimpernel has weak
sprawling stems growing to about 50 cm long, which bear bright green ovate
sessile leaves in opposite pairs. The small orange, red or blue flowers are
produced in the leaf axils from spring till autumn. The petal margins are somewhat
crenate and have small glandular hairs. Blue-flowered plants (A. arvensis
Forma azurea) are common in some areas, such as the Mediterranean region, and
should not be confused with the related Blue pimpernel, Anagallis foemina,
sometimes treated as a subspecies, Anagallis arvensis ssp. foemina. In 2007,
a molecular phylogenetic study showed that Anagallis foemina is more closely
related to Anagallis monelli than to Anagallis arvensis, and should be
treated as a separate species.
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Ailanthus altissima

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Sapindales » Family: Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven, also known ailanthus, Chinese sumac, and stinking shumac,
is a deciduous tree in the mostly tropical quassia family. Mature trees can
reach 80 feet in . Ailanthus has smooth stems with pale gray bark and
twigs which are light chestnut brown, especially in the dormant season. Its
large compound leaves are 1-4 feet in length, alternate, and composed of
10-41 smaller leaflets. Each leaflet has one or more glandular teeth along
the lower margin. The leaf margins are otherwise entire or lacking teeth.
Ailanthus is a dioecious (two houses) plant meaning that male and female
flowers occur on separate plants. Flowers occur in large terminal clusters
and are small and pale yellow to greenish. Flat, twisted, winged fruits each
containing a single central seed are produced on female trees in late summer
to early fall and may remain on the trees for long periods of time. The wood
of ailanthus is soft, weak, coarse-grained, and creamy white to light brown
in color. All parts of the tree, especially the leaves and flowers, have a
nutty or burned nut odor.
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Aesculus hippocastanum L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Sapindales » Family: Sapindaceae

Aesculus hippocastanum L.
It can reach 30 meters tall, and
has striking candles of blooms in spring and early summer. Individual flowers
have crumpled white petals with a yellow basal patch that changes to a dull
red colour. The fruit has a lathery cae covered with short pickles. The seed
are used to play conkers.
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Adonis vernalis L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Adonis vernalis L.
Herbs , perennial,
stout-rhizomatous. Stems 1-4, 5-35 cm at anthesis (10-40 cm at fruiting
time). Leaves: basal leaves scalelike, 1cm, sessile; proximal cauline leaves
with sheathlike petiole base, distal leaves short-petiolate to sessile; leaf
blade 1-2-pinnatisect. Flowers 4-8 cm diam.; sepals appressed to petals,
ovate-elliptic to obovate, margins and abaxial surface villous, apex slightly
crenulate to erose; petals 10-20, spreading, yellow, without basal blotch,
plane, 25-35 mm, 1.5 times length of calyx, apex erose or irregularly
crenulate; stamens ca. 80; anthers yellow; pistils 40-50. Heads of achenes
globose to ovoid, 15-20 × 12-15 mm; pedicels hidden among dense leaves;
achenes pubescent, 3.5-5.5 mm, transverse flange absent, basal tooth absent,
adaxial margin very short (1 mm), straight, abaxial margin strongly gibbous;
beak strongly recurved against abaxial surface, 0.5-1 mm.
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