Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Galinsoga parviflora

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Galinsoga parviflora
Plants 10-100 cm high, covered with scattered small and more dense in the upper part of appressed simple
hairs, with an admixture of glandular. Stem is straight, usually branched
from the base. Fibrous roots. Leaves opposite, ovate or oblong-ovate, pointed,
on petioles, on the edge with blunt teeth or wavy. Baskets by numerous thin,
not the same length legs, a loose poluzontikah to 3 mm in diameter. Leaflets
ovate involucre, on the edge of the membranous. Ray flowers about 3 mm long.
Achenes 1. 0-1. 5 mm in length, with fine hairs. Boundary - triangular,
internal - the four-pentahedral, with indistinct furrows, dark gray,
sometimes almost black. Pappus in marginal achenes of small setae break off,
in mid - white oblong-lanceolate ciliate films including 8-20, the breaking
away of falling from an annular ridge. Flowering in July-September. Maximum
productivity is up 300 thousand. seeds. Weight of 1000 seeds 0. 21 g. The
vegetation period is 30-45 days. Propagated by seeds, which are dispersed by
wind through CNStats owner gains. In svezhesozrevshih seed germination of
28-49%. The minimum temperature for germination is 6-8 C, optimum 16 - +30
C. Variable temperature promote germination of seeds stale, but in a small
degree of influence on fresh. Fluctuation of dryness and humidity greatly
increases the germination rate as fresh and stale seeds. Germinate from a
depth of no more than 2-3 cm. Germination is greatly influenced by light.
Summer-autumn shoots did not survive the winter and die at a temperature of -
4.2 C.

Galega officinalis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Galega officinalis
Perennial, Herbs, Taproot
present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall,
Stems solid, Stems or young twigs glabrous or sparsely glabrate, Stems or
young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules
conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous,
Stipules persistent, Stipules free, Stipules cordate, lobed, or sagittate,
Leaves compound, Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets
opposite, Leaflets 5-9, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves glabrous or nearly so,
Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Inflorescence terminal,
Bracts conspicuously present, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx
glabrous, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals
pinkish to rose, Petals blue, lavander to purple, or violet, Banner petal
ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Keel tips
obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens monadelphous, united
below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Style persistent in fruit, Fruit a
legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight,
Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit compressed between seeds, Fruit torulose or
moniliform, strongly constricted between seeds, Fruit beaked, Fruit 3-10
seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive,
brown, or black.

Epilobium hirsutum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Onagraceae

Epilobium hirsutum
It is a tall, perennial plant,
reaching up to 2 metres in . The robust stems are branched and have
numerous hairs. The hairy leaves are 2-12 cm long and 0.5-3.5 cm wide. They
are long and thin and are widest below the middle. They have sharply-toothed
edges and no stalk. The large flowers have four notched petals. These are
purple-pink and are usually 10-16 mm long. The stigma is white and has four
lobes. The sepals are green.

Dianthus capitatus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Dianthus capitatus
Perennial herb, stems 30-90 cm
high, green-gray, glabra, in the lignificata, branched, swollen below the
nodes, leaves opposite, linear-lanceolate, 2-5 mm wide, the margins entire;
actinomorfe flowers, solitary or in dicazii large, odoriferous, based gamosepal
calyx tube, there are four folio long as the calyx tube, Arista finished with
a green, short, fruit - capsule denticulata calyx tube that remains closed.

Descurainia sophia

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Descurainia sophia

ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m
(3ft). It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to
September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)
and are pollinated by Self. The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The
plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in
semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.


Crataegus monogyna

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order:Rosales » Family: Rosaceae

Crataegus monogyna
Crataegus monogyna, known as
Common Hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn native to Europe, northwest Africa
and western Asia. Other common names include may, mayblossom, maythorn,
quickthorn, whitethorn, motherdie, and haw. This species is one of several that
have been referred to as Crataegus oxyacantha, a name that has been rejected
by the botanical community as too ambiguous.

Crataegus curvisepala

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order:Rosales » Family: Rosaceae

Crataegus curvisepala
Shrub or tree up to 5 m; spines
1-2 cm. Leaves rhombic to ovate-oblong, (10-)20-40 mm, as broad as long,
cuneate at base, concolorous, glabrous or with scattered hairs; on lower part
of short shoots shortly 3-lobed; on upper part of short shoots and on long
shoots with 3-7 deeply incised lobes, irregularly serrate at apex and often
almost to the base. Inflorescence 7-12-flowered, lax. Flowers white; pedicels
5-10 mm, elongating in fruit to 10-20 mm; sepals triangular-lanceolate,
acuminate, refiexed in flower and fruit; style l(-2). Fruit dark purple,
ellipsoidal, 8-15 x 4-8 mm; pyrene 1. Fl. 5-6. Deciduous and mixed forests,
bushy slopes, banks of rivers, 50-1800 m.

Convolvulus arvensis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Solanales » Family: Convolvulaceae

Convolvulus arvensis
Description. Herbaceous
perennial from persistent, vertical and horizontal rhizomes; rhizomes often
spirally twisted, to 2 m or more in depth; stems 20- 100 cm long, prostrate,
spreading, or twining, often forming tangled mats, angular, puberulent. Leaves
alternate; petioles 0.5-3 cm long; blades 1-5(10) cm long, 1-3(4) cm wide,
sagittate to hastate, puberulent, becoming glabrous, somewhat glaucous,
margins entire, apices rounded. Flowers solitary, sometimes 2-3 per node;
peduncles 0.5-6 cm long, often remotely bracted; bracts 2, 2-4 mm long,
linear; sepals 3-5 mm long, oblong to obovate, margins minutely ciliate,
apices obtuse; corolla 1.5-3 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, funnelform, white to
pink, sometimes purplish near the margins; anthers 5, 2-3 mm long. Fruit a
capsule, 5-8 mm long; seeds 3-4 mm long, ovoid to obovoid, dark brown.
Flowering in California from May to October.

Clematis integrifolia

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Clematis integrifolia
Shrub with erect, simple or
weakly branched, reddish-brown stems up to 30-60 cm (in culture up to 1 m),
slightly downy white. Leaves from oblong-ovate to narrow-lanceolate, 5-7 cm
in length ( Cultural copies up to 12 cm), pointed, leathery, entire, glabrous
above, slightly pubescent below, on both sides of the green, sessile.

Chenopodium albyum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium albyum
ANNUAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by
0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to October,
and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have
both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. It tends to grow
upright at first, reaching s of 10-150 cm (rarely to 3 m), but
typically becomes recumbent after flowering (due to the weight of the foliage
and seeds) unless supported by other plants. The leaves are alternate and can
be varied in appearance. The first leaves, near the base of the plant, are
toothed and roughly diamond-shaped, 3-7 cm long and 3-6 cm broad. The leaves
on the upper part of the flowering stems are entire and lanceolate-rhomboid,
1-5 cm long and 0.4-2 cm broad; they are waxy-coated, unwettable and mealy in
appearance, with a whitish coat on the underside. The small flowers are
radially symmetrical and grow in small cymes on a dense branched
inflorescence 10-40 cm long

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