Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Clematis integrifolia

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Clematis integrifolia
Shrub with erect, simple or
weakly branched, reddish-brown stems up to 30-60 cm (in culture up to 1 m),
slightly downy white. Leaves from oblong-ovate to narrow-lanceolate, 5-7 cm
in length ( Cultural copies up to 12 cm), pointed, leathery, entire, glabrous
above, slightly pubescent below, on both sides of the green, sessile.

Chenopodium albyum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium albyum
ANNUAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by
0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to October,
and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have
both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. It tends to grow
upright at first, reaching s of 10-150 cm (rarely to 3 m), but
typically becomes recumbent after flowering (due to the weight of the foliage
and seeds) unless supported by other plants. The leaves are alternate and can
be varied in appearance. The first leaves, near the base of the plant, are
toothed and roughly diamond-shaped, 3-7 cm long and 3-6 cm broad. The leaves
on the upper part of the flowering stems are entire and lanceolate-rhomboid,
1-5 cm long and 0.4-2 cm broad; they are waxy-coated, unwettable and mealy in
appearance, with a whitish coat on the underside. The small flowers are
radially symmetrical and grow in small cymes on a dense branched
inflorescence 10-40 cm long

Ceratocephala testiculata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Ceratocephala testiculata
Ceratocephala testiculata (syn.
Ceratocephala orthoceras, Ranunculus testiculatus) is a flowering plant that
is native to Eurasia. Common names include bur buttercup and curveseed
butterwort. It is very small, usually only about an inch or two tall, but potentially
getting up to four inches. The flowers are small and dull yellow. The leaves
are hairy and somewhat dissected. It produces a cluster of hard, spiny fruits
(the 'burs'). Like other members of the buttercup family, they are poisonous.
Where they are present in large numbers, it is usually an indication of
excessive disturbance to the land.

Centaurea cyanus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Centaurea cyanus
One or biennial plant family
Compositae with a thin rod branched root. The stem is erect, branched, to 80
cm in . Lower leaves are trifoliate or peristolopastnye, rarely entire,
petiolate, dying at the time of flowering. The remaining leaves are sessile,
linear, smooth-. Flowers in solitary large flower diameter of about 3 cm long
leafless peduncles. Marginal flowers asexual, with blue funnel-shaped
deep-pyatinadre zannymi nimbuses up to 2 cm, median - are bisexual, the
stamens 5, anthers fused into a tube, pistil with two stigmas with violet
tubular quinquedentate nimbuses up to 1 cm. Fruits - hairy shiny gray or
yellowish gray, oblong-ovate achene length 2,5-4 mm, with multi-row tuft at
apex, crest, which is equal to the length of the achene, is composed of
uneven reddish or purple stiff bristly hairs, easily breaks off. Flowering
from May to August. Fruits in August.

Caragana fletux

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Caragana fletux
0,5-2 m shrub with yellowish or
greenish-gray bark, mostly bearing narrow longitudinal whitish stripes cork.
Young shoots finely downy, netolstye, leaf petioles long shoots quickly
harden and remain in the form of short, 3-11 mm in length, but rather thick
spines, leaves 5-20 mm long and 2-9 mm wide, green or greyish, paler below
with a thickened middle vein, continuing on the tip of leaflets in the barbed
tip. Pedicels solitary or paired, Unifloral 5-9 mm long, Calyx
campanulate-tubular, corolla 22-30 mm long, yellow or golden; flag with a
broad, ovate-rhombic limb, wings extended upward somewhat, keel blunt, bob
4-5 cm long, 4,5-6 mm wide.

Capsella bursa-pastoris

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Capsella bursa-pastoris
Plant : 10-50 cm tall.
Growth habit: annual, from weak taproots. Stems: simple to branched, with
short, star-shaped hairs.

Leaves: mainly in a basal rosette, lance-shaped, broadest toward tip, 3-6
cm long, stalked, almost entire to pinnately lobed with larger lobe at tip.
Stem leaves smaller, alternate, stalkless and clasping, lance-shaped to
oblong, mostly with shallow, sharp teeth.

Campanula patula

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Campanulales » Family: Campanulaceae

Campanula patula
Campanula patula is generally
regarded as a plant of sunny, well-drained banks in woodland glades, on
tracks and roadsides and on rock outcrops. Reproduction is by seed which
needs disturbance for germination. However, the seed is long-lived, allowing
the plant to reappear after long absences; it was first recorded at Pandy
Station (The Hatterels, Mons.) for example in 1868 - a gap of 135 years
between records! Although it has been known at Corndon Far (Monts.)
on-and-off for at least 20 years, many populations are transient.

Calystegia sepium

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Solanales » Family: Convolvulaceae

Calystegia sepium
of up to 2-4 m, rarely 5
m. The leaves are arranged spirally, simple, pointed at the tip and arrowhead
shaped, 5-10 cm long and 3-7 cm broad.

The flowers are produced from late spring to the end of summer. In the bud,
they are covered by large bracts which remain and continue to cover sepals.
The open flowers are trumpet-shaped, 3-7 cm diameter, white, or pale pink
with white stripes. After flowering the fruit develops as an almost spherical
capsule 1 cm diameter containing two to four large, black seeds that are
shaped like quartered oranges. The seeds disperse and thrive in fields,
borders, roadsides and open woods.

Calendula officinalis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Calendula officinalis
The calendula is a long time
favorite among gardeners. Also called English marigold, this plant has been
grown since the Middle Ages and was known to Shakespeare. Calendula is an
annual flower that prefers cool growing weather but nevertheless are tender
and killed by frosts. Depending on variety and culture, the plants grow 12-30
in (30.5-76.2 cm) in and about as wide. The leaves are bright green
and typically about 4 in (10.2 cm) long. The lower leaves are oval with a
rounded tip (spatulate) and upper leaves are lance shaped with pointed tips.

Brassica nigra

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica nigra
The plant is believed to be
native to the southern Mediterranean region of Europe, and has been
cultivated for thousands of years.

The spice is generally made from ground seeds of the plant, with the seed
coats removed. The small (1 mm) seeds are hard and vary in color from dark
brown to black. They are flavorful, although they have almost no aroma. The
seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine, for example in curry, where it is
known as 'rai'. The seeds are usually thrown into hot oil or ghee after which
they pop, releasing a characteristic 'nutty' flavor. The seeds have a
significant amount of fatty oil. This oil is used often as cooking oil in

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