Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Geranium pretense

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Geraniales » Family: Geraniaceae

Geranium pretense
Rhizome short, thick, oblique,
up to 10 cm, topped by a dark-brown bracts basal leaves. Stems few or
solitary, 30-80 cm tall, erect, branched in the upper part, furrowed, covered
with spaced or deflexed hairs. Bottom leaves are opposite, numerous, on long
petioles 10-20 (30) cm, otstoyasche zhestkovolosistye; record length 6-12 cm,
6-16 cm wide, reniform in outline, rounded, top decumbent and shortly hairy,
bottom, mainly on veins, with short hair, almost to the base semirazdelnaya
to rhombic-ovate lobes, in turn, almost peristonadrezannye into lanceolate
segments. Floral - lanceolate, acuminate, appressed pilose, 10-15 mm long..
Pedicels are glandular hairy, before flowering, as in fruit, drooping during
flowering up standing. The flowers are large, wide, numerous. Sepals 10-13 mm
long, oblong-ovate to three veins, covered with glandular hairs, with special
reference filiform 3-4 mm long, the petals of the five, purplish-blue,
purplish-red, blue or bluish-purple, a 16 - 23 mm, a of 10-17 mm wide,
obovate, rounded at the top, entire, pilose at the base. Filaments of stamens
displaced at the base of a broad and hairy below. Fruit - coracoid education,
length of about 3 cm, which after maturation is divided into monosperma
fruitlets. Seeds are tiny spotty. Blooming in June - July. Fruiting in August
- September.

Helichrysum arenarium

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Helichrysum arenarium
Perennial, woody root, stem
10-30 cm, unbranched, greyish tomentoasă the foil, leaves linear to
oblong-lanceolate, gradually narrowed to base; antodii globular 4-5 mm in
diameter, yellow-orange; leaflets involucrale, nested , loose, yellow like
lemon, yellow flowers, the marginal missing, flowering from July to
September, fruit 1mm long sided achene.

Veronica arvensis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Veronica arvensis
Stems 5-30 cm tall, simple or
branched spreadingly, weak, thin, straight or sit up and rising.

Leaves alternate or opposite, including 2-4 pairs of long, 5-13 (20) mm,
4-10 mm, cordate-ovate, entire, with 3-5 veins, lower stem with a
length of 1-4 mm, upper almost sessile, gradually pass into bracts cauline
leaves, whole, on the edge of the jagged or notched, obtuse, at base rounded
or slightly cordate, glabrous or scattered pilose.

Galega officinalis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Galega officinalis
Perennial, Herbs, Taproot
present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall,
Stems solid, Stems or young twigs glabrous or sparsely glabrate, Stems or
young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules
conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous,
Stipules persistent, Stipules free, Stipules cordate, lobed, or sagittate,
Leaves compound, Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets
opposite, Leaflets 5-9, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves glabrous or nearly so,
Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Inflorescence terminal,
Bracts conspicuously present, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx
glabrous, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals
pinkish to rose, Petals blue, lavander to purple, or violet, Banner petal
ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Keel tips
obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens monadelphous, united
below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Style persistent in fruit, Fruit a
legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight,
Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit compressed between seeds, Fruit torulose or
moniliform, strongly constricted between seeds, Fruit beaked, Fruit 3-10
seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive,
brown, or black.

Sambucus ebulus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Dipsacales » Family: Caprifoliaceae

Sambucus ebulus
Perennial herbaceous plant with
unpleasant odor 0.5-1.5 m tall. Stem straight, grooved, simple or slightly
branched, glabrous or covered with sparse hairs. Stipules foliaceous,
lanceolate or ovate. Leaf petioles 4-5 times shorter than blade. Leaves large,
5-20 cm long,  9-11 leaflets, the
latters lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, long-acuminate, with oblique base.
Leaflets glabrous or covered with sparse hairs along veins, especially
beneath; decurrent. Leaflet margins serrate. Lower lateral leaflets
petiolulate, upper ones sessile. Inflorescence terminal, an umbel-like flat
large panicle on long peduncle, consists of 3 main branches, branching many
times. Flowers with almond smell.. Corolla 
is white or slightly pinkish or reddish outside. Stamens are
protruding up, with long filaments and purple anthers. Ovary glabrous, with
short style. Fruits black, shiny, with red juice, about 4 mm long, with 3-4 stones.
Stones ovate, triquetrous, convex on back, slightly transversally wrinkled.
Flowers in May - July, fruits in August - September. Entomophilous.

