Med Plant Data Base


Moldo-german project 10.820.09.09GA
ЂEvaluation of the pharmaceutic potential
of medicinal plants from natural habitats from Republic of Moldova


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Trifolium pratense

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Trifolium pratense
It is widely grown as a fodder
crop, valued for its nitrogen fixation, which increases soil fertility. For
these reasons it is used as a green manure crop. Several cultivar groups have
been selected for agricultural use, mostly derived from var. sativum. It has
become naturalised in many temperate areas, including the Americas and
Australasia as an escape from cultivation.

Saponaria officinalis L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Caryophyllales » Family: Caryophyllaceae

Saponaria officinalis L.
Common Soapwort (Saponaria
officinalis) is a vespertine flower, and a common perennial plant from the
carnation family (Caryophyllaceae). Other common names are Bouncing Bet and
Sweet William; locally it is simply "the Soapwort" although there are
about 20 species of soapworts altogether.

Polygonatum multiflorum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Liliopsida » Order: Asparagales » Family: Asparagaceae

Polygonatum multiflorum
It is in flower in June, and the
seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and
female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils,
requires well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. The plant prefers
acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep
woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It requires dry or moist soil and
can tolerate drought.

Polygonatum latifolium

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Liliopsida » Order: Liliales » Family: Liliaceae

Polygonatum latifolium
Rhizomes shallowly set, 1Ц2 cm
thick. Stems arching, angled, 1Ц12 dm, sparsely hirsute distally; sheathing
bract cauline, papery, caducous. Leaves short-petiolate, 7Ц12.5 × 3Ц7
cm; blade elliptic-lanceolate to ovate, glabrous adaxially, minutely hairy or
pilose on abaxial veins, apex abruptly acuminate; prominent veins 3Ц9.
Inflorescences in most leaf axils except distalmost and proximal 2Ц4;
peduncle reflexed, axillary 2Ц3(Ц4)-flowered. Flowers: perianth whitish,
tipped with green, tube 10Ц18 mm, distinct tips 3 mm; stamens inserted near
middle of perianth tube; filaments glabrous or sparsely downy. Berries 6Ц9
mm. 2n = 20.

Crataegus monogyna

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order:Rosales » Family: Rosaceae

Crataegus monogyna
Crataegus monogyna, known as
Common Hawthorn, is a species of hawthorn native to Europe, northwest Africa
and western Asia. Other common names include may, mayblossom, maythorn,
quickthorn, whitethorn, motherdie, and haw. This species is one of several that
have been referred to as Crataegus oxyacantha, a name that has been rejected
by the botanical community as too ambiguous.

Crataegus curvisepala

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order:Rosales » Family: Rosaceae

Crataegus curvisepala
Shrub or tree up to 5 m; spines
1-2 cm. Leaves rhombic to ovate-oblong, (10-)20-40 mm, as broad as long,
cuneate at base, concolorous, glabrous or with scattered hairs; on lower part
of short shoots shortly 3-lobed; on upper part of short shoots and on long
shoots with 3-7 deeply incised lobes, irregularly serrate at apex and often
almost to the base. Inflorescence 7-12-flowered, lax. Flowers white; pedicels
5-10 mm, elongating in fruit to 10-20 mm; sepals triangular-lanceolate,
acuminate, refiexed in flower and fruit; style l(-2). Fruit dark purple,
ellipsoidal, 8-15 x 4-8 mm; pyrene 1. Fl. 5-6. Deciduous and mixed forests,
bushy slopes, banks of rivers, 50-1800 m.

Astragalus glycyphyllus

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Fabales » Family: Fabaceae

Astragalus glycyphyllus
Perennial, Herbs, Stems woody
below, or from woody crown or caudex, Nodules present, Stems erect or
ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs
sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules
conspicuous, Stipules membranous or chartaceous, Stipules persistent,
Stipules connate to each other, forming a tuber or sheath, Leaves compound,
Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite,
Leaflets 5-9, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces,
Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Bracts very small, absent or
caducous, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx hairy, Petals separate,
Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals ochroleucous, cream colored,
Petals bicolored or with red, purple or yellow streaks or spots, Banner petal
narrow or oblanceolate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips
obtuse or rounded, Keel petals auriculate, spurred, or gibbous, Keel tips
obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens diadelphous, 9 united, 1
free, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Style persistent in fruit, Fruit a
legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit tardily or wea kly dehiscent, Fruit elongate,
straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit or valves persistent on stem,
Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit beaked, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit
11-many seeded, Seeds cordiform, mit-shaped, notched at one end, Seed surface
smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.

Asarum europaeum

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Aristolochiales » Family: Aristolochiaceae

Asarum europaeum
Asarum europaeum, commonly known
as Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Haselwort, and Wild Spikenard, is a
species of wild ginger with single axillary dull purple flowers, lying on the
ground. It is widespread across Europe, ranging from southern Finland and
northern Russia south to southern France, Italy and the Republic of
Macedonia. It is also grown extensively outside of its range as an
ornamental. It is sometimes harvested for use as a spice or a

Ailanthus altissima

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Sapindales » Family: Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven, also known ailanthus, Chinese sumac, and stinking shumac,
is a deciduous tree in the mostly tropical quassia family. Mature trees can
reach 80 feet in . Ailanthus has smooth stems with pale gray bark and
twigs which are light chestnut brown, especially in the dormant season. Its
large compound leaves are 1-4 feet in length, alternate, and composed of
10-41 smaller leaflets. Each leaflet has one or more glandular teeth along
the lower margin. The leaf margins are otherwise entire or lacking teeth.
Ailanthus is a dioecious (Уtwo housesФ) plant meaning that male and female
flowers occur on separate plants. Flowers occur in large terminal clusters
and are small and pale yellow to greenish. Flat, twisted, winged fruits each
containing a single central seed are produced on female trees in late summer
to early fall and may remain on the trees for long periods of time. The wood
of ailanthus is soft, weak, coarse-grained, and creamy white to light brown
in color. All parts of the tree, especially the leaves and flowers, have a
nutty or burned nut odor.

Aesculus hippocastanum L.

KINGDOM: Plantae » Class: Magnoliopsida » Order: Sapindales » Family: Sapindaceae

Aesculus hippocastanum L.
It can reach 30 meters tall, and
has striking candles of blooms in spring and early summer. Individual flowers
have crumpled white petals with a yellow basal patch that changes to a dull
red colour. The fruit has a lathery cae covered with short pickles. The seed
are used to play conkers.

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