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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Ceratocephala testiculata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Ceratocephala testiculata
Ceratocephala testiculata (syn.
Ceratocephala orthoceras, Ranunculus testiculatus) is a flowering plant that
is native to Eurasia. Common names include bur buttercup and curveseed
butterwort. It is very small, usually only about an inch or two tall, but potentially
getting up to four inches. The flowers are small and dull yellow. The leaves
are hairy and somewhat dissected. It produces a cluster of hard, spiny fruits
(the 'burs'). Like other members of the buttercup family, they are poisonous.
Where they are present in large numbers, it is usually an indication of
excessive disturbance to the land.
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Centaurea cyanus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Centaurea cyanus
One or biennial plant family
Compositae with a thin rod branched root. The stem is erect, branched, to 80
cm in . Lower leaves are trifoliate or peristolopastnye, rarely entire,
petiolate, dying at the time of flowering. The remaining leaves are sessile,
linear, smooth-. Flowers in solitary large flower diameter of about 3 cm long
leafless peduncles. Marginal flowers asexual, with blue funnel-shaped
deep-pyatinadre zannymi nimbuses up to 2 cm, median - are bisexual, the
stamens 5, anthers fused into a tube, pistil with two stigmas with violet
tubular quinquedentate nimbuses up to 1 cm. Fruits - hairy shiny gray or
yellowish gray, oblong-ovate achene length 2,5-4 mm, with multi-row tuft at
apex, crest, which is equal to the length of the achene, is composed of
uneven reddish or purple stiff bristly hairs, easily breaks off. Flowering
from May to August. Fruits in August.
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Caragana fletux

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Caragana fletux
0,5-2 m shrub with yellowish or
greenish-gray bark, mostly bearing narrow longitudinal whitish stripes cork.
Young shoots finely downy, netolstye, leaf petioles long shoots quickly
harden and remain in the form of short, 3-11 mm in length, but rather thick
spines, leaves 5-20 mm long and 2-9 mm wide, green or greyish, paler below
with a thickened middle vein, continuing on the tip of leaflets in the barbed
tip. Pedicels solitary or paired, Unifloral 5-9 mm long, Calyx
campanulate-tubular, corolla 22-30 mm long, yellow or golden; flag with a
broad, ovate-rhombic limb, wings extended upward somewhat, keel blunt, bob
4-5 cm long, 4,5-6 mm wide.
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Capsella bursa-pastoris

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Capsella bursa-pastoris
Plant : 10-50 cm tall.
Growth habit: annual, from weak taproots. Stems: simple to branched, with
short, star-shaped hairs.

Leaves: mainly in a basal rosette, lance-shaped, broadest toward tip, 3-6
cm long, stalked, almost entire to pinnately lobed with larger lobe at tip.
Stem leaves smaller, alternate, stalkless and clasping, lance-shaped to
oblong, mostly with shallow, sharp teeth.
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Campanula patula

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Campanulales » Family: Campanulaceae

Campanula patula
Campanula patula is generally
regarded as a plant of sunny, well-drained banks in woodland glades, on
tracks and roadsides and on rock outcrops. Reproduction is by seed which
needs disturbance for germination. However, the seed is long-lived, allowing
the plant to reappear after long absences; it was first recorded at Pandy
Station (The Hatterels, Mons.) for example in 1868 - a gap of 135 years
between records! Although it has been known at Corndon Far (Monts.)
on-and-off for at least 20 years, many populations are transient.
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Calystegia sepium

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Solanales » Family: Convolvulaceae

Calystegia sepium
of up to 2-4 m, rarely 5
m. The leaves are arranged spirally, simple, pointed at the tip and arrowhead
shaped, 5-10 cm long and 3-7 cm broad.

The flowers are produced from late spring to the end of summer. In the bud,
they are covered by large bracts which remain and continue to cover sepals.
The open flowers are trumpet-shaped, 3-7 cm diameter, white, or pale pink
with white stripes. After flowering the fruit develops as an almost spherical
capsule 1 cm diameter containing two to four large, black seeds that are
shaped like quartered oranges. The seeds disperse and thrive in fields,
borders, roadsides and open woods.
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Calendula officinalis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Calendula officinalis
The calendula is a long time
favorite among gardeners. Also called English marigold, this plant has been
grown since the Middle Ages and was known to Shakespeare. Calendula is an
annual flower that prefers cool growing weather but nevertheless are tender
and killed by frosts. Depending on variety and culture, the plants grow 12-30
in (30.5-76.2 cm) in and about as wide. The leaves are bright green
and typically about 4 in (10.2 cm) long. The lower leaves are oval with a
rounded tip (spatulate) and upper leaves are lance shaped with pointed tips.
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Brassica nigra

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica nigra
The plant is believed to be
native to the southern Mediterranean region of Europe, and has been
cultivated for thousands of years.

The spice is generally made from ground seeds of the plant, with the seed
coats removed. The small (1 mm) seeds are hard and vary in color from dark
brown to black. They are flavorful, although they have almost no aroma. The
seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine, for example in curry, where it is
known as 'rai'. The seeds are usually thrown into hot oil or ghee after which
they pop, releasing a characteristic 'nutty' flavor. The seeds have a
significant amount of fatty oil. This oil is used often as cooking oil in
India.
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Brassica napus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica napus
Annual or biennial, when sown
late and flowering the following spring, with slender or stout, hard, long,
fusiform tuberous taproot; stems erect, much-branched, up to 1.5 m tall,
often purple toward base; leaves glaucous, the lower ones lyrate-pinnatifid
or lobed, with petioles 10Ц30 cm long, glabrous or with a few bristly hairs,
upper stem leaves lanceolate, sessile, clasping, more or less entire; flowers
pale yellow, 1.2Ц1.5 cm long, open flowers not overtopping buds of
inflorescence; inflorescence much-branched, up to 1 m tall as an elongating
raceme; silique 5Ц11 cm long, 2.5Ц4 mm wide, with slender beak 0.5Ц3 mm long.
Underground part curved or crooked for 5Ц7.5 cm and then dividing into stout
horizontal branches. Fl. late spring to fall; fr. early summer to fall
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Brassica juncea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica juncea
Plant herbaceous, annual,
cross-fertilized, xeromezophilic to mesophilic, moderately thermophilic, at
pH amfitolerant. Root are slim. Stems 100-150 cm high, more are less hairy at
the base, above glabrata, poorly branched. Lower leaves, irregularly-toothed
incisor. Yellow flowers open, clustered in a dense raceme. Flowering V-VIII.
Entomophilic polarization. Fruit 2.5 to 5.0 cm long with 16-20 small seeds.
Pods are smooth and convex, containing up to a dozen Semitic. Mustard pods
should be harvested before exploding, Mustard Brown is much more pungent than
white, but less than black
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