Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova
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Syringa vulgaris

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family:Oleaceae

Syringa vulgaris
It is a large deciduous shrub or
multi-stemmed small tree, growing to 6Ц7 m high, producing secondary shoots
("suckers") with stem diameters of up to 20 cm from the base or
roots, which in the course of decades may produce a small clonal thicket. The
bark is grey to grey-brown, smooth on young stems, longitudinally furrowed
and flaking on older stems. The leaves are simple, 4Ц12 cm long and 3Ц8 cm
broad, light green to glaucous, oval to cordate, with pinnate leaf venation,
a mucronate apex and an entire margin. They are arranged in opposite pairs or
occasionally in whorls of three. The flowers have a tubular base to the
corolla 6Ц10 mm long with an open four-lobed apex 5Ц8 mm across, usually
lilac to mauve, occasionally white. They are arranged in a dense, terminal
panicle 8-18 cm long. The fruit is a dry, smooth brown capsule, 1Ц2 cm long,
splitting in two to release the two winged seeds.
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Leonurus cardiaca L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Lamiales » Family: Lamiaceae

Leonurus cardiaca L.
L. cardiaca has a square stem
and opposite leaves. The leaves have serrated margins and are palmately lobed
with long petioles; basal leaves are wedge shaped with three points and while
the upper leaves are more latticed. Flowers appear in leaf axils on the upper
part of the plant and it blooms between June - August. The flowers are small,
pink to lilac in colour often with furry lower lips. The plant grows to about
60-100 cm in . It can be found along roadsides and in vacant fields and
other disturbed areas.
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Convolvulus arvensis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Solanales » Family: Convolvulaceae

Convolvulus arvensis
Description. Herbaceous
perennial from persistent, vertical and horizontal rhizomes; rhizomes often
spirally twisted, to 2 m or more in depth; stems 20- 100 cm long, prostrate,
spreading, or twining, often forming tangled mats, angular, puberulent. Leaves
alternate; petioles 0.5-3 cm long; blades 1-5(10) cm long, 1-3(4) cm wide,
sagittate to hastate, puberulent, becoming glabrous, somewhat glaucous,
margins entire, apices rounded. Flowers solitary, sometimes 2-3 per node;
peduncles 0.5-6 cm long, often remotely bracted; bracts 2, 2-4 mm long,
linear; sepals 3-5 mm long, oblong to obovate, margins minutely ciliate,
apices obtuse; corolla 1.5-3 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, funnelform, white to
pink, sometimes purplish near the margins; anthers 5, 2-3 mm long. Fruit a
capsule, 5-8 mm long; seeds 3-4 mm long, ovoid to obovoid, dark brown.
Flowering in California from May to October.
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Ceratocephala testiculata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Ceratocephala testiculata
Ceratocephala testiculata (syn.
Ceratocephala orthoceras, Ranunculus testiculatus) is a flowering plant that
is native to Eurasia. Common names include bur buttercup and curveseed
butterwort. It is very small, usually only about an inch or two tall, but potentially
getting up to four inches. The flowers are small and dull yellow. The leaves
are hairy and somewhat dissected. It produces a cluster of hard, spiny fruits
(the 'burs'). Like other members of the buttercup family, they are poisonous.
Where they are present in large numbers, it is usually an indication of
excessive disturbance to the land.
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Calystegia sepium

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Solanales » Family: Convolvulaceae

Calystegia sepium
of up to 2-4 m, rarely 5
m. The leaves are arranged spirally, simple, pointed at the tip and arrowhead
shaped, 5-10 cm long and 3-7 cm broad.

The flowers are produced from late spring to the end of summer. In the bud,
they are covered by large bracts which remain and continue to cover sepals.
The open flowers are trumpet-shaped, 3-7 cm diameter, white, or pale pink
with white stripes. After flowering the fruit develops as an almost spherical
capsule 1 cm diameter containing two to four large, black seeds that are
shaped like quartered oranges. The seeds disperse and thrive in fields,
borders, roadsides and open woods.
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Brassica nigra

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica nigra
The plant is believed to be
native to the southern Mediterranean region of Europe, and has been
cultivated for thousands of years.

The spice is generally made from ground seeds of the plant, with the seed
coats removed. The small (1 mm) seeds are hard and vary in color from dark
brown to black. They are flavorful, although they have almost no aroma. The
seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine, for example in curry, where it is
known as 'rai'. The seeds are usually thrown into hot oil or ghee after which
they pop, releasing a characteristic 'nutty' flavor. The seeds have a
significant amount of fatty oil. This oil is used often as cooking oil in
India.
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Brassica napus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica napus
Annual or biennial, when sown
late and flowering the following spring, with slender or stout, hard, long,
fusiform tuberous taproot; stems erect, much-branched, up to 1.5 m tall,
often purple toward base; leaves glaucous, the lower ones lyrate-pinnatifid
or lobed, with petioles 10Ц30 cm long, glabrous or with a few bristly hairs,
upper stem leaves lanceolate, sessile, clasping, more or less entire; flowers
pale yellow, 1.2Ц1.5 cm long, open flowers not overtopping buds of
inflorescence; inflorescence much-branched, up to 1 m tall as an elongating
raceme; silique 5Ц11 cm long, 2.5Ц4 mm wide, with slender beak 0.5Ц3 mm long.
Underground part curved or crooked for 5Ц7.5 cm and then dividing into stout
horizontal branches. Fl. late spring to fall; fr. early summer to fall
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Brassica juncea

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Brassica juncea
Plant herbaceous, annual,
cross-fertilized, xeromezophilic to mesophilic, moderately thermophilic, at
pH amfitolerant. Root are slim. Stems 100-150 cm high, more are less hairy at
the base, above glabrata, poorly branched. Lower leaves, irregularly-toothed
incisor. Yellow flowers open, clustered in a dense raceme. Flowering V-VIII.
Entomophilic polarization. Fruit 2.5 to 5.0 cm long with 16-20 small seeds.
Pods are smooth and convex, containing up to a dozen Semitic. Mustard pods
should be harvested before exploding, Mustard Brown is much more pungent than
white, but less than black
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Aristolochia clematitis

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Aristolochiales » Family: Aristolochiaceae

Aristolochia clematitis
Aristolochia is a genus of
evergreen and deciduous woody vines and herbaceous perennials. The smooth
stem is erect or somewhat twining. The simple leaves are alternate and
cordate, membranous, growing on leaf stalks. There are no stipules.
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Taraxacum officinale

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Asteraceae

Taraxacum officinale
The species of Taraxacum are
tap-rooted biennial or perennial herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas
of the Old World.

The leaves are 5Ц25 cm long or longer, simple and basal, entire or lobed,
forming a rosette above the central taproot. The flower heads are yellow to
orange colored, and are open in the daytime but closed at night. The heads
are borne singly on a hollow stem (scape) that rises 1Ц10 cm or more above
the leaves and exudes a milky sap (latex) when broken. A rosette may produce
several flowering stems at a time. The flower heads are 2Ц5 cm in diameter
and consists entirely of ray florets. The flower heads mature into a
spherical "clocks" containing many single-seeded fruits called
achenes. Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hairs, which enable
wind-aided dispersal over long distances.
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