Glechoma hederacea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family: Lamiaceae

Glechoma hederacea
Perennial. Plant glabrous or
very slightly pubescent, the stems 20-50 cm long, glabrous or the ribs with
very short, appressed, hairs bent down, prostrate or ascending with numerous
stems rooting, lower stem leaves with petioles 5-6 cm long, almost equal to
the plate, the leaves on the edge crenate, reniform or orbicular reniform,
reniform-cordate. The flowers are collected on 3-4 in the axils of middle and
upper leaves, bracts shorter than the peduncles, filamentous 1-1,5 mm long,
corolla bluish-purple, 10-18 mm long, usually up to 2-2,5 times the cup, a
cup of narrow , tubular, with triangular teeth, suddenly finely acuminate,
3-4 times shorter than tube; nutlets brown, 2 mm long. Blooming V-VII.

Galinsoga parviflora

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Galinsoga parviflora
Plants 10-100 cm high, covered with scattered small and more dense in the upper part of appressed simple
hairs, with an admixture of glandular. Stem is straight, usually branched
from the base. Fibrous roots. Leaves opposite, ovate or oblong-ovate, pointed,
on petioles, on the edge with blunt teeth or wavy. Baskets by numerous thin,
not the same length legs, a loose poluzontikah to 3 mm in diameter. Leaflets
ovate involucre, on the edge of the membranous. Ray flowers about 3 mm long.
Achenes 1. 0-1. 5 mm in length, with fine hairs. Boundary - triangular,
internal - the four-pentahedral, with indistinct furrows, dark gray,
sometimes almost black. Pappus in marginal achenes of small setae break off,
in mid - white oblong-lanceolate ciliate films including 8-20, the breaking
away of falling from an annular ridge. Flowering in July-September. Maximum
productivity is up 300 thousand. seeds. Weight of 1000 seeds 0. 21 g. The
vegetation period is 30-45 days. Propagated by seeds, which are dispersed by
wind through CNStats owner gains. In svezhesozrevshih seed germination of
28-49%. The minimum temperature for germination is 6-8 ° C, optimum 16 - +30
° C. Variable temperature promote germination of seeds stale, but in a small
degree of influence on fresh. Fluctuation of dryness and humidity greatly
increases the germination rate as fresh and stale seeds. Germinate from a
depth of no more than 2-3 cm. Germination is greatly influenced by light.
Summer-autumn shoots did not survive the winter and die at a temperature of -
4.2° C.

Dianthus capitatus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus capitatus
Perennial herb, stems 30-90 cm
high, green-gray, glabra, in the lignificata, branched, swollen below the
nodes, leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate, 2-5 mm wide, the margins entire;
actinomorfe flowers, solitary or in dicazii large, odoriferous, based gamosepal
calyx tube, there are four folio long as the calyx tube, Arista finished with
a green, short, fruit - capsule denticulata calyx tube that remains closed.

Centaurea cyanus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Centaurea cyanus
One or biennial plant family
Compositae with a thin rod branched root. The stem is erect, branched, to 80
cm in . Lower leaves are trifoliate or peristolopastnye, rarely entire,
petiolate, dying at the time of flowering. The remaining leaves are sessile,
linear, smooth-. Flowers in solitary large flower diameter of about 3 cm long
leafless peduncles. Marginal flowers asexual, with blue funnel-shaped
deep-pyatinadre zannymi nimbuses up to 2 cm, median - are bisexual, the
stamens 5, anthers fused into a tube, pistil with two stigmas with violet
tubular quinquedentate nimbuses up to 1 cm. Fruits - hairy shiny gray or
yellowish gray, oblong-ovate achene length 2,5-4 mm, with multi-row tuft at
apex, crest, which is equal to the length of the achene, is composed of
uneven reddish or purple stiff bristly hairs, easily breaks off. Flowering
from May to August. Fruits in August.

Viburnum opulus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Viburnales » Family: Viburnaceae

Viburnum opulus
Small spreading tree or large
shrub to 3-4 m (to 6-7 m in the most favourable conditions).
Fast-growing plant. Annual growth even at lateral shoots reaches 30-40 cm.
Longevity of stems 9-25 (up to 50) years. Root system consists from long
taproot and numerous lateral roots. Bark grey-brownish with rimes; young
shoots with greyish-green bark. Buds ovoid sometimes with pointed top,
redish-green, with 2 scales. Opposite leafs wide-ovoid or round, 3-5-lobate,
large (7-10 cm length, to 8 cm , and sometimes bigger on the sprouting
shoots). Upper leaf surface is naked, dark-green, lower leaf surface is more
light because of grey densely and soft velvet pubescent. Leafstalk is short
(up to 2 cm)? with glandular tubercles in upper end. Flowers collected in
inflorescence - corymbs up to 8-10 cm diameter. Fertile, bell-shaped,
yellowish inner flowers (small about 5 mm) are surrounded by a ring of
showier, actinomorphic, white, sterile flowers (large 1-2.5 cm).

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