Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
«Evaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Adonis vernalis L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Adonis vernalis L.
Herbs , perennial,
stout-rhizomatous. Stems 1-4, 5-35 cm at anthesis (10-40 cm at fruiting
time). Leaves: basal leaves scalelike, 1cm, sessile; proximal cauline leaves
with sheathlike petiole base, distal leaves short-petiolate to sessile; leaf
blade 1-2-pinnatisect. Flowers 4-8 cm diam.; sepals appressed to petals,
ovate-elliptic to obovate, margins and abaxial surface villous, apex slightly
crenulate to ±erose; petals 10-20, spreading, yellow, without basal blotch,
plane, 25-35 mm, 1.5 times length of calyx, apex erose or irregularly
crenulate; stamens ca. 80; anthers yellow; pistils 40-50. Heads of achenes
globose to ovoid, 15-20 × 12-15 mm; pedicels hidden among dense leaves;
achenes pubescent, 3.5-5.5 mm, transverse flange absent, basal tooth absent,
adaxial margin very short (1 mm), straight, abaxial margin strongly gibbous;
beak strongly recurved against abaxial surface, 0.5-1 mm.

Verbascum thapsus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum thapsus
Biennials to 1.5 m tall, densely
with grayish yellow stellate hairs. Leaves to 15 cm long, 6 cm wide, margin
crenate. Other stem leaves gradually decreasing in size upward, sessile,
oblong to ovate-oblong, base decurrently into wings. Panicle is cylindrical,
to 30 cm long, 2 cm wide, dense. Flowers usually few fascicled. Pedicel
short. Calyx ca. 7 mm; Corolla yellow, 1-2 cm in diameter. Stamens 5;
filaments of anterior 2 stamens glabrous and of posterior 3 pubescent; anther
lobes divergent at base. Capsule ovoid, as long as persistent calyx.

Verbascum phoeniceum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Scrophulariales » Family: Scrophulariaceae

Verbascum phoeniceum
Perennial plants 30-100 cm in
. Stems erect, simple, sometimes branched at the top. Flowers is
simple. Corolla purple; Filaments with purple hairs. Fruit - egg-shaped
capsule, mostly naked.

Blooms in the early and mid-summer.

Trifolium fragiferum L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Trifolium fragiferum L.
Perennial herb. Stems prostrate
and stoloniferous, 5 to 50 cm long with erect petioles and floral stalks,
stems hairy or smooth. Leaves trifoliate, 2 to 20 cm long, congested or
loose, with long hairy or hairless stalks. Leaflet 0.5 to 3 cm long, 0.3 to 1.5
cm wide, obovate to elliptical, occasionally round, blunt, often indented at
the tip, finely toothed, hairless or hairy along the veins and margins.
Stipules reach 2 cm long, lance-shaped, dilated and white papery towards the
base and with a sharp pointed free portion. Inflorescences globular and
compact, 10-12 mm in diameter, with pink or purplish red florets and when
ripe, become reddish and resemble strawberry fruits. The blooms appear
earlier than those of white clover. There may be 35 to 60 florets per head.
Only one seed forms in a floret. As the seeds mature, the head takes on the
appearance of a balloon. The flowers are extremely attractive to bees for
both nectar and pollen. After pollination in summer by bumble bees and honey
bees, the pubescent fruiting calyces contain 1-2 seeds each. Seeds are
heart-shaped and colored light brown with dark brown flecks. Cross
fertilized. 2n = 16.

Tilia cordata

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Lythraceae

Tilia cordata
It is a deciduous tree growing
to 20-38 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-2 m diameter. The leaves are
alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3-8 cm long and broad,
mostly hairless (unlike the related Tilia platyphyllos) except for small
tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils - the leaves are distinctively
heart-shaped. The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in
clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green
subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by
bees. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6–7 mm long and 4 mm broad, downy at
first becoming smooth at maturity, and (unlike T. platyphyllos) not

Ranunculus polyanthemos

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Ranunculales » Family: Ranunculaceae

Ranunculus polyanthemos
Herbal plant, rhizome is white,
thick, horizontal. Since he develops an erect stem, branched in the upper,
fine hairy, high 25-75 cm. Basal leaves are long. of leaf elements is
obviously lower in the upper leaves.

  Flowers actinomorphe, consisting of
five sepals and five yellow petals, long 1 - 1.5 cm. Stamens numerous, are
arranged in a spiral towards the center of the flower.

Potentilla alba.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order:Rosales » Family: Rosaceae

Potentilla alba.
Potentilla alba a perennial
herbaceous plant of 8-25cm. Rhizome thickened, black and brown. The
whole plant, except the upper side of adult leaves, covered with appressed
silky hairs. Radical leaves with dark-brown large stipules. Flowers are white,
on long peduncles, rather large.

Medicago lupulina

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Medicago lupulina
Annual with prostrate or
ascending stems up to 2½' long. These stems are light green or reddish
green and densely covered with white hairs (although older stems become less
hairy); they branch occasionally. The alternate compound leaves are trifoliate.
Young trifoliate leaves toward the tips of the stems have short hairy
petioles, while older trifoliate leaves have longer petioles. At the base of
each petiole, there is a pair of stipules that are lanceolate to ovate and
variable in size. The leaflets of the compound leaves are up to 2/3"
long and about half as much across; they are medium to dark green, obovate or
oval-ovate, hairy or nearly hairless, and slightly dentate along their
margins. Each middle leaflet has a short stalk, while the lateral leaflets
are sessile. The upper surface of each leaflet has fine lateral veins that
are light green and straight.

Epilobium hirsutum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Myrtales » Family: Onagraceae

Epilobium hirsutum
It is a tall, perennial plant,
reaching up to 2 metres in . The robust stems are branched and have
numerous hairs. The hairy leaves are 2-12 cm long and 0.5-3.5 cm wide. They
are long and thin and are widest below the middle. They have sharply-toothed
edges and no stalk. The large flowers have four notched petals. These are
purple-pink and are usually 10-16 mm long. The stigma is white and has four
lobes. The sepals are green.

Chenopodium albyum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium albyum
ANNUAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by
0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to October,
and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have
both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. It tends to grow
upright at first, reaching s of 10-150 cm (rarely to 3 m), but
typically becomes recumbent after flowering (due to the weight of the foliage
and seeds) unless supported by other plants. The leaves are alternate and can
be varied in appearance. The first leaves, near the base of the plant, are
toothed and roughly diamond-shaped, 3-7 cm long and 3-6 cm broad. The leaves
on the upper part of the flowering stems are entire and lanceolate-rhomboid,
1-5 cm long and 0.4-2 cm broad; they are waxy-coated, unwettable and mealy in
appearance, with a whitish coat on the underside. The small flowers are
radially symmetrical and grow in small cymes on a dense branched
inflorescence 10-40 cm long

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