Med Plant Data Base

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Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova

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Symphytum officinale

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Boraginales » Family: Boraginaceae

Symphytum officinale
General: robust, taprooted
perennial 30-120 cm tall, often with several clustered stems. Stem and flower
cluster with spreading or bent back, stiff hairs.

Leaves: large, the basal ones stalked, with ovate or lance-ovate blade
mostly 15-30 cm long and 7-12 cm wide. Stem leaves alternate, gradually
reduced and with shorter stalks but still ample, the upper commonly
stalkless. Stem evidently winged by the conspicuously downward-extended
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Stellaria media

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Stellaria mediaRoot
is thin, ramified. Stem is usually prostrate, 5-30 (40) cm long, round, one
row of hairs, often twisting, developing roots at the nodes. Cotyledons are
tender, light green, lanceolate, tapering into the petiole. Foliage leaves
are opposite in pairs, small, pointed-ovate, tip often dot-shaped black,
lower leaves petiolate, petioles with a comb of hair. Flowers are white,
small, star-like, pedunculate, in terminal and in forks. Boll is ovate or
oblong, longer than the calyx. Seeds are numerous, rounded or reniform,
squeezed, brown. Seed germination depth is 1-2 cm. Seeds per plant: 15,000
(10,000-20,000). Seeds maintain their ability to germinate in soil for 2-5
years. Propagates with rooted stems as well. Germination period is from early
spring until first autumn frosts. Yields 2-3 generations in a summer.
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Solanum nigrum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Solanales

Solanum nigrum
It rarely grows more than a foot
or so in and is much branched, generally making a bushy-looking mass.
It varies much according to the conditions of its growth, both as to the
amount of its dull green foliage and the size of its individual leaves, which
are egg-shaped and stalked, the outlines bluntly notched or waved. The stem
is green and hollow.
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Sisymbrium loeselii

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium loeselii
Stems - To +1.2m tall, erect,
herbaceous, from large taproot, typically branching above, pilose to hirsute.

Leaves - Alternate, lyrate-pinnatifid, reduced upward, pilose to hirsute,
acute at apex. Lower leaves to 15cm long, 6cm broad. Lobes with coarse
irregular teeth. terminal lobes of upper leaves typically hastate and
truncate at base.

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Sisymbrium altissimum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Capparales » Family: Brassicaceae

Sisymbrium altissimum
Plant 20-80 cm high, stem
coarse, thick, divaricately ramified, with rough simple hairs below, glabrous
or almost glabrous at top. Lower leaves petiolate, densely haired,
pinnatifid, with broad lanceolate lobes; stalk leaves pinnatisect, with long
narrow linear lobes; upper leaves pinnatisect, with narrowly-linear, nearly
filiform lobes. Flowers in loose panicle. Sepals glabrous, lanceolate, 4-5 mm
in length, with broad transparent margins. Petals pale yellow, nearly white
after flowering, 7-9 mm in length. Siliquas long, 5-10 cm,
tetrahedral-cylindrical, erect, spread-apart, located on fruiting pedicel of
5-10 mm long. Seeds small, elliptical, angular, somewhat compressed, yellow.
Weight of 1,000 seeds 0.1-0.2 g. Germination in March-May and in autumn,
autumnal shoots over-wintering. Blossoms in May-July.
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Saponaria officinalis L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Saponaria officinalis L.
Common Soapwort (Saponaria
officinalis) is a vespertine flower, and a common perennial plant from the
carnation family (Caryophyllaceae). Other common names are Bouncing Bet and
Sweet William; locally it is simply "the Soapwort" although there are
about 20 species of soapworts altogether.
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Sambucus ebulus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Dipsacales » Family: Caprifoliaceae

Sambucus ebulus
Perennial herbaceous plant with
unpleasant odor 0.5-1.5 m tall. Stem straight, grooved, simple or slightly
branched, glabrous or covered with sparse hairs. Stipules foliaceous,
lanceolate or ovate. Leaf petioles 4-5 times shorter than blade. Leaves large,
5-20 cm long, 9-11 leaflets, the
latters lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, long-acuminate, with oblique base.
Leaflets glabrous or covered with sparse hairs along veins, especially
beneath; decurrent. Leaflet margins serrate. Lower lateral leaflets
petiolulate, upper ones sessile. Inflorescence terminal, an umbel-like flat
large panicle on long peduncle, consists of 3 main branches, branching many
times. Flowers with almond smell.. Corolla
is white or slightly pinkish or reddish outside. Stamens are
protruding up, with long filaments and purple anthers. Ovary glabrous, with
short style. Fruits black, shiny, with red juice, about 4 mm long, with 3-4 stones.
Stones ovate, triquetrous, convex on back, slightly transversally wrinkled.
Flowers in May - July, fruits in August - September. Entomophilous.
Zoochore.
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Rhinanthus alectorolophus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Rhinanthus alectorolophus
Annual herb 30-50 cm tall,
semyparasite, toxic. Flowering in June-July. It grows in meadows, river
valleys, forest glades in the Ukraine (Carpathians), in Belarus, Moldova.
With the purpose of treatment used grass, leaves.
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Ranunculus polyanthemos

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Ranunculus polyanthemos
Herbal plant, rhizome is white,
thick, horizontal. Since he develops an erect stem, branched in the upper,
fine hairy, high 25-75 cm. Basal leaves are long. of leaf elements is
obviously lower in the upper leaves.

Flowers actinomorphe, consisting of
five sepals and five yellow petals, long 1 - 1.5 cm. Stamens numerous, are
arranged in a spiral towards the center of the flower.
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Potentilla alba.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order:Rosales » Family: Rosaceae

Potentilla alba.
Potentilla alba a perennial
herbaceous plant of 8-25cm. Rhizome thickened, black and brown. The
whole plant, except the upper side of adult leaves, covered with appressed
silky hairs. Radical leaves with dark-brown large stipules. Flowers are white,
on long peduncles, rather large.
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