Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Caragana fletux

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Caragana fletux
0,5-2 m shrub with yellowish or
greenish-gray bark, mostly bearing narrow longitudinal whitish stripes cork.
Young shoots finely downy, netolstye, leaf petioles long shoots quickly
harden and remain in the form of short, 3-11 mm in length, but rather thick
spines, leaves 5-20 mm long and 2-9 mm wide, green or greyish, paler below
with a thickened middle vein, continuing on the tip of leaflets in the barbed
tip. Pedicels solitary or paired, Unifloral 5-9 mm long, Calyx
campanulate-tubular, corolla 22-30 mm long, yellow or golden; flag with a
broad, ovate-rhombic limb, wings extended upward somewhat, keel blunt, bob
4-5 cm long, 4,5-6 mm wide.

Atriplex tatarica

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Asterales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Atriplex tatarica
Plant is 10-100 cm in ,
with straight stem that may lie horizontally along the ground. Leaves are
alternate, petiolate, triangular-oblong or ovate-oblong; more seldom they are
narrower, repand-serrate or lociniate; often hairy along the edge, very shortly
apiculate. Flowers are clustered in leafless, terminal, spike-shaped
inflorescences, which are leafy only in their lower part. Antheral flowers
are divided into 5 parts, pistillates are clustered in whorls in groups of
3-20 without perianth and are wrapped in two bracts with a very short stalk,
which intergrows only in the lowest part. Seeds are round, lustrous,
glabrous, and brown. A. tatarica flowers and bears fruit in July-September.
Minimum temperature for seed germination is 3-4°C; optimum is 18-22°C.

Veronica spicata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Veronica spicata
Veronica spicta is
self-compatible, protogynous and insect-pollinated perennial with a life span
from three to ten years. Once established V. spicata spreads mainly by
rhizomes and stolons into areas of bare soil where it grows in dense patches.
Veronica spicata is higly intolerant of shade and competition, persisting
only where potentially tall competitors remain restricted by relative
harshness of environment. In Finland , V. spicata is at the northern limits
of its distribution.

Sisymbrium loeselii

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium loeselii
Stems - To +1.2m tall, erect,
herbaceous, from large taproot, typically branching above, pilose to hirsute.

Leaves - Alternate, lyrate-pinnatifid, reduced upward, pilose to hirsute,
acute at apex. Lower leaves to 15cm long, 6cm broad. Lobes with coarse
irregular teeth. terminal lobes of upper leaves typically hastate and
truncate at base.


Sisymbrium altissimum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium altissimum
Plant 20-80 cm high, stem
coarse, thick, divaricately ramified, with rough simple hairs below, glabrous
or almost glabrous at top. Lower leaves petiolate, densely haired,
pinnatifid, with broad lanceolate lobes; stalk leaves pinnatisect, with long
narrow linear lobes; upper leaves pinnatisect, with narrowly-linear, nearly
filiform lobes. Flowers in loose panicle. Sepals glabrous, lanceolate, 4-5 mm
in length, with broad transparent margins. Petals pale yellow, nearly white
after flowering, 7-9 mm in length. Siliquas long, 5-10 cm,
tetrahedral-cylindrical, erect, spread-apart, located on fruiting pedicel of
5-10 mm long. Seeds small, elliptical, angular, somewhat compressed, yellow.
Weight of 1,000 seeds 0.1-0.2 g. Germination in March-May and in autumn,
autumnal shoots over-wintering. Blossoms in May-July.

Rhinanthus alectorolophus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Rhinanthus alectorolophus
Annual herb 30-50 cm tall,
semyparasite, toxic. Flowering in June-July. It grows in meadows, river
valleys, forest glades in the Ukraine (Carpathians), in Belarus, Moldova.
With the purpose of treatment used grass, leaves.

Melampyrum arvense

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Melampyrum arvense
This colourful endangered plant
has pale green, toothed and narrow leaves that grow on opposite sides of the
stem. The flowers grow in a spike known as an inflorescence, and are
generally purplish-pink in colour with a yellow throat and lip. Long, thin bracts
also emerge from the flower spike; these can be green, deep pink or white in
colour. A local name for this species is 'poverty weed' as the seeds gave a
bad taste to flour and devalued the price of corn.

Lepidium ruderale

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Lepidium ruderale
Annual or biennial, more or less
foetid, 20-30 cm, single-stemmed, much branched above, glabrous or sparsely
covered with short spreading hairs. Basal leaves 2-3 x pinnate,
long-petiolate, forming a loose rosette or withering early. Caulline leaves
pinnate with narrow entire segments; upper segments narrow, oblong, sessile.
Fruiting pedicels slender, ascending, 2-4 mm. Siliculae ovate or broadly
elliptical, narrowly winged above, 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm; septum 1.5-2 x 0.5

Clematis integrifolia

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Clematis integrifolia
Shrub with erect, simple or
weakly branched, reddish-brown stems up to 30-60 cm (in culture up to 1 m),
slightly downy white. Leaves from oblong-ovate to narrow-lanceolate, 5-7 cm
in length ( Cultural copies up to 12 cm), pointed, leathery, entire, glabrous
above, slightly pubescent below, on both sides of the green, sessile.

Campanula patula

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Campanulales » Family: Campanulaceae

Campanula patula
Campanula patula is generally
regarded as a plant of sunny, well-drained banks in woodland glades, on
tracks and roadsides and on rock outcrops. Reproduction is by seed which
needs disturbance for germination. However, the seed is long-lived, allowing
the plant to reappear after long absences; it was first recorded at Pandy
Station (The Hatterels, Mons.) for example in 1868 - a gap of 135 years
between records! Although it has been known at Corndon Far (Monts.)
on-and-off for at least 20 years, many populations are transient.

